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Chapter 3 Problems. ECET 214 Prof. Park NJIT. Problem 1. Which of the following is not an advantage of a synchronous detection? a. Low distortion b. Eliminate diagonal clipping c. Greater ability to follow fast-modulated signals d. Ability to produce gain. Problem 2.

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chapter 3 problems

Chapter 3 Problems

ECET 214

Prof. Park

NJIT

problem 1
Problem 1

Which of the following is not an advantage of a synchronous detection?

a. Low distortion

b. Eliminate diagonal clipping

c. Greater ability to follow fast-modulated signals

d. Ability to produce gain

problem 2
Problem 2

The mixer is often referred to as:

a. RF amplifier

b. oscillator generator

c. second detector

d. first detector

problem 3
Problem 3

Varactor diodes are used for tuning by:

a. capacitance adjustment through a reverse bias diode.

b. capacitance adjustment through forward bias.

c. temperature compensation of diodes.

d. all of the above.

problem 4
Problem 4

In a varactor diode, as voltage increases, capacitance:

a. increases

b. stays the same

c. decreases

d. none of the above

problem 5
Problem 5

The only roadblock to having complete receivers on a chip aside from station selection and volume controls is:

a. limiting factors of tuned circuits.

b. local oscillator.

c. mixer circuits.

d. IF amplifier.

problem 6
Problem 6

The radio receiver that simply consists of an RF amplifier, detector, and audio amplifier is known as:

a. a superheterodyne receiver

b. a TRF receiver

c. a selective receiver

d. a sensitive receiver

problem 7
Problem 7

A receiver’s sensitivity is:

a. the extent to which a receiver is capable of differentiating between the desired signal and other signals.

b. its ability to drive the output speaker to an acceptable level.

c. the ability of the receiver to demodulate a modulated signal.

d. the ability of a receiver to attenuate noise signals.

problem 8
Problem 8

A receiver’s selectivity is:

a. the extent to which a receiver is capable of differentiating between the desired signal and other signals.

b. its ability to drive the output speaker to an acceptable level.

c. the ability of the receiver to demodulate a modulated signal.

d. the ability of a receiver to attenuate noise signals.

problem 9
Problem 9

If a receiver is overly selective:

a. too much noise is picked up and amplified by the receiver.

b. only part of the bandwidth of the AM signal is amplified, causing some of the sideband information to be lost and distortion results.

c. the tank circuits within the tuned amplifiers have insufficient Q.

d. when the volume control is turned up to maximum, the desired station is very weak.

problem 10
Problem 10

If a receiver is underselective:

a. only part of the bandwidth of the AM signal is amplified, causing some of the sideband information to be lost and distortion results.

b. the tank circuits within the tuned amplifiers have too high a Q.

c. when the volume control is turned up to maximum, the desired station is very weak.

d. more than one radio station on different frequencies may be picked up by the receiver at the same time.

problem 11
Problem 11

A TRF receiver is to be designed with a single tuned circuit using an 8.2 uH inductor. If the frequency is to be tuned from 550 kHz to 1600 kHz, find the BW that results at 550 kHz if there is exactly 10 kHz BW at a frequency of 1050 kHz.

a. 105 kHz

b. 15.24 kHz

c. 5.24 kHz

d. 10 kHz

problem 12
Problem 12

The diode detector:

a. is one of the simplest and most effective AM detectors.

b. consists of a nonlinear diode and low-pass filter.

c. is sometimes referred to as an envelope detector.

d. all of the above.

problem 13
Problem 13

Which is not an advantage of diode detectors?

a. Power absorbed from the tuned circuit by the diode detector reduces the Q of the tuned circuit.

b. They develop a readily usable dc voltage for automatic gain control circuits.

c. They are highly efficient.

d. Distortion decreases as the amplitude of the AM signal increases.

problem 14
Problem 14

Diagonal clipping:

a. occurs if the time constant of the low-pass filter is too large compared to the period of the RF waveform.

b. is a type of distortion that occurs with diode detectors.

c. is characterized by having the capacitor voltage not follow the full changes of the envelope of the AM waveform.

