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NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY CENTRE Biomass Department Activities David Sanchez email@example.com EURICLIMA project 13th March 2013, Santiago de Chile
1. Introduction: CENER • 2. Resources and facilities: Biomass Laboratory & CB2G • 3. Activities & Strategic research lines
Vision & Mision 1. Introduction: CENER To be a research centre of excellence in the renewable energies field with international outreach. Vision Mission To generate knowledge in the renewable energy field and to transfer it to the industry in order to boost sustainable energy development.
Science-Technology –Enterprise System- 1. Introduction: CENER Industrial Production Applied research Technological development Engineering Basic research Technological services R&D ProjectsCertificationTests
Activities and ResearchAreas 1. Introduction: CENER • Applied research, technology transfer…. • Assessment, approval, accreditation and certification services. Activities Wind Biomass Solar Photovoltaic Solar Thermal EnergyGridIntegration Energy in Building Areas
CENER in numbers 1. Introduction: CENER The annual 2012 budget is € 21,2 million. 60% self-financing 21,2 M€ 200 employees researchers, technical staff and support personnel 200 100 M€ Total investments (2002-2012): >€100 million More than 200 customers in all five continents
Infraestructures 1. Introduction: CENER Headquarters Sarriguren Wind Test Laboratory Sangüesa Biofuels plant Aoiz Offices: Sevilla Experimental WindFarm Alaiz Microgrid, Sangüesa
ResearchTeam 2. Resources & Facilities • Biomass Laboratory: • Biomass characterisation • Microbiology area • Process area • Analysis: • Chromatography: HPLC, GC_FID, GC_MS. • Biomass characterisation • Biofuel (blends) characterisation
Laboratory 2. Resources & Facilities • Solid Biofuels characterisation: • Moisture • Ashes • Volatiles & fixed Carbon • Calorific Value • Elemmental Analysis(CHN). • Particle size distribution • Pelets durability • Apparent Density
Laboratory 2. Resources & Facilities • Process Development Area • - Reactors • Bio-reactors • Ancillary Equip.
Raw Material Sugars Sugar Platform Biochemical processes Waste Lignin BioFuels BioProducts BioPolymers BioMaterials BIOMASS Cogeneration (CHP) Energy and heat Synthesis gas platform Thermochemical processes Gasification Synthesis gas preparation • CB2G 2. Resources & Facilities • The Second generation Biofuel Centre is a Process Development Units (PDUs) to produce 2nd generation biofuels on a pilot scale level as an intermediate step towards the industrial scale-up of these technologies and as a biorefinery test platform. The CB2G constitutes an integrated trial and demonstration platform designed to develop process, equipment and specific components, new biofuels and to apply bio-refinery concepts to biofuels production processes. • The CB2G is a R&D infrastructure managed by CENER with the collaboration of CIEMAT in the definition, design and scientific and technological management.
CB2G – ProcessUnits: General overview 2. Resources & Facilities
CB2G – ProcessUnits 2. Resources & Facilities • Pretreatment Unit: Capacity: 2MWt - 500 KgBiomass/h • Chipping for woody biomass. • Chopping for herbaceous biomass • Drying • Torrefaction • Milling. • Pelletizing • In operation from 2008 • Thermo-Chemical Unit: Gasification unit: Capacity 2 MWt-500 Kg Biomass/h • Gasification Island • Thermal Oxidizer and Flue gases treatment • In operation from Q4 2012 • Biochemical Process Unit: Capacity: Up to 1.500 kg biomass / week • Pretreatment. • Solid / Liquid Fractionation • Biological Processes (Enzymatic Hydrolysis & fermentation). • In operation from Q1 2013
Chipper & Chopper Drying Unit Milling Units Pelleting Unit Torrefaction reactor • CB2G – Pretreatment Unit 2. Resources & Facilities Pelletizing unit
CB2G - GasificationUnit 2. Resources & Facilities
CB2G – BiochemicalUnit 2. Resources & Facilities • Thisunitincludesenzymatichydrolysis • and fermentationreactors
MainActivities • 3. Activities & Strategic research lines • Biomass Resources Assessment, Production and Sustainable Management: • Biomass resources assessment. Supply & logistics studies, GHG & Energy balances, Sustainability studies • Biofuels: • Solid Biofuels: Densification & Energetic characterisation • Liquid Biofuels: Bioethanol: & Biodiesel : Process Development; Production Technologies Assessment, • Lignocellulosicethanol pretreatment, • Microalgae extraction & valorisation. • Thermal chemical processes: • Solid Bioenergy carriers by means of Torrefaction • Gasification and gas-cleaning technologies. • Development of second-generation biofuels via thermo chemical process.
StrategicResearchLines • 3. Activities & Strategic research lines • Solid Bioenergy Carriers Development: • Torrefaction process Development • Alternative Raw Materials Pellets Development • Sustainability Studies • Development and Application of Sustainability Schemes to Advanced Bioenergy Carriers • Bio-alcohols from alternative feed-stocks • Optimization of pre-treatment process for lignocellulosic materials • Development of anaerobic fermentative processes • Microalgae • Development of valorisation (extraction and conversion) of microalgae • Gasification of biomass process optimization • Syngas cleaning process development • Analysis of ashes and inorganic compounds behaviour • BFB gasification process optimization
Example of activities: Optimization of pretratament • 3. Activities & Strategic research lines • Continuous stirred horizontal reactor • High flexibility in feedstocks: lignocellulosic feedstocks such herbaceous and woody, considering as well the OFMSW • Particle size: from 6 up to 12 mm • Feed flow: up to 5 kg/h (dry matter) • Temperature: up to 200ºC • Pressure: from 2 bars up to 14,5 bars • Catalyst: acid, alkalis • Residence time at Maximumrate: 5 min • Hot supply: boiler steam • Processes developed:Liquid hot water // Diluted acid hydrolysis // Hydrothermal Figure: Bench unit under construction
Example of activities: Optimization of pretratament • 3. Activities & Strategic research lines • Objetivo Biorefinería: • Aprovechamiento integral de la biomasa lignocelulósica (lignina, celulosa, hemicelulosa, proteínas, productos de degradación…) • Optimizar la producción de azúcares y convertir éstos en otros bioproductos (alcoholes, hidrocarburos, etc.) Kamm y Kamm (2004). Biorefinery- Systems. Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly,
Example of activities: Torrefaction (1) • 3. Activities & Strategic research lines • The core of the process equipment is the torrefaction reactor of special design manufactured by LIST AG (www.list.ch): • It is a cylindrical horizontal reactor with an agitator shaft and attached elements of special design procuring axial transport characteristic for all kind of biomass, radial product homogenisation inside the reactor and excellent heat transfer conditions. • Reactor heating is carried out indirectly through the hot reactor walls, the actively heated shaft tube and the actively heated internal shaft elements using thermal oil as heat transfer fluid.
Example of activities: Torrefaction (2) • 3. Activities & Strategic research lines • Example: torrefied beech wood pellet (low-medium torrefactiondegree, 14-22 % daf basis)
Example of activities: Microalgae • 3. Activities & Strategic research lines • ENERGREEN project :The evaluation of alternative extraction and biodiesel conversion systems. • Biodiesel production from Chlorella lipid • 1. Saponification: Lipids+ ethanol+ KOH • 2. Methylation: reaction with acetyl chloride( 5:95) v/v INSAPONIFIABLE FRACTION SAPONIFIABLE FRACTION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS • Thank so much for your attention • The construction of the plant has been financed by the Government of Navarre (Navarre Plan 2012) and by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (National Programme for Scientific-Technological Infrastructures).
www.cener.com THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION!!