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BROWSER BASICS Introduction to Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator New Perspectives on THE INTERNET Objectives Learn about Web browser software and Web pages Learn about Web addresses and URLs Save and organize Web addresses Navigate the Web Objectives

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browser basics introduction to microsoft internet explorer and netscape navigator

BROWSER BASICSIntroduction to Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator

New Perspectives on

THE INTERNET

objectives
Objectives
  • Learn about Web browser software and Web pages
  • Learn about Web addresses and URLs
  • Save and organize Web addresses
  • Navigate the Web
objectives3
Objectives
  • Use the Web to find information
  • Configure and use the Microsoft Internet Explorer Web browser
  • Configure and use the Netscape Navigator Web browser
web browsers
Web Browsers
  • When you use your Internet connection to become part of the Web, your computer becomes a Web client in a worldwide client/server network.
  • A Web browser is software that you run on your computer to make it work as a Web client.
  • Computers that are connected to the Internet and that contain files that their owners have made available public through their Internet connections are called Web servers.
web browsers5
Web Browsers

Client/Server Structure of the World Wide Web

Figure 2-1

hypertext links and hypermedia
Hypertext, Links, and Hypermedia
  • The standard language used on the Web is Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).
  • HTML uses codes, or tags, that tell the Web browser software how to display the text contained in the text file.
  • The HTML anchor tag enables Web designers to link HTML documents to each other.
  • Hypertext links (hyperlinks or links) can connect HTML documents together and can also connect one part of an HTML document to other sections of that document.
hypertext links and hypermedia7
Hypertext, Links, and Hypermedia

Hyperlinks Create a Web of HTML Text Across Multiple Files

Figure 2-2

hypertext links and hypermedia8
Hypertext, Links, and Hypermedia
  • When a Web browser displays an HTML document, it is often referred to as a Web page.

Lawrence Public Library Web Page

Figure 2-3

addresses on the web
Addresses on the Web
  • Each computer on the Internet has a unique identification number call an IP (Internet Protocol) address.
  • A domain name is a unique name associated with a specific IP address by a program that runs on an Internet host computer.
  • This program, which coordinates the IP addresses and domain names for all computers attached to it, is called DNS (domain name system) software.
  • The host computer that runs this software is called a domain name server.
  • The last part of domain name is called its top-level domain (TLD).
uniform resource locators
Uniform Resource Locators

Common Top-Level Domains (TLDS)

Figure 2-5

uniform resource locators11
Uniform Resource Locators

A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is a four-part addressing scheme that tells the Web browser:

  • The transfer protocol to use when transporting the file
  • The domain name of the computer on which the file resides
  • The pathname of the folder or directory on the computer on which the file resides
  • The name of the file
addresses on the web12
Addresses on the Web

Structure of a Uniform Resource Locator (URL)

Figure 2-6

main elements of web browsers
Main Elements of Web Browsers

Main Elements of the Internet Explorer Program Window

Figure 2-7

main elements of web browsers14
Main Elements of Web Browsers

Main Elements of the Navigator Program Window

Figure 2-8

using the history list
Using the History List
  • The browser stores the the location of each page you visit during a single session in a history list.
  • Use the Back button and the Forward button to move through the history list.
  • Use the Refresh button on Internet Explorer and Reload button in Navigator to load the same Web page that appears in the browser widow again.
  • Use the Stop button to abort a transfer when you accidentally click a hyperlink that you do not want to follow.
starting microsoft internet explorer
Starting Microsoft Internet Explorer

Internet Explorer Main Program Window

  • Follow the directions on page 16 to start the Internet Explorer Program

Figure 2-10

starting microsoft internet explorer17
Starting Microsoft Internet Explorer
  • Internet Explorer includes a Standard Buttons toolbar with 13 buttons.

Standard Buttons Toolbar

Figure 2-11

entering a url in the address bar
Entering a URL in the Address Bar
  • Click at the end of the current text in the Address bar, and then delete any unnecessary or unwanted text from the displayed URL.
  • Type the URL of the location that you want to go to.
  • Press the Enter key to load the URL’s Web page in the browser window.
using the favorites list
Using the Favorites List

Favorites Bar In Internet Explorer

Figure 2-15

using the favorites list20
Using the Favorites List

Creating a New Favorites Folder

Figure 2-16

using the favorites list21
Using the Favorites List

To move an existing favorite into a new folder:

  • Click Favorites on the menu bar, and then click Organize Favorites.
  • Click the folder under which you want to add the new folder.
  • Click the Create Folder button.
  • Type the name of the new folder and then press the Enter key.
  • Drag the favorite that you want to move into the new folder. Click the Close button.
using the favorites list22
Using the Favorites List