d. all of the above.

problem 15
Problem 15

Synchronous detectors:

a. are often called product detectors.

b. offer low distortion compared to diode detectors.

c. have the ability to provide gain.

d. all of the above.

problem 16
Problem 16

The superheterodyne receiver design is superior to the TRF design:

a. since it allows for a constant selectivity over the entire tuning range of the receiver.

b. since it always uses synchronous detectors instead of diode detectors.

c. since it uses many RF amplifier stages before the RF signal is mixed with the local oscillator signal.

d. all of the above.

problem 17
Problem 17

An AM signal having a carrier frequency of 560 kHz is to be mixed with a local oscillator signal at a frequency of 1035 kHz. What does the output of the IF amplifier consist of?

a. a 455 kHz carrier

b. a 475 kHz sinewave

c. a 475 kHz AM signal

d. the original intelligence signal

problem 18
Problem 18

In Figure 3-1, the output signal of stage (e) is:

a. an AM signal with a carrier frequency of 490 kHz.

b. an AM signal with a carrier frequency of 1850 kHz.

c. a 490 kHz sinewave.

d. an 1850 kHz sinewave.

problem 19
Problem 19

In Figure 3-1, the output signal of stage (d) is:

a. an AM signal with a carrier frequency of 490 kHz.

b. an AM signal with a carrier frequency of 1360 kHz.

c. a 490 kHz sinewave.

d. a 1 kHz sinewave.

problem 20
Problem 20

In Figure 3-1, the output of stage (a) is:

a. an AM signal with a carrier frequency of 1360 kHz.

b. an AM signal with a carrier frequency of 1850 kHz.

c. a 490 kHz sinewave.

d. an 1850 kHz sinewave.

problem 21
Problem 21

In Figure 3-1, the output signal of stage (c) is:

a. an AM signal with a carrier signal of 490 kHz.

b. an AM signal with a carrier frequency of 1360 kHz.

c. a 490 kHz sinewave.

d. a 1 kHz sinewave.

problem 22
Problem 22

In Figure 3-1, the receiver design is known as:

a. regenerative

b. superheterodyne

c. TRF

d. synchronous

problem 23
Problem 23

In Figure 3-1, the stage sometimes referred to as the first detector is:

a. stage a

b. stage b

c. stage c

d. stage d

problem 24
Problem 24

In Figure 3-1, the stages that contain tuned circuits are:

a. stages a, b and d.

b. stages a, b and c.

c. stages a, d and e.

d. stages a, c and d.

problem 25
Problem 25

In Figure 3-1, the stages that must contain nonlinear devices are:

a. stages a, b and c.

b. stages a and e.

c. stages b and d.

d. stages b and c.

problem 26
Problem 26

In Figure 3-1, the image

frequency would be:

a. 980 kHz

b. 2340 kHz

c. 1850 kHz

d. 870 kHz

problem 27
Problem 27

A padder capacitor:

a. is placed in series with the tank inductor to provide tracking at the low end of a large frequency band.

b. is placed in parallel with each section of the ganged capacitors of the tank to provide tracking at the high end of a large frequency band.

c. is placed in an RF amplifier to provide for proper neutralization.

d. is placed in a tank circuit to provide for electronic tuning.

problem 28
Problem 28

A trimmer capacitor:

a. is placed in series with the tank inductor to provide tracking at the low end of a large frequency band.

b. is placed in parallel with each section of the ganged capacitor of the tank to provide tracking at the high end of a large frequency band.

c. is placed in an RF amplifier to provide for proper neutralization.

d. is placed in a tank circuit to provide for electronic tuning.

problem 29
Problem 29

A varicap:

a. is placed in series with the tank inductor to provide tracking at the low end of a large frequency band.

b. is placed in parallel with each section of the ganged capacitors of the tank to provide tracking at the high end of a large frequency band.

c. is placed in an RF amplifier to provide for proper neutralization.

d. is placed in a tank circuit to provide for electronic tuning.

