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Chapter 6: The American Revolution. At the start of the war, most people in America were still _________________ to England. This was especially true in the __________________ where they were economically independent on Britain. Why was the South so economically dependent on the British?.

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Presentation Transcript
declaring independence

At the start of the war, most people in America were still _________________ to England. This was especially true in the __________________ where they were economically independent on Britain.

  • Why was the South so economically dependent on the British?
Declaring Independence
thomas paine

In January 1776, a man by the name of Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet called _____________ ______________. In this document, he explained to the colonists why it made sense for them to break away from England. In six months, over 500,000 copies of this document were distributed around the colonies. The document convinced many people to break away from_______________.

Thomas Paine
slide4

Common Sense also affected the members of the Continental Congress. In June 1776, Richard Lee of Virginia stood up at the meeting and proposed that the colonies declare their ______________ from Britain.

  • What do you think could happen to them for making such a decision?
slide5

The Continental Congress agreed with Lee and appointed a committee to draft a declaration. The committee chose ____________ _______________ to write the document.

  • In late June, the document was finished and on July 2, 1776 the Continental Congress approved. They then signed the document on __________, 1776 aka Independence Day.
final question

What did the Declaration of Independence mean for the colonists?

  • What would be the ramifications of the document?
Final Question
do it now

With your groupmates, come up with two weaknesses and two strengths for both Great Britain and the colonies at the beginning of the American Revolution.

Do It Now
the crisis thomas paine

“These are the times that try men’s souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of the country; but he that stands now deserves the love and thanks of man and woman.”

The Crisis—Thomas Paine
battle of trenton

Why?

  • Morale booster for the exhausted, tired, worn men—wanted a successful battle before they stopped fighting for the winter
  • Only 1400 Hessians vs. 2400 of the Continental Army
Battle of Trenton
general burgoyne and saratoga

Goal: to cut of New England from the rest of the colonies by gaining control of the Hudson River

  • Why?
    • Stop supply of troops/ supplies would bring a quick end to the war
General Burgoyne and Saratoga
the war moves south

British Goal: Capture key cities and win over the local population

  • The British thought that they had strong loyalist sympathizers who were willing to fight for the British cause (hint: they didn’t)
The War Moves South
battle of yorktown

British General: Cornwallis

  • American General: Washington
  • French General: Rochambeau
Battle of Yorktown
points of the treaty of paris

1.Acknowledging the United States (viz. the Colonies) to be free, sovereign and independent states, and that the British Crown and all heirs and successors relinquish claims to the Government, property, and territorial rights of the same, and every part thereof;

2.Establishing the boundaries between the United States and British North America;

3.Granting fishing rights to United States fishermen in the Grand Banks, off the coast of Newfoundland and in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence;

4.Recognizing the lawful contracted debts to be paid to creditors on either side;

5.The Congress of the Confederation will "earnestly recommend" to state legislatures to recognize the rightful owners of all confiscated lands "provide for the restitution of all estates, rights, and properties, which have been confiscated belonging to real British subjects [Loyalists]";

6.United States will prevent future confiscations of the property of Loyalists;

7.Prisoners of war on both sides are to be released and all property left by the British army in the United States unmolested (including slaves);

8.Great Britain and the United States were each to be given perpetual access to the Mississippi River;

9.Territories captured by Americans subsequent to treaty will be returned without compensation;

10.Ratification of the treaty was to occur within six months from the signing by the contracting parties.

Points of the Treaty of Paris
final question2

How did the Americans win the war?

    • Lack of faith on the part of British soldiers/ citizens
    • French aid
    • Key battle victories
    • Refused to fight on British terms
    • Britain wasn’t interested in going into further debt
Final Question