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megan-kerr

History 10 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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History 10
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  1. History 10 The North-South Gap

  2. North South Gap • Term used to describe the economic gap between the rich northern countries of the world and the south poorer countries of the world • 80% of the world’s population live in the south and own about 20% of the world’s wealth • These people deal with malnutrition, no clean water and food, no health care, etc.

  3. Northern Hemisphere You Live Here Southern Hemisphere

  4. Classifying Countries (cont’d) • The current system uses the following terms: • more developed countries (MDCs) • richest of industrialized nations, high quality of life, good health care, highly educated population • less developed countries (LDCs) • Little industrial development, little wealth, high population growth • least developed countries (LLDCs) • Includes 36 extremely poor countries, low income, low literacy rates, and little industry

  5. Definitions to Know • GNP/GDP- $ a country makes • PQLI- Personal Quality of Life (Index) • Life Expectancy- how long you are expected to live • Birth Rate- how many babies born in a year • Death Rate- how many people die that year • Infant Mortality Rate- rate babies that die in the first year • Literacy Rate- how many people can read