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  • Uploaded on “Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.” - Mahatma Gandhi. Chapter 3. Understand the importance of India’s social structure and it’s influence to Hinduism and Buddhism. Mouth. Arms. Thighs.

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strength does not come from physical capacity it comes from an indomitable will mahatma gandhi

“Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.” -Mahatma Gandhi

chapter 3
Chapter 3
  • Understand the importance of India’s social structure and it’s influence to Hinduism and Buddhism.





  • Dharma = Duty & Stability in Society.
  • Caste placement depended on karma.
  • Moksha- Release of the reincarnation cycle.
  • Structure resulted from dharma.
  • People had to do their job!
  • Lower levels began to hate their lives.
  • Questioning of the Hinduism ways.
  • Eventually resulted in people leaving Hinduism for Buddhism.
siddharta gautama
Siddharta Gautama
  • Siddharta was a Prince.
  • Was placed under “House arrest” for his protection.
  • Left to explore the world.
  • This is when he came upon “suffering.”

In order to understand the world and it’s sufferings, Siddharta looked to the world of ascetics.

  • He went through severe conditions and prolonged meditation, until he reached nirvana.
    • End of self and a reunion with the Great World Soul.
  • He began to teach (“Buddha”) these ways.
four noble truths
Four Noble Truths
  • Ordinary life is full of suffering.
  • This suffering is caused by our desire to satisfy ourselves.
four noble truths1
Four Noble Truths
  • The way to end suffering is to end desire for selfish goals and to see others as extensions of ourselves.
  • The way to end desire is to follow the Eightfold Path.
eightfold path
Eightfold Path
  • Right view- We need to know the Four Noble Truths.
  • Right intention- We need to decide what we really want.
  • Right speech- We must seek to speak truth and to speak well of others.
  • Right action- “Do not kill. Do not steal. Do not lie. Do not be unchaste. Do not take drugs or drink alcohol.”
eightfold path1
Eightfold Path
  • Right livelihood- We must do work that uplifts our being.
  • Right effort- We must not give up or ease until we have reached the end.
  • Right mindfulness- We must keep our minds in control of our senses.
  • Right concentration- We must meditate to see the world in a new way.
extra facts
Extra Facts
  • Hittites were the first

to USE iron for

everyday use.


India had always been a set of smaller kingdoms until:

    • Mauryan Dynasty
    • Gupta Dynasty
  • Mauryan Dynasty was known for having what was considered the greatest king of Indian history.
  • Gupta Dynasty was very successful in trading.
    • Traded with China, Mediterranean, and SE Asia.

One of the earliest known civilizations was the Harrappan

  • The longest known poem ever written was the Mahabharata.
  • India’s most famous mathematician was Aryabhata, who created the decimal system of counting in tens.