problem 31
Problem 31

Image frequency rejection on a standard AM broadcast

band receiver is not a major problem since:

a. the image frequency is not close to the IF frequency.

b. the image frequency is not close to the LO frequency.

c. the image frequency is not produced by mixing action.

d. the image frequency is so far away from the RF amplifier stage’s tuned frequency.

problem 32
Problem 32

Which of the following is not a major benefit of

using RF amplifier stages in superheterodyne

receiver design?

a. improved image frequency rejection

b. larger frequency tuning range

c. more gain resulting in improved sensitivity

d. improved noise characteristics

problem 33
Problem 33

Which of the following is not an advantage of FETs

over BJTs in RF amplifier usage?

a. Their input impedance does not load down the Q of the circuit preceding the FET stage.

b. The availability of dual gate FETs provides an isolated injection point for the AGC.

c. Their input/output square-law relationship allows for lower distortion levels.

d. They have improved image frequency rejection.

problem 34
Problem 34

An autodyne mixer is:

a. a stage that provides the mixing and generates the LO at the same time.

b. a mixer that uses a dual-gate FET.

c. a mixer that automatically provides for AGC action.

d. a stage that mixes the LO with the AM signal without the use of a transistor.

problem 35
Problem 35

In a superheterodyne receiver the bulk of the

receiver’s sensitivity and selectivity is due to the:

a. RF amplifier stages.

b. converter stages.

c. IF amplifier stages.

d. local oscillator.

problem 36
Problem 36

Double conversion is:

a. a receiver design that uses two superheterodyne receivers to receive a weak signal.

b. a technique used to reduce image frequency problems in a superheterodyne receiver.

c. a technique used to solve the TRF tuning problems.

d. a method that ensures that a superheterodyne receiver does not break into oscillations due to stray positive feedback.

problem 37
Problem 37

The circuit of Figure 3-2 is an

example of:

a. an RF mixer, local oscillator, and IF filter

b. an autodyne mixer

c. a receive converter

d. all of the above

problem 38
Problem 38

In Figure 3-2, the tank circuit

made up of L1 and C1 is

tuned at:

a. the IF frequency.

b. the LO frequency.

c. the RF carrier frequency.

d. the image frequency.

problem 39
Problem 39

In Figure 3-2, the tank circuit

made up of L4 and C4 is

tuned at:

a. the IF frequency.

b. the LO frequency.

c. the RF carrier frequency.

d. the image frequency.

problem 40
Problem 40

In Figure 3-2, the tank circuit

made up of L5 and C5 is

tuned at:

a. the IF frequency.

b. the LO frequency.

c. the RF carrier frequency.

d. the image frequency.

problem 41
Problem 41

In Figure 3-2, the purpose of C3 is:

a. to determine the frequency of oscillation of the LO.

b. to couple the local oscillator frequency from the tank circuit to be amplified by Q1.

c. to act as a bypass capacitor for R3.

d. to neutralize the RF amplifier stage.

problem 42
Problem 42

The AGC control voltage:

a. is actually the dc voltage component produced by the mixing action in the AM demodulator stage.

b. varies as the signal strength of the received signal varies.

c. is a negative feedback voltage.

d. is produced by an RC circuit having a much larger time constant than that of the detector.

e. all of the above.

problem 43
Problem 43

In Figure 3-3, the tank circuit made up of L1, A, and B is tuned to:

a. the LO frequency.

b. the RF carrier frequency.

c. the IF frequency.

d. the image frequency.

problem 44
Problem 44

In Figure 3-3, the tank circuit made up of L4, C, and D is tuned to:

a. the LO frequency.

b. the RF carrier frequency.

c. the IF frequency.

d. the image frequency.

problem 45
Problem 45

In Figure 3-3, the tank circuit inside of T1 is tuned to:

a. the LO frequency.

b. the RF carrier frequency.

c. the IF frequency.

d. the image frequency.

problem 46
Problem 46

In Figure 3-3, the transistor Q1 is used as:

a. the nonlinear device in an RF mixer stage.

b. the active part of an RF amplifier.

c. the active part of an LO stage.

d. all of the above.