Reorganizing Favorites in Folders

Figure 2-17

hyperlink navigation using the mouse
Hyperlink Navigation Using the Mouse

Navigating between Web pages using hyperlinks and the mouse:

  • Click the hyperlink.
  • After the new Web page has loaded, right-click on the Web page’s background.
  • Click Back on the shortcut menu.
changing the default home page in internet explorer
Changing the Default Home Page In Internet Explorer
  • Click tools on the menu bar and then click Internet Options.
  • Click the General tab.
  • Select whether you want Internet Explorer to open with the current page as its default page or a blank page by clicking the corresponding button in the Home page section.
  • To specify a home page, type the URL of that Web page in the Address text box. Click the OK button.
changing the default home page in internet explorer25
Changing the Default Home Page In Internet Explorer

Changing the Default Home Page

Figure 2-20

printing a web page
Printing a Web Page

To print the current Web page:

  • Click the Print button on the Standard Buttons toolbar to print with the default print settings.

Or

  • Click File on the menu bar and then click Print.
  • Select the printer you want to use and indicate the pages you want to print and the number of copies.
  • Click the OK button.
printing a web page27
Printing a Web Page

Page Setup Dialog Box

Figure 2-21

printing a web page28
Printing a Web Page

Page Setup Dialog Box Options

Figure 2-22

getting help in internet explorer
Getting Help in Internet Explorer
  • Click Help on the menu bar, then click Contents and Index to open the Help window.

Internet Explorer Help Window

Figure 2-24

using internet explorer to save a web page
Using Internet Explorerto Save a Web Page

To save a Web page to a disk:

  • Open the Web page in Internet Explorer
  • Click File on the menu bar and then click Save As
  • Click the Save in list arrow and then select the drive that contains your disk
  • Accept the default filename, or change the filename, but retain the extension .htm or .html
  • Click the Save button
saving web page text to a file
Saving Web Page Text to a File
  • Use the mouse pointer to select the text you want to copy

Selecting Text on a Web Page

Figure 2-25

saving web page text to a file32
Saving Web Page Text to a File

Pasting Text From a Web Page Into a WordPad Document

Figure 2-26

saving a web page graphic to a disk
Saving a Web Page Graphic to a Disk

Saving the Image to a Disk

Figure 2-27

starting netscape navigator
Starting Netscape Navigator

Netscape Netcenter Home Page

Follow the directions on page 39 to start Navigator

Figure 2-28

using the navigation and personal toolbars
Using the Navigationand Personal Toolbars

Navigator Navigation Toolbar

Figure 2-29

using the personal toolbar
Using the Personal Toolbar

Navigator Personal Toolbar

Figure 2-32

creating a bookmark for a web site
Creating a Bookmark for a Web Site

Creating a Bookmarks Folder:

  • Click Bookmarks on the Personal toolbar, and then click Manage Bookmarks.
  • Click File on the menu bar and then click New Folder.
  • Delete the default text in the Create a New Folder named text box and then type a new folder name.
  • Click the OK button.
creating a bookmark for a web site38
Creating a Bookmark for a Web Site

Saving a Bookmark in a Bookmarks Folder:

  • Open the page that you want a bookmark in Navigator.
  • Click Bookmarks on the menu bar and then click File Bookmark.
  • Type a descriptive name in the box.
  • Select the folder in which you want so save the bookmark.
  • Click the OK button.
creating a bookmark for a web site39
Creating a Bookmark for a Web Site

Bookmarks Sorted Into Categories

Figure 2-33

returning to the home page
Returning to the Home Page

To change the Default Home Page in Netscape:

  • Click Edit on the menu bar and then click Preferences.
  • Click Navigator in the Category list.
  • In the Home page section , click an option button to indicate whether you want Navigator to open with the current page or a file.
  • To specify a home page, use the Choose Home Page dialog box to find an HTML document or type the URL or filename of the page you want to use as your default home page in the Location box. Click the OK button.
returning to the home page41
Returning to the Home Page

Preferences Dialog Box

Figure 2-38

printing a web page42
Printing a Web Page

Print Dialog Box

Figure 2-39

managing cookies
Managing Cookies
  • Click Tasks on the menu bar, point to Privacy and Security, point to Cookie Manager.

Cookie Manager Dialog Box

Figure 2-41

getting help in navigator
Getting Help in Navigator
  • Click Help on the menu bar, then click Help and Support Center.

Netscape Help Window

Figure 2-42