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GEF IW Conference, Budapest 14-18 October, 2000 PowerPoint Presentation
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WB Session and OP 8: Observations and tentative ideas of what this means for our work on international waters (OP 8). GEF IW Conference, Budapest 14-18 October, 2000. Organize my comments along Tony’s questions:. Can the IW approach work? Is it working? Is it too early too tell?

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WB Session and OP 8:Observations and tentative ideas of what this means for our work on international waters (OP 8)
  • GEF IW Conference, Budapest
  • 14-18 October, 2000
organize my comments along tony s questions
Organize my comments along Tony’s questions:
  • Can the IW approach work?
  • Is it working?
  • Is it too early too tell?
  • Are there important constraints we are ignoring?
  • What are the implications for the GEF and more specifically for OP 8?
  • Personal views - food for thought!
slide4

OP8 - specific waterbodies with “chronic” problems:

260+ international river basins

50 large marine ecosystems (LME)

Number of shared groundwater aquifers

international waters challenge scope scale no blueprints
International Waters Challenge - Scope & Scale - No blueprints!

Poverty ->Development

Political relations

Insecurity -> Security

Degradation -> Sustainability

q1 can the tda sap approach work
Q1: Can The TDA/SAP Approach Work ?
  • Role of TDA/SAP
    • Arrive at consensus on problems, priorities and actions - common understanding of the problems
      • Okavango - created harmony between the parties
    • Lengthy, time-consuming process; 2-4 yrs often
      • Benguela Current
    • Process (key outcome) more important than the output
    • Similar exercises done before - no blueprints available - all will to a certain extent be unique
    • Ownership created through the process
q1 can the tda sap approach work1
Q1: Can The TDA/SAP Approach Work ?
  • Role of TDA/SAP
    • Can we really go the long way as prescribed by the TDA? Maybe consider to start with smaller, immediate actions - success attracts success!
    • Format requirements - tedious and often difficult!
      • Namibia - Benefit proved faster than the GEF route
    • Overall a useful instrument!
    • Key questions: How to translate the SAP into national actions?
      • Requires national commitment and national processes
q2 is it working
Q2: Is it working?
  • OP 8 Purpose - “remedial actions”
  • Linkage between water resources reform process and regional environmental management objectives often not addressed as required in OP8
  • Little emphasis on use of economic incentives and instruments, when applicable, as management tools
  • Private sector participation limited
  • Involvement of other ministries/sectors - driven by environment and water - Danube - Min. of Ag.
q2 is it working ii
Q2: Is it working (II)?
  • Little attention to lake and wetland management and watershed management (WWF, IUCN)
  • Transboundary implications of dams - WCD??
  • Considerable risks associated with creation of expectations that cannot be realistically achieved and failure to recognize time frames require for results - need for an exit strategy?
  • Dissemination of SAP to the general public, often lacking
  • When do we start work on the ground? Uncertainty
q3 is it too early to tell
Q3: Is it too early to tell?
  • Yes, little environmental improvement so far
    • North-American Great Lakes - six years to set up institutional system; 12 years to see environmental improvements
    • Social outcomes as important in the short/medium term
  • Major accomplishments; over 50 projects
  • First generation IW projects under implementation - too early to assess results!
    • Developed framework for cooperation
    • Second generation just starting
    • Monitoring and evaluation built more effectively in
q4 are there important constraints we are ignoring
Q4: Are there important constraints we are ignoring?
  • Link to poverty alleviation, human health, vulnerability and sustainable development policies in general
  • Overall need for reforms in various sectors; e.g. civil service reform (Lake Victoria)
  • Political climate for reforms uncertain
q5 strategic implications for gef and ias
Q5: Strategic Implications for GEF and IAs?
  • Rewrite OP? No - negotiated document
  • Flexible, pragmatic interpretation/application
  • GEF and IAs need to “walk the talk”
    • Ownership required by the riparians……. but
    • Disbursement schedule has to be followed!
    • Solution - use consultants - local capacity building?
    • Streamlining of procedures; PDF A/B (350’ too small)/C
  • Riparians in the driving seat! - not consultants or IAs
  • but clearer demonstration of commitment required
    • commitment = ownership
q5 strategic implications for gef and ias ii
Q5: Strategic Implications for GEF and IAs (ii)?
  • Sustainability
    • Key approval criteria?
    • Need to strengthen secretariats; stabilize staffing, set realistic budgets - responsibility of the riparians not GEF!
    • Sustainability of investments - requires policy reforms
  • Need to diversify range of national ministries involved and increase emphasis on local governments
  • Give more credibility to existing regional institutions (e.g. West Africa)
q5 strategic implications for gef and ias iii
Q5: Strategic Implications for GEF and IAs (iii)?
  • Involve NGOs more actively and ensure accountability
  • TDAs and SAPs should be prepared by riparians - Facilitators can be provided (Benguela Current)
  • Cooperation not competition between IAs and others! NGOs are tired of watching the infighting
    • multiple IAs - creates difficulties!
  • High transaction costs; delays, funding gaps etc.
  • Need for information sharing, transfer of lessons, comparison of results between the OPs
q5 strategic implications for gef and ias iv
Q5: Strategic Implications for GEF and IAs (iv)?
  • Can one SAP lead to several projects?
  • Ability to deal with acute problems?
  • Long-term involvement/support required (Niger, Chad - long-term program providing bridging mechanism)
  • GEF improve its outreach activities - NGO complaint!
    • should be able to provide clear guidance now
    • clear rules required, goal post should not change during the process
    • GEF vocabulary
    • Qs and comments during this conference reflect this
summary of the challenges
Summary of the Challenges
  • Creating and sustaining dialogue at the basin level - use convening power
  • Identifying and supporting initiatives that create an enabling environment for cooperation
  • Creating partnerships through which initiatives can be supported
  • Creating and sharing a global knowledge base to support collaboration among riparians
  • Supporting development investment in projects that enhance cooperation

Basin Level

The Transboundary River or Lake Basin

  • Promote a new water management and development policy framework in each riparian country
  • Investment should reward and support policy and institutional reform -- not expand or rehabilitate unsustainable infrastructure, nor reward unsustainable policy frameworks

The Riparians

concluding thoughts david grey
Concluding Thoughts (David Grey)
  • Can pick you friends not your neighbors; international waters challenge is to make your neighbor your friends;
  • BUT
  • good fences can make good neighbors!
  • Lesson: no blueprint, comprise, change course
  • &
  • do not let the best be the enemy of the good