Background Ancient Egypt Civilization became history in 332 B.C. Mummies were preserved in pyramids. Due to the development of archeology, mummies could be excavated.
The origin The ancient Egyptian religion The English word “Mummy”
The English word “Mummy” Black mummies Asphalt
The ancient Egyptian religion Believing the soul could not live without the body
The ancient Egyptian religion Sunset symbols temporary death of sun Funeral objects
The history The spreading of poetry Literature records Medicine record Fresco
Literature records 《 The Autobiography of Weni 》 The thriving of Old Kingdom The construction of pyramid 《 Book of the Dead》 The vital source of information about Egyptian beliefs Egyptian beliefs about the nature of death and the afterlife
The spreading ofpoetry 《 Aten Ode 》 Religious reform The decline of mummies’ culture
Fresco Fresco Most are tomb chamber frescoes. Frescoes depict the mummification process.
Medicine record 《 Ebers Papyrus 》 It records a heart’s motion and function. It records medicine’s function and use.
Preservation • Set • Arid climate Climate data for Cairo, Egypt
Q1. Do you believe that the mummies only appeared in Egypt when you were a kid? Believe that the mummies only appeared in Egypt when you were a kid.
Q2. What makes you have this idea? The ways which make you believe that the mummies only appeared in Egypt.
Q3.Which place do you suggest that those mummies had appeared？ Right answer The place where modern people suggest that those mummies had appeared.
Q3.Which place do you suggest that those mummies had appeared？ The correct rate of modern people’s answer about the place the mummies had appeared.
Q4.Have you ever known the process to make mummies? Whether modern people have ever known the process to make mummies.
Q4.Have you ever known the process to make mummies? The tube that modern people know the process to make mummies.
Q5. Which materials do you suggest to make mummies? Wrong answers Materials that modern people suggest to make mummies.
Q5. Which materials do you suggest to make mummies? Whether modern people know the materials to make mummies
Q5. Which materials do you suggest to make mummies? Materials that modern people suggest to make mummies.
Q6. Do you believe in the anathemas that those who found Tutankhamun Pharaohs would die? Whether modern people believe the anathemas that those who found Tutankhamun Pharaohs would die.
Conclusion • Ancient Egyptian belief, which is that people can return to life after death. • Ancient literature records. • Preserve mummies by the methods of production and the climatical factors. • Modern people do not understand things about mummies
Reference • http://i.mtime.com/135088/blog/1921909/ • http://amenra0131.pixnet.net/blog/post/451966-%E5%8F%A4%E5%9F%83%E5%8F%8A%E6%9C%A8%E4%B9%83%E4%BC%8A%E7%9A%84%E8%A3%BD%E4%BD%9C%E6%96%B9%E5%BC%8F • http://www.520ufo.com/a/kaogufaxian/20110416/336.html • http://www.douban.com/group/topic/1161261/ • 法老的國度：古埃及文化史，2001年 • 埃及史－神秘與驚奇的古國，2004年