PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Interest Groups in Texas' - meli
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Rather than only having two major political parties, there are thousands of groups in the state that focus on the needs of discreet, isolated groups within the state. In addition, there are national interest groups within the state that tie the interests of state residents with those of the nation as a whole.
“By a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, [adverse] to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.”
The simple difference between the two is that public groups address issues that are common to everyone (like clean air and education) while private groups address issues that benefit their members (like business and professional organizations and labor unions).With that in mind: all groups like to argue that the benefits they receive will at least indirectly benefit the public welfare.
Texans for Lawsuit Reform can be considered to be both a public interest group and a private group. Limits on lawsuits are argued to enhance business opportunities and the jobs that come with it, which benefits the overall economy, but it provides specific benefits for businesses that engage in enterprises that make them subject to lawsuits.
Olson pointed out that these individuals provide selective benefits to individuals that they would not be able to get if they were not members of the group and did not participate to further the group’s objectives. A selective benefit is a reward or punishment that fosters cooperation among a group of people who might otherwise free ride.
In Texas, the Governor is responsible for appointing the members of approximately 125 multimember boards and commissions. These boards and commissions, some with broad policy mandates, make public policy on the often narrowly defined issues around which organized interests are likely to form. Consequently, organized interests, including businesses, associations, lobbying groups, and law firms, seek policy making appointments for their representatives in these government agencies. – source.