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10/03/2010. The Bluest Eye. Cavit Can Mutgan Ayse Irmak Sen Berk Sami Gönül Elif Kırcuval Section B-2. c ause you are beautiful no matter what they say. You will be informed about…. Brief Information about novel and the author (Ayşe)

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the bluest eye



Cavit Can Mutgan

Ayse Irmak Sen

Berk Sami Gönül

Elif Kırcuval

Section B-2

cause you are beautiful no matter what they say

you will be informed about
You will be informed about…
  • BriefInformationaboutnovelandtheauthor (Ayşe)
  • Ideaswhichcould be bear in mindduringourpresentation(Elif)
  • HistoricalContext:(Berk)
  • CyclicalStorytellingandconcept of time in thenovel(Elif)
    • Autumn
    • Winter
    • Spring
    • Summer
  • Coming of age(Ayşe&Can)
    • Pecola
    • Cholly
    • Claudia
  • References
brief information

TheAuthor: ToniMorrison

  • 1931-Lorain/Ohio
  • StudiedHumanities in University
  • The Nobel Prize in Literature 1993

Retrieved May8, 2010 from:

brief information1
  • Publishdate: 1970
  • Morrison’sfirstnovel
  • Setting: Lorain, Ohio 1940-1941 (Morrison’shometown)

Retrieved May8, 2010from:

during our presentation please bear in mind those ideas
Duringourpresentationpleasebear in mindthoseideas:
  • Thedistinctionbetweenrichwhitefamiliesandpoorblackfamilies at 1940s
  • Definition of beautyaccordingtothenovel
  • Sexualabusement
  • Lack of sexualsatisfactionandmentalsatisfaction
  • Loss of innoncenceduringcoming of age
historical context the great migration


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Didyourealizetheconceptgreatmigration in thenovel “TheBluestEye”?

Pauline,Cholly,Geraldinewascoming Ohio fromSoutherncities.

great migration
  • The movement of 1.75 million AfricanAmericans out of theSouthern United States to theNorth, Midwest and West from 1910 to 1930/40 - from the docks of Norfolk, Savannah, Jacksonville, Tampa, Mobile, New Orleans, and Galveston: from the cotton fields of Mississippi, and the coal mines and steel-mills of Alabama and Tennessee.

Whatcausesmigration?Is it justbecause of thejobopportunities? Can youadaptthistype of migrationtoourcountry?


"I witnessed the sending North from a southern city in one day a crowd estimated at twenty-five hundred. They were shipped on a train run in three sections, packed in day coaches, with all their baggage and other impedimenta." Statingthat it was a journey into freedom.

James Weldon Johnson

NationalAssociationfortheAdvancementof ColoredPeople

Retrieved May8, 2010from:

  • Urban tensions rose as African Americans and recent European immigrants, both groups chiefly from rural societies, competed for jobs and housing with the white ethnic working class.
  • Tensions were often most severe between ethnic Irish, defending their positions, and recent immigrants andblacks.

In your opinion does the migration form similar cause in our country?


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  • Integrated into society.

The divide existing between them

became increasingly stark.

Theysustained many Southern

cultural and linguistic traits, such

cultural differences created a sense

of "otherness“.

Can yougive an exampleaboutthisintegration in thenovel?

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Pauline is beinghumiliatedby her neighborsbecauseshecamefromsouthandfinallyshefeelslikeshemustactlikethem.

second great migration
  • More than 5 million AfricanAmericans from the South to the other three regions of the United States.
  • Took place place from 1941, through WorldWar II, and lasted until 1970.
  • To take jobs in the burgeoning industrial cities and especially the jobs in the defense industry during World War II.

CyclicalStorytellingandthetheme “time” in thenovel:

  • “The Seasons for Growth program is based not on a linear view of life but rather on cyclical view of the world.”

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“It uses a metaphor:the four seasons of the annual calendar.

  • The seasons never “end”. Autumn is followed by winter, which is followed by spring, and which is followed by summer, and then we’re into autumn again, and so on.
  • The seasons never end. They just change.”

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WhythatMorrisonusedthistype of storytelling?

Toshowthatthis is not specificevent, it is alwaysrepeating, justpersonandplace is different but theevent is same.


“Each of the seasons has a meaning which flows from the previous and which leads on to the next season.”

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  • Experienceloss
                  • The fruits drop to the ground
                  • The flowers are no more
                  • The season of harvesting

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  • The flourishing summer is no longer with us

“So when i think of autumn ,I think of somebody with hands who does not want me to die.” (Claudia)

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  • Experience the pain of this loss
  • In the cold of the season, we tend to go inwards

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What is thepain, in otherwordsthereasonforgoinginwardsforPecola,ClaudiaandFriedaduringtheWinter of thenovel?

w inter
  • Suffer from the lack of what is no longer with us.
  • What can be thislacknessaccordingtobook?