problem 47
Problem 47

In Figure 3-3, the transistor Q2 is used as:

a. an RF mixer stage transistor.

b. an IF amplifier stage transistor.

c. a detector transistor.

d. an audio amplifier stage transistor.

problem 48
Problem 48

In Figure 3-3, the transistor Q3 is used as:

a. an RF mixer stage transistor.

b. an IF amplifier stage transistor.

c. a detector transistor.

d. an audio amplifier stage transistor.

problem 49
Problem 49

In Figure 3-3, the transistor Q4 is used as:

a. an RF mixer stage transistor.

b. an IF amplifier stage transistor.

c. a detector transistor.

d. an audio amplifier stage transistor.

problem 50
Problem 50

In Figure 3-3, the AM demodulation is accomplished by:

a. transistor - Q3.

b. diode - E1.

c. diode - E2.

d. transistor - Q4.

problem 51
Problem 51

In Figure 3-3, the filter that produces the AGC voltage consists of:

a. R11 and C11.

b. R5 and C4.

c. R11 and C12.

d. R10 and C10.

problem 52
Problem 52

In Figure 3-3, the inductors L1 and L2 function as:

a. an IF transformer.

b. a loopstick antenna.

c. part of the local oscillator.

d. a nonlinear mixer.

problem 53
Problem 53

In Figure 3-3, the transformer, T3, is tuned to:

a. the intelligence frequencies.

b. the RF carrier frequency of the received station.

c. the IF frequency.

d. the local oscillator frequency.

problem 54
Problem 54

In Figure 3-3, the selectivity is accomplished by:

a. T1, T2, and T3.

b. L1 and L2.

c. L3 and L4.

d. R11 and C11.

problem 55
Problem 55

In Figure 3-3, E1 functions as:

a. an auxillary AGC diode.

b. a mixer diode.

c. an AM detector diode.

d. an IF amplifier diode.

problem 56
Problem 56

In Figure 3-3, the volume is controlled by adjusting:

a. T3

b. R12

c. capacitors B and D

d. R17

problem 57
Problem 57

The reference level for the unit, dBm, is:

a. the milliwatt.

b. the milliampere.

c. the watt.

d. the millivolt.

problem 58
Problem 58

In Figure 3-4, the power

driven into the audio

amplifier stage is:

a. 2.51W.

b. 2.51 mW.

c. 0.398 mW.

d. 398 mW.

problem 59
Problem 59

The conversion gain of

the mixer in Figure 3-4 is:

a. -81 dB

b. 3 dB

c. -3 dB

d. -78 dB

problem 60
Problem 60

The total gain of the entire

receiver in Figure 3-4 from

the antenna input to the

audio amplifier output is:

a. 89 dB.

b. 59 dB.

c. 119 dB.

d. 30 dBm.

problem 61
Problem 61

The power gain of the

audio amplifier in Figure

3-4 expressed as a ratio

quantity is approximately:

a. 1000.

b. 2512.

c. 34 dB.

d. 30 dBm.

problem 62
Problem 62

A receiver has a dynamic range of 65 dB. It has a

sensitivity of 0.88 nW. The maximum allowable

input signal is approximately:

a. 1.56 uW.

b. 278 mW.

c. 2.78 mW.

d. 156 uW.

problem 63
Problem 63

A receiver has a maximum input signal of 75

mW before distortion occurs. Its sensitivity is

measured to be 1.5 nW. Its dynamic range is

approximately:

a. 47 dB.

b. 77 dB.

c. 154 dB.

d. 87 dB.

problem 64
Problem 64

Good troubleshooting practice says:

a. perform a visual check and check the power supply voltages.

b. prepare a trouble report

c. log the serial and model number

d. check the power supply voltages

e. none of the above

problem 65
Problem 65

Electronics Workbench Multisim provides a feature

that allows for the addition of a component fault in

a circuit. This is accomplished by:

a. replacing the part with an F-prefix part

b. replacing the part with a non model part

c. double-clicking on the component, select fault and specify the type of failure

d. all of the above

e. none of the above