History 10 The North-South Gap
North South Gap • Term used to describe the economic gap between the rich northern countries of the world and the south poorer countries of the world • 80% of the world’s population live in the south and own about 20% of the world’s wealth • These people deal with malnutrition, no clean water and food, no health care, etc.
Northern Hemisphere You Live Here Southern Hemisphere
Classifying Countries (cont’d) • The current system uses the following terms: • more developed countries (MDCs) • richest of industrialized nations, high quality of life, good health care, highly educated population • less developed countries (LDCs) • Little industrial development, little wealth, high population growth • least developed countries (LLDCs) • Includes 36 extremely poor countries, low income, low literacy rates, and little industry
Definitions to Know • GNP/GDP- $ a country makes • PQLI- Personal Quality of Life (Index) • Life Expectancy- how long you are expected to live • Birth Rate- how many babies born in a year • Death Rate- how many people die that year • Infant Mortality Rate- rate babies that die in the first year • Literacy Rate- how many people can read