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The Middle Ages I 590-1517. Monks, Popes, and Barbies. Middle Ages. Dark Ages Golden Years. Clovis King of the Franks. Barbarian chieftain of the Frankish people Converted, largely through the influence of his wife Clotild Constantine like conversion experience before the battle of Tolbiac

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the middle ages i 590 1517

The Middle Ages I590-1517

Monks, Popes, and Barbies

middle ages
Middle Ages

Dark Ages

Golden Years

clovis king of the franks
Clovis King of the Franks
  • Barbarian chieftain of the Frankish people
  • Converted, largely through the influence of his wife Clotild
  • Constantine like conversion experience before the battle of Tolbiac
  • Began the conversion of all the barbarians, through missionary as well as axe work.
monks monkery and monasticism1
Monks, Monkery, and Monasticism
  • Started by St. Antony in mid 3rd century
  • Emphasis on celibacy, asceticism, and purity
  • Desired separation from the world in order to obtain purity
  • Came up with some crazy ideas like Simon Stylitus
  • Systematized by Benedict in the early 6th century.
  • Became a punishment used to eliminate heirs to the throne without killing them
st antony 250 357
St. Antony 250-357
  • Became a monk at age 20
  • Was inspired by the words of Mt. 19:21-22
  • Sold his goods, gave much away, took care of his sister and ran away to a tomb
  • Tomb got crowded so he started a monastery in the mountains
st antony 250 3571
St. Antony 250-357
  • Fought with the Devil in many times and ways
  • Desired to be a martyr
  • Performed many miracles
  • Uneducated, but wise
  • Debated with Pagans
st benedict
St. Benedict
  • Father of modern monasticism
  • Monk at age 15
  • “Knowledgeably ignorant and wisely unlearned”
  • Performed many miracles
  • Formed many small monasteries with 12 monks and one abbot
  • Lived out of the world to save the world
  • Wrote out the Regula Benedicti “Rule of Benedict”
rule of benedict
Rule of Benedict
  • Democratic government, Abbot-provost-deans
  • 1 year trial for initiates
  • “Ora et Labora” Prayer & Manual Labor
  • Threefold vow
    • Stabilitas – adherence to the monastic order
    • Conversio Morum – poverty, chastity, piety
    • Obedientia coram Deo et sanctis ejus – Absolute obedience to the Abbot – the cardinal virtue of the monk.
  • Preserved many classics through libraries
gregory the great 540 604
Gregory The Great 540-604
  • Born into a wealthy family
  • Well educated
  • Gave up prefecture of Rome, sold his belongings and built a St. Andrews monastery where he became a Benedictine monk
  • Later became ambassador to Constantinople, then Abbot of St. Andrews
  • He is reluctantly appointed Bishop of Rome, and initiates a march against the Plague which ends miraculously.
gregory the great 540 6041
Gregory The Great 540-604
  • Becomes pope in 590
  • Takes over in Rome due to absent emperor even in military affairs
  • Defended the city from a Lombard invasion.
  • Humbly enforces the Roman supremacy over all other churches.
gregory the great 540 6042
Gregory The Great 540-604
  • Doctor Ecclesia – Wrote Liber pastoralis curae “book on the office of Bishop” also wrote Dialogues
  • Maybe initiated Gregorian Chant
  • Sent a team of 30 monk missionaries to the Anglo-Saxons ultimately resulting in their conversion
the heliand saxon gospel circa 8 th century
The Heliand (Saxon Gospel) Circa 8th century

Fadar ûsa firiho barno, thu bist an them hôhon himila rîkea, geuuîhid sî thîn namo uuordo gehuuilico. Cuma thîn craftag rîki. Uuerða thîn uuilleo obar thesa uuerold alla, sô sama an erðo, sô thar uppa ist an them hôhon himilo rîkea. Gef ûs dago gehuuilikes râd, drohtin the gôdo, thîna hêlaga helpa, endi alât ûs, hebenes uuard, managoro mênsculdio, al sô uue ôðrum mannum dôan. Ne lât ûs farlêdean lêða uuihti sô forð an iro uuilleon, sô uui uuirðige sind, ac help ûs uuiðar allun ubilon dâdiun.