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Autobiographical Genres Memoir Autobiography Biography Personal Narrative
Autobiography • Who you are in life – Based on facts and research! • What life means to you – Your feelings, both past and present • What your outlook on the future is – Usually based on one event • Written by same person that it is about
Biography • History of a lifetime – Must cover entire life • Most important facts and events of someone’s life • Contains anecdotes, memories, trips and cherished moments • Is about another person
Personal Narrative • Focus is on a particular event in a person/writer’s life • 1st person • Uses diction and sensory details to express emotions that place the reader in the personal experience
Memoir • Autobiographical writing • Captures certain highlights or meaningful moments in one’s past • Contemplation of the meaning of that event at the time of the writing of the memoir • Much more emotional and connects the writer to someone or something that had and impact on their life
Characteristics of the MemoirForm • Focus on a brief period of time or series of related events • Narrative structure (storytelling elements like setting, plot, imagery, characterization, foreshadowing/flashback, and irony and symbolism) • Retrospective • Fictional quality • Higher emotional level/more personal reconstruction of the events and their impact
Memoirs – Another perspective • Explores an event or series of related events that remain lodged in memory • Describes the events and then shows, either directly or indirectly why they are significant • WHY do you STILL remember them? • Focused in time (not long) • Focuses on problem/conflict and its resolution and why the resolution is significant in your life
Why we read memoirs… • BECAUSE GOOD READERS… • Make connections • Question • Visualize • Infer • Synthesize • …and these things expose essential truths and help us evaluate our own lives and the world around us!
Good Readers • Make connections to books or works they read by: 1. Connect books they read by connecting it to another book (text-to-text) 2. Connect to something in their own life (text to self)