Do You Know Where You Live? You live in a place that used to be a forest!
What Lives in a Forest?Native Plants • Native Plants have lived here for thousands of years • Native Plants are food. • Feed Insects which are food to small mammals and birds. • They are the start of the food chain.
Shag Bark Hickory • Name Algonquin “Pohickery” • Flowers at age 20 • Hickory nuts at age 40 • Life span 200-300 years
Shag Bark Hickory • 70-100 Feet Tall • If the forest is left alone for hundreds of years you will find more hickories than any other tree.
Insects that Use Hickories • Hickory Horned Devil • Largest Caterpillar in North America • Comes out in Late Summer/Early Fall
American Beech • Smooth Grey Bark • It takes 10 years to make seeds. • Beeches can live 300 to 400 years.
American Beech • Beech nuts were eaten by Native Americans. • Many Insects, Birds and animals use this tree for homes and food too.
Native Trees are Very Important • Trees Feed Insects • Trees Feed Birds • Trees Feed Small and Large Mammals • A Big Oak Tree can feed and give homes to as many as 1000 creatures!
Muscle Wood • Carpinus caroliniana • Muscle Wood • American Hornbeam • Ironwood • Blue beech • Water beech
Mammals That Eat Muscle Wood • Beaver cut down Muscle Wood for food and for their lodges. • White Tailed Deer eat the leaves in Summer and the twigs in Winter.
Sassafras Tree • Leaves • Bark • Fruit • Flowers
Insects that Use Sassafras Trees • Spicebush caterpillar rolls itself up in a leaf to hide from birds.
Insects that use Sassafras Yellow Poplar Weevil
Mammals • White Tailed Deer eat leaves and twigs • White Cotton Tailed Rabbits east twigs and bark
People are Mammals Too! • Root Beer was made from the roots • Used in chewing gum and toothpaste • In 1603 Sassafras was the first forest product the colonists exported to Europe. The bark was used as a dye.
Wintergreen • Ruffed Grouse eat berries and leaves • White Tailed Deer eat the twigs in winter
Jack-in-the-Pulpit • Spring Flowers fill the forest floor before all the leaves come out in the canopy and shrub layer.