REPUBLIC OF RWANDA National Institute of Statistics. Prepared by Emmanuel GATERA National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda Management Information Systems Director. Population Census Series. 1978, 1991 and 2002. History of census taking 1978: first census after the independence (1962)
Prepared by Emmanuel GATERA
National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda
Management Information Systems Director
1978, 1991 and 2002
Since 1978 individual forms for each person in the household have been used. Persons living in the household have to be listed in the census list giving their residence status (present or absent). The census list serves as an instrument for controlling completeness of enumeration. All questionnaires and explanation forms were part of the documentation translated in Kinywarwanda (the sole national tongue) since the first national census in 1978.
Instructions to enumerators are part of the documentation. The size of the booklets was growing from census to census. In 2002, also a handbook for the local census manager was Issued (controller and supervisors manuals).
Reports were issued before, during and after the 2002 census mostly elaborated by UNFPA consultants in demography and data processing containing instructions for the data processing, data editing and imputations. Such documentation is not available for the 1978 and 1991 census. There are only single reports for the RGPH2 (1991) such as data editing programmes, a report on the final data checks, instructions for manual processing, for coding, but they have not been published.
Microdata files contain nearly all variables available from the population censuses.
Ethnic group for the 1978 and 1991 census asked : (forbidden in 2002).
water, toilet (only 2002), type of energy for lighting, type of energy for cooking, etc.
The country is now divided :
“Type of school attended” has a lot more categories in 2002 than before. Full comparability can be reached only if some 1991 categories are summarized according to the former classification.