“you nasty little black bitch” (p.92)”

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“If she was cute– and if anything could be believed, she was– then we were not. And what did that mean? We were lesser. Nicer, brighter, but still lesser. Dolls we could destroy, but we could not destroy the honey voices of parents and aunts, the obedience in the eyes of our peers, the slippery light in the eyes of our teachers when they encountered the Maureen Peals of the world. What was the secret? What did we lack? Why wasit important? And so what?” (p.74)


“Outside, the March wind blew into the rip in her dress. She held her head down against the cold. But shecould not hold it lowenoughtoavoidseeingthesnowflakesfallinganddying on thepavement.” (p.93)

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  • Experience the thrill of the rebirth of new life
  • Remember the coldness of winter
  • Look ahead to the potential of new growth, new energy, new prospects of life.
  • Whatcould be rebirth , newprospects of life can be forPecola in thespringseason?

“They beat us differently in the spring. Instead of the dull pain of a winter strap, there were these new green switches that lost their sting long after the whipping was over.” (p.97)

“Even now spring for me is shot through with the remembered ache of switchings, and forsythia holds no cheer.” (p.97)


Why do you think that Morrisonwrote about Cholly's, SoapheadChurch's and Pauline's life stories in the spring section?

  • Because spring is a new beginning and in that section the Morrison talked about the events that changed their lives.
  • Whatdoessummerremindsyou?
  • Looking outwards,satisfaction, pleasure, delight of happiness
  • Can yourelatethisadjectiveswiththesummer of thePecola?
  • Do youthink is thereirony?
  • “Itremainsforme a season of storms.” p.187
  • However, FriedaandClaudiaaresearchingforPecola’sgood

The enjoyment of the fullness oflife:

Can werelatethisspeciality of summertoPecola?

“I wantthembluesopeopledon’t do uglythings in front of meand I stop beinginvisible.”

  • Experinceloss:
  • Pecola’s baby dies in autumn.
another aspect of cyclical storytelling
Anotheraspect of CyclicalStorytelling:
  • DickandJaneStories…
  • Hereisthehouse.Itisgreenandwhite.Ithasareddoor.Itisverypretty.Hereisthefamily.Mother,Father,Dick,andJaneliveinthegreenandwhitehouse.Theyareveryhappy. SeeJane.Shehasareddress.Shewantstoplay.WhowillplaywithJane.TheKittenwillnotplay.Seemother.Motherisverynice.Mother,willyouplaywithJane? Motherlaughs. Laugh,Mother,laugh.SeeFather.Heisbigandstrong. Fatherissmiling.Smile,Father,smile.Seethedog. Bowwowgoesthedog.DoyouwanttoplaywithJane?Seethedogrun.Run,dogrun.Look,lookherecomesafriend. ThefriendwillplaywithJane.Theywillplayagoodgame. Play,Jane,play.

Everychildren is start toreadingwiththesebooks. Andthisbooksarealwaysincludingsamethingssoeverytimethesameprejudice is occuring. It is cyclicaltoo.

coming of age
Coming of Age
  • Is coming of age is justoneeraor it lastsduringall life? Can yourelateyouranswertothenovelbyusingthecharactersPecola ,Cholly,Pauline?
  • Coming of ageconcept is beingusedforteenageryears , however in thisbookwe can seeeveryyear can be thekeypoint of thepeople’s life.

Can wedistinguishthecoming of age’s of people as succesfulorunsuccessful ?

  • Duringthecoming of age , accordingtotheexternalfactorswecreate a solutionforourselvestoescapeoridentifytheeventswhichweareliving in otherwordswecreateour motto tosurvive in theworld.
pecola breedlove
  • Retrieved May8, 2010

To be Beautiful

supporting material from the novel


“Pecolalovedthem,visitedthem,rantheirerrands. They , in turn , did not despise her.”

supporting material from the novel1


“Friedaand I stoppedfightingeachotherandconcentrated on ourguest, trying hard tokeep her fromfeelingoutdoors.”

supporting material from the novel2


“Weknewshewasfond of theShirleyTemple cup andtookeveryopportunitytodrinkoutmilk of it justtohandleandseesweetShirley’ face.”

“Threepennies had bought her nine lovelyorgasmswihMaryJane. LovelyMaryJane, forwhom a candy is named.”

supporting material from the novel3

Viceto be beauty:

“Why,look at pretty-eyedPecola. Wemustn’t do badthings in front of thoseprettyeyes.”

cholly breedlove


coming of age through claudia
Coming of AgethroughClaudia




BeinghappywhengettingcandiesthroughMr. Henry

Frieda: “Somebody has toloveyou.”


“I look at mychest.’I don’thavenothingtopinch. I’mnevergoingtohavenothing.’” p.100

Retrieved May8, 2010


“A coldwindblewsomewhere in me, lifting littleleaves of terrorandobscurelonging.” p.77


adults vs themselves
Adults vs Themselves

“We do not heartheirwords…” p.14

various first experience actions


extreme feelings thoughts
ExtremeFeelings &Thoughts

reference list

Denning, S. (2004). Cyclical vs linear storytelling in organizational change. Storytelling In The News: #109. Retrieved from:

Hallie,G. TheBluestEyestudyguide. [PDF document]. Retrieved from Steppen WolfOnline Web site:

Marks, C. (1989) Farewell, We're Good and Gone: The Great Black MigrationIndiana University Press (Bloomington)

Morrison, T. (1993). TheBluestEye. New York: Vintagebooks.

Retrieved May8, 2010

Retrieved May8, 2010 from: