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Assessing Student Knowledge: Going to the Next Level Knowledge Network of Experiences  Social Studies Idea Meaningful Social Studies instruction, “enables individuals to personally explain relationships and decide how to encounter social events in ways that are consistent with their values

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knowledge network of experiences social studies idea
Knowledge Network of Experiences  Social Studies Idea

Meaningful Social Studies instruction,

“enables individuals to personally explain relationships and decide how to encounter social

events in ways that are consistent with their values

and those of their culture…memorizing facts does

not encourage students to find meaning in what

they are learning, nor does it help them make and

test decisions.”

Sunal & Hass. A Constructivist Approach to Social Studies, 2005

how to evaluate and create quality assessment items
How to Evaluate and Create Quality Assessment Items
  • This training will introduce the basics of aligning and evaluating assessment items. Using Blooms II and the research of James Popham, Hilda Taba and others, participants will learn how to align knowledge and cognitive levels and use them to identify and develop quality assessment items.
a note about test banks
A Note about Test Banks
  • Not all test items are created equally
  • Socials Studies textbook test banks are predominantly (90%+)made up of lower level questions.
    • Why?
  • Most nationally produced banks are include a majority of lower level questions
slide6
Which of the following cognitive levels is best aligned to the learning objective below.

6.9B Identify problems and issues that may arise when one or more of the assessments that students receive is not aligned to the learning objective and explain how this might effect a student’s academic success.

Identify

explain

  • Remember
  • Understand
  • Apply
  • Analyze
slide7

A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching and Assessing

Lorin Anderson and David Krathwohl

assessment alignment
Assessment Alignment

Read the TEKS SEs and Plot it on the taxonomy chart

  • Read the corresponding question, plot it, and then decide whether or not the assessment item is aligned to the TEKS SE.
slide9

1.6A Identify and describe the physical characteristics of places such as landforms, bodies of water, natural resources, and weather

Identify

and

describe

Identify

and

describe

Physical

Charac.

1 st grade assessment item
1st Grade Assessment Item

The picture shows a –

  • Plain
  • Valley
  • Mountain
  • Forest
slide11

1.6A Identify and describe the physical characteristics of places such as landforms, bodies of water, natural resources, and weather

Identify

and

describe

Identify

and

describe

Physical

Charac.

ITEM

slide12

3.2B Compare ways in which people in the local community and communities around the world meet their needs for government, education, communication, transportation, and recreation, over time and in the present

Compare

Compare

Need

Gov, Ed.

Com., etc.

3rd grade assessment item
3rd Grade Assessment Item
  • In 1900, people traveling far from
  • home could stay in touch with friends
  • using a __________, but after 1980,
  • they could use a __________.
  • A. computer; pay phone
  • B. newspaper; telegram
  • C. radio; walkie-talkie
  • D. telegram; cell phone
slide14

3.2B Compare ways in which people in the local community and communities around the world meet their needs for government, education, communication, transportation, and recreation, over time and in the present

Compare

Compare

ITEM

Need

Gov, Ed.

Com., etc.

slide15

5.6B Translate geographic data into a variety of formats such as raw data to graphs and maps.

Geographic

Data

Translate

Translate

Geographic

Data

Translate

5th grade assessment item
5th Grade Assessment Item

The elevation at the western edge of the Caspian Sea is below sea level. The elevation of the Himalayas is 4000 meters and above. Which map indicates this information?

A. I

B. II

C. III

D. IV

slide17

5.6B Translate geographic data into a variety of formats such as raw data to graphs and maps.

Geographic

Data

Translate

Translate

ITEM

Geographic

Data

Translate

slide18

6.3(B. pose and answer questions about geographic distributions and patterns for selected world regions and countries shown on maps, graphs, charts, models, and databases

Understand data

Geographic distributions- regions

Pose questions

Geographic distributions- regions

Pose questions

Map, chart skills

Pose questions

6th grade assessment item
6th Grade Assessment Item

Which of the following is a question a geographer might ask about tea production in Sri Lanka to find information that is not on the map?

A. How many oceans surround Sri Lanka?

B. What other crops are grown in Sri Lanka?

C. How far is Sri Lanka from the

equator?

D. What are the natural features of central Sri Lanka?

slide20

6.3(B. pose and answer questions about geographic distributions and patterns for selected world regions and countries shown on maps, graphs, charts, models, and databases

Understand data

ITEM

Geographic distributions- regions

Pose questions

Geographic distributions- regions

Pose questions

Map, chart skills

Pose questions

slide21

8.4 A analyze causes of the American Revolution, including mercantilism and British economic policies following the French and Indian War

Analyze

causes:

mercantilism

8th grade assessment item
8th Grade Assessment Item

Which of the following was NOT part of the

mercantilist policy of England?

A. Regulating colonial trade by taxation

B. Requiring colonial businesses to trade

with England

C. Increasing exports of manufactured

goods to the colonies

D. Decreasing use of natural resources from the colonies

slide23

8.4 A analyze causes of the American Revolution, including mercantilism and British economic policies following the French and Indian War

ITEM

Analyze

causes:

mercantilism

slide24

WH1(D. explain the significance of the following dates: 1066, 1215, 1492, 1789, 1914-1918, and 1939-1945.

Explain significance of date

Sig. of date-assess

world history assessment item
World History Assessment Item

The events of 1914 to 1918 marked the first

time in history that —

A. the Western European nations fought

as allies

B. nations from five continents fought in

a single conflict

C. the United States took part in a war

outside its territory

D. nations forced men to fight by setting

up military drafts

slide26

WH1(D. explain the significance of the following dates: 1066, 1215, 1492, 1789, 1914-1918, and 1939-1945.

Explain significance of date

Sig. of date-assess

ITEM

learning objective blooms ii
Learning Objective: Blooms II
  • It is not important which taxonomy that you use but that you use one
  • If you do not know the knowledge and cognitive levels of your learning objective then you cannot effectively align your instruction, assessment and questioning to it

L. Anderson, D. Krathwohl, Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing,

A: A Revision of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, (2001..

determining difficulty level30
Determining Difficulty Level
  • There are two different difficulty levels that we are looking at with any assessment item:
  • Cognitive Difficulty
  • Procedural Difficulty
determining difficulty level31
Determining Difficulty Level

Cognitive Difficulty

  • This is basically: How hard is question based on Blooms Taxonomy?
  • No question on a test should be above the level of the learning objective (TEKS SE) **
  • It is OK to have questions that are lower

**Unless you have a stated learning objective that has been clearly expressed to the students and taught.

determining difficulty level32
Determining Difficulty Level

Cognitive Difficulty

  • EASY
    • Remember
    • Understand
  • MEDIUM
    • Apply
    • Analyze
  • HARD
    • Evaluate
    • Create
determining difficulty level35
Determining Difficulty Level

Procedural Difficulty

  • This is basically: How many mental processing steps does the student have to go through to answer the question?
  • The greater the number of processing steps the higher the difficulty level
determining difficulty level36
Determining Difficulty Level

Procedural Difficulty

  • EASY
    • The item includes only the stem and the answer choices
  • MEDIUM
    • The item includes a graphic, short reading selection, map etc. (Stimulus piece) The student only has to interpret the stimulus or pull information from it to select the correct answer.
  • HARD
    • The item includes a graphic, short reading selection, map etc. (Stimulus piece) The student has to infer, analyze, summarize, etc. and apply that to the stem or answer choices to select the correct answer.
specificity difficulty
Specificity Difficulty
  • We DO NOT want to use specificity to increase the difficulty level of the question!

5.2(A) identify the contributions of significant individuals during the revolutionary period, including Thomas Jefferson and George Washington;

George Washington was in charge of which army during the American Revolution?

  • American, German, Chinese, Russian
  • Revolutionary, Continental, Virginia Regulars, American

George Washington defeated the British in which battle that ended the Revolutionary War?

  • Yorktown, Saratoga, Trenton, Cowpens

George Washington credited some of his ability to win the battle of Yorktown to his horse -

  • Faithful, Liberty, Constitution, Magnolia
specificity difficulty41
Specificity Difficulty
  • Choices and Distracters

5.2(A) identify the contributions of significant individuals during the revolutionary period, including Thomas Jefferson and George Washington;

Thomas Jefferson wrote which important historical document -

  • Declaration of Independence, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Bible, Quran
  • Declaration of Independence, Constitution, Mayflower Compact, Gettysburg Address
  • Wall of separation letter, Manual of Military Practice, Constitution for Virginia, Virginia Resolutions of 1798
question alignment application
Question Alignment Application
  • Move to your grade level group
  • Read the selected student expectation
  • Create at least two appropriate questions that target the level of thinking required by the TEKS
  • Create one lower level question
  • Create one question at a higher level than the TEKS SE

Page 1 & 2

processing info

Processing Info

Each grade level will share their work

social studies item review process
Social Studies Item Review Process
  • Paper work:
  • Read and fill out Oath of Test Security Form and return it to the coordinator.
item review
Item Review:
  • Make any corrections or comments directly on the test.
  • Check to see if the item is properly aligned to COL for the units covered during this benchmark period. (Pacing Guide)
  • Check for content alignment
item review47
Item Review:
  • Check to make sure that the item TEKS SE is on the Blueprint
  • Check to see if the item is aligned to the TEKS SE.
    • Check for content alignment
      • If the TEKS SE is focused on content then be sure that the item tests that particular content.
item review48
Item Review:
  • Check to see if the item is aligned to the TEKS SE.
    • Check for alignment to the “verb” in the SE.
      • The item can test at a higher level than the verb, but not a lower level.
    • Check for skill alignment
      • If the TEKS SE is asking for a specific skill to be used make sure that that skill is what is being tested.
      • Some items will test both skills and content as is the case on TAKS. Again, check for alignment to the SE.
item review49
Item Review:
  • Check for correct answer on key. (Last Page)
  • Check for “Level” on the answer key. (If you have question please let me know.
  • Check for typos and grammar problems.
item review50
Item Review:
  • Check for “unreadable” graphics.
  • Check to make sure that graphics and reading selections are at the appropriate level.
  • Note: Formatting for all tests will follow TAKS social studies based on the 8th grade test.
four keys to quality student assessment
Four Keys to Quality Student Assessment

Key 1

Arise from clear and appropriate learning targets

Key 2

Serve focused and appropriate purposes

Key 3

Based on clearly defined performance objective/descriptor

Key 4

Are clear, concise and eliminate sources of bias and distortion

four keys to quality student assessment52
Four Keys to Quality Student Assessment

Key 1

Arise from clear and appropriate learning targets

The TEKS: Clarification needed where it is not present.

Student Expectation Clarification

four keys to quality student assessment53
Four Keys to Quality Student Assessment

Key 2

Serve focused and appropriate purposes

The test item assesses information that is important for the student to understand: TAKS test, local benchmark, teacher benchmark, etc.

four keys to quality student assessment54
Four Keys to Quality Student Assessment

Key 3

Based on clearly defined performance objective/descriptor

What does the TEK actually ask the student to do?

four keys to quality student assessment55
Four Keys to Quality Student Assessment

Key 3

Based on clearly defined performance objective/descriptor

four keys to quality student assessment56
Four Keys to Quality Student Assessment

Gender

Spelling

Grammar

All of the above

Graphics

"oulds"

Level

Key 4

Eliminate sources of bias and distortion

Negatives

evaluating tests overview
Evaluating Tests-Overview
  • Do the items cover a range of understanding for each TEKS SE?

2. Do the items reflect the weight given to various TEKS? (TAKS/Benchmark Blueprint)

evaluating tests overview58
Evaluating Tests-Overview

TAKS BLUEPRINT FOR GRADE 8 SOCIAL STUDIES

TAKS

Objectives Number of Items

Objective 1—History ……………………………13

Objective 2—Geography ………………………...6

Objective 3—Economic and Social Influences .9

Objective 4—Political Influences ……………….12

Objective 5—Social Studies Skills ………………8

Total number of items …………………………48

evaluating tests overview60
Evaluating Tests-Overview
  • Are the items easy to understand?
  • Do test items ask for more than recall?

5. Do the items contain superfluous information or art?

evaluating tests overview61
Evaluating Tests-Overview

6. Do items provide test-wise students with an advantage?

  • Opposites as answer choices
  • One option much longer, shorter, or more complex than others
  • Clues to answer in the item stem
evaluating tests overview62
Evaluating Tests-Overview

7. Do items favor students who are good readers?

  • Negatives in stems or options
  • Answers including “all of the above” or “none of the above”
  • Specific determiners such as “all”
slide63
The fatal pedagogical error…

to throw answers like stones at the heads of those who have not yet asked the questions.

Paul Tillich

graphics
Graphics

TAKS requires the use of more graphics!

  • Is the graphic that is used aligned to the performance descriptor?
  • Is the graphic clear (readable.?
  • Is the graphic at the appropriate level?
  • Do you use a variety of graphics?

Maps--http://www.nationalgeographic.com/siteindex/index.html#maps

multiple choice questions
Multiple Choice Questions

Multiple choice items consist of a direct question or incomplete statement called the stem.

  • This is followed by a list of choices or the options.
  • The options consist of the correct option (the answer. and the distracters.
  • The distracters are plausible competitors of the answer.
  • The student must select the appropriate response to the stem using the options given.
multiple choice questions66
Multiple Choice Questions
  • Be Clear and Concise.You can't overstate the importance of clarity. Think of this as a rule, not a guideline.

BE CLEAR.

multiple choice questions67
Multiple Choice Questions

Be Clear and Concise. (Cont.)

  • Without sacrificing clarity, be as concise as possible. Keep a sense of focus.
  • Remember that your purpose is to measure your students' knowledge, reasoning, and ability.
  • The idea is to discriminate levels of understanding, not to trap the unwary.
multiple choice questions68
Multiple Choice Questions
  • Be Clear and Concise (Continued)
  • Simply stated: It is not sufficient to write a question that can be understood.
  • To paraphrase the advice of Gen. Douglas MacArthur to the Corps of Cadets at West Point:
  • Write questions that cannot be misunderstood, not merely questions that can be understood.
multiple choice questions69
Multiple Choice Questions

II. Writing Multiple Choice Stems

A. The multiple choice stem needs to present one problem to the student before the options are considered.

multiple choice questions70
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

The Spanish Civil War

A. broke out in June 1931 and lasted until April 1936.

B. was fought between the upper class and the working class.

C. was caused by the collapse of Rivera's military dictatorship.

D. was a religious war to convert the country to Catholicism.

multiple choice questions71
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

Which statement describes an immediate effect of the Spanish Civil War?

A. Spain was divided into two ideological groups.

B. The government banned the Catholic church.

C. Workers gained political power in the government.

D. Spain adopted a democratic form of government.

multiple choice questions72
Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

The Supreme Court

A. was established by the Judiciary Act of 1789.

B. first contained a Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices.

C. was first called to assemble on Feb. 1, 1790.

D. as an organization is detailed in Article III of the US Constitution

multiple choice questions73
Multiple Choice Questions

B. Avoid writing stems that contain extra information such as an introduction to the question. The stem should only include the question or the incomplete statement.

multiple choice questions74
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

The "new kid on the retirement block" is called the Roth IRA. It was introduced as a vehicle for retirement investments in the 1997 Taxpayer Relief Act. What is the special feature of a Roth IRA?

A. There is no dollar limit on contributions.

B. The withdrawals are tax-free.

C. There is no penalty for early withdrawal.

D. The contributions are tax-deductible.

multiple choice questions75
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

What is the special feature of a Roth IRA?

A. There is no dollar limit on contributions.

B. The withdrawals are tax-free.

C. There is no penalty for early withdrawal.

D. The contributions are tax-deductible.

multiple choice questions76
Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

The National Park System now manages 379 parks throughout the United States. Which of the following is a correct fact about the history of the National Park Service?

A. The United States Department of the Interior was responsible for parks and monuments before the National Park Service.

B. Mesa Verde was the world's first area to be designated as a national park.

C. President Franklin Roosevelt approved legislation to create the National Park Service.

D. George Marks is credited with the idea of establishing a national park service

multiple choice questions77
Multiple Choice Questions

C. Include as much information in the stem and as little information in the options as possible.

multiple choice questions78
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

Hawaii:

A. is a group of 30 volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean that contains one of the largest active volcanoes in the world.

B. contains the volcano called Mauna Loa that is located on the Hawaiian island called Kahoolawe.

C. entered the Union in the year of 1959 along with Alaska and these were the last two states to enter the Union.

D. has a state flower that is the gardenia and its state flag has an orange blossom drawn on it.

multiple choice questions79
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

Which state was the last one to be admitted to the United States?

A. Alaska

B. New Mexico

C. Hawaii

D. Arizona

multiple choice questions80
Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

Utah:

A. has largely been shaped by the ethnic and cultural influence of Mormons.

B. has largely been shaped by the ethnic and cultural influence of Hispanics.

C. has largely been shaped by the ethnic and cultural influence of Native Americans.

D. has largely been shaped by the ethnic and cultural influence of Nordic peoples.

multiple choice questions81
Multiple Choice Questions

D. Restrict the use of negative terms in the stem.

multiple choice questions82
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

Which of the following reasons is not a main cause of the Civil War?

A. Political differences

B. Economic differences

C. Cultural differences

D. Landscape differences

multiple choice questions83
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

Which of the following reasons was a main cause of the Civil War?

A. Political differences

B. Ethnic differences

C. Language differences

D. Landscape differences

multiple choice questions84
Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

What is a health and welfare program that is not administered by state governments?

A. Medicaid

B. Temporary Assistance to Needy Families

C. Social Security

D. Unemployment Compensation

multiple choice questions85
Multiple Choice Questions

E. Construct stems that require the selection of the best answer when each of the options contain elements of correctness.

multiple choice questions86
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

Which of the themes of geography listed below relates to cultural diffusion?

A. Region

B. Movement

C. Human/Environment Interaction

D. Location

multiple choice questions87
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

Which of the themes of geography listed below relates most closely to the concept of cultural diffusion?

A. Region

B. Movement

C. Human/Environment Interaction

D. Location

multiple choice questions88
Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

 What is one of the roles delegated specifically to the office of the President of the United States?

A. answering 911 emergency calls

B. being the pilot of Air Force One

C. inviting celebrities to the White House

D. nominate cabinet members

multiple choice questions89
Multiple Choice Questions

III. Use the Active Voice.Everybody processes information much more easily in the active voice.

Various research studies have confirmed this. (Olsen and Tichy.

multiple choice questions90
Multiple Choice Questions

III. Use the Active Voice.In sentences written in active voice, the subject performs the action expressed in the verb; the subject acts.

  • The dog bit the boy.
    • The boy was bitten by the dog.
  • Historians researched the project before presenting it.
    • The project was researched by Historians before presenting it.
  • Teachers will write good items because they care.
    • Good items will be written by teachers, because they care.
multiple choice questions91
Multiple Choice Questions

IV. Focus each test question on a specific objective of the instructional unit.

multiple choice questions92
Multiple Choice Questions

7.5B The student will analyze the political, economic, and social effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction in Texas.

Which of the following was a governor of Texas during the Civil War?

A. Sam Houston

B. Francis Lubbock

C. John A. Wharton

D. Jefferson Davis

multiple choice questions93
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

Which of the following was a political effect of the Civil War on Texas?

A. Lack of a civil or military force to keep order

B. Increased amount of money flowing to the state

C. Lack of leadership by the governor

D. Lack of leadership by the congress

multiple choice questions94
Multiple Choice Questions

V. Answer Choices

A. Each distracter should have about the same number of words as the correct option.

multiple choice questions95
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

Abraham Lincoln is famous for:

A. the years he served in the Illinois legislature.

B. issuing the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 stating that all persons held as slaves in the United States shall be free and the executive government will recognize all such persons as free.

C. his law practice in Springfield, Illinois.

D. serving as captain in the Black Hawk War.

multiple choice questions96
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

Abraham Lincoln is most famous for:

A. the years he served in the Illinois legislature.

B. issuing the Emancipation Proclamation.

C. his law practice in Springfield, Illinois.

D. serving as captain in the Black Hawk War.

multiple choice questions97
Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

Example of a faulty item:

William Barret Travis is known

A. for abandoning his wife

B. for buying land from Stephen F. Austin

C. as the colonel who was born in Saluda Co., SC, and became the Texas commander at the Battle of the Alamo

D. for being a newspaper publisher.

multiple choice questions98
Multiple Choice Questions

B. Does the item have one clearly correct answer?

Abraham Lincoln was president of the United States during:

  • A time of strife
  • The Revolutionary War
  • A time of expansion
  • The Civil War
multiple choice questions99
Multiple Choice Questions

C. Make all distracters plausible.

multiple choice questions100
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

Abraham Lincoln is famous for:

A. being the first man to walk on the moon.

B. issuing the Emancipation Proclamation.

C. his role in the musical Les Miserables.

D. inventing the electric light bulb.

multiple choice questions101
Multiple Choice Questions

Abraham Lincoln is most famous for:

A. the years he served in the Illinois legislature.

B. issuing the Emancipation Proclamation.

C. his law practice in Springfield, Illinois.

D. serving as captain in the Black Hawk War.

multiple choice questions102
Multiple Choice Questions

D. Do not repeat wording or common elements from the stem in the correct option.

multiple choice questions103
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

Which of the following occurred during the Children's Crusade?

A. Crusaders loot Constantinople.

B. Crusaders take Antioch, then Jerusalem.

C. Crusaders win coast from Tyre to Jaffa.

D. Thousands of innocent children march to death and slavery in North Africa

multiple choice questions104
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

Which of the following events occurred during the Fourth Crusade?

A. Constantinople was looted.

B. Antioch was defeated, then Jerusalem.

C. The entire coast from Tyre to Jaffa was defeated.

D. Anatolia defeated the invaders.

multiple choice questions105
Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

Example of a faulty item:

Who designed the Eiffel Tower?

A. Gustave Eiffel

B. Adolf Loos

C. Frei Otto

D. Eero Saarinen

multiple choice questions106
Multiple Choice Questions

E. To increase item difficulty include "none of the above" as a final option.

multiple choice questions107
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

Which of the following relationships describes the relationship between Spanish and Anglo settlements of Texas?

A. friendship

B. cooperation

C. hatred

D. None of the above

multiple choice questions108
Multiple Choice Questions

F. When a list of choices is included in each option increase the similarity of all the answer choices to increase the difficulty of the test.

multiple choice questions109
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

Who were the leaders of the Axis Powers during World War II?

A. Grant, Adams, Carter

B. Michelangelo, Cortes, Einstein

C. Curie, Columbus, MacArthur

D. Hirohito, Hitler, Mussolini

multiple choice questions110
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

Who were the leaders of the Axis Powers during World War II?

A. Hirohito, Hitler, Stalin

B. Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini

C. Hirohito, Mussolini, Stalin

D. Hirohito, Hitler, Mussolini

multiple choice questions111
Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

Example of a faulty item:

The atomic bombs in World War II were dropped on these two cities:

A. Washington and Fukuoka

B. Nagoya and Cairo

C. Hiroshima and Nagasaki

D. Kyoto and London

multiple choice questions112
Multiple Choice Questions

VI. Tap Higher Level Cognitive DomainsRote memorization of facts, laws, and definitions has its place in the overall scheme. However, at least 80-90% of the test should be devoted to higher levels of cognition.

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Multiple Choice Questions

A. Watch Difficulty LevelsThe ideal question will be answered correctly by 60-65% of the tested population. This level of difficulty maximizes discrimination on exams.

multiple choice questions114
Multiple Choice Questions

B. Avoid word choices that are above the student's vocabulary level.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

If a numismatist was alive 4000 years ago, what would he be looking for?

A. Wampum

B. Tally sticks

C. Cowrie shells

D. Manilla

multiple choice questions116
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

What is the form of money that was used in ancient Egypt?

A. Wampum

B. Tally sticks

C. Cowrie shells

D. Manilla

multiple choice questions117
Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

Phrenologist suggested which of the following?

A. horses were faster than trains

B. whites were more intelligent than blacks

C. space travel could not happen

D. the theory of evolution

multiple choice questions118
Multiple Choice Questions

VII. Avoid constructing negative options that follow a negative stem.

multiple choice questions119
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

Which of the following characteristics is not among the attributes of an Human/Environment Interaction?

A. Lack of buildings.

B. Lack of pollution.

C. Lack of rivers.

D. Lack of recycling.

multiple choice questions120
Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

Which of the following characteristics is not among the attributes of an Human/Environment Interaction?

A. Buildings.

B. Pollution.

C. Rivers.

D. Recycling.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

Example of a faulty item:

What is not a general characteristic of wars?

A. lack of shortages

B. lack of disease

C. not poor economic times for families

D. not loss of rights

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Multiple Choice Questions
  • Clear and Concise

A. Make sure the stem is grammatically consistent with all of the options.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

Movement is an example of an:

A. application.

B. theme.

C. diffusion.

D. location.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

Movement is an example of-

A. application

B. theme

C. diffusion

D. location

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Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

Example of a faulty item:

An example of diffusion is an-

A. Jesuit church opening in Spain

B. McDonalds opening in Detroit

C. Hispanic song being played in Texas

D. Tex-Mex meal being eaten in the Congo

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Multiple Choice Questions

B. Carefully proofread items.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

What is Hernan Cortes famous for?

A. He captured Mexico for Spain.

B. He explored Centrol America.

C. He explores the Amazon River.

D. He conqered the Incas for Spain.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

What is Hernan Cortes famous for?

A. He captured Mexico for Spain.

B. He explored Central America.

C. He explored the Amazon River.

D. He conquered the Incas for Spain.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

Example of a faulty item:

A word that modifies a noun is called:

A. an adverd

B. a conjunction

C. a verrb

D. an adjective

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Multiple Choice Questions

C. Avoid using overlapping distracters.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

A person in the first tax bracket makes less than:

A. $125,000

B. $100,000

C. $75,000

D. $50,000

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Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

A person in the third tax bracket makes:

A. $14,651-$24,650

B. $24,651-$59,750

C. $59,751-$124,650

D. $124,651-$271,050

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Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

Example of a faulty item:

Midnight occurs at what time of day?

A. evening

B. night

C. 12 PM

D. 12 AM

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Multiple Choice Questions

D. Avoid the use of indefinite terms such as, “would”, “could”, “usually” and “generally” in the options and distracters.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

Example of a faulty item:

The length of a senator's single term is:

A. 2 years

B. 3 years

C. Usually 4 years

D. Generally 6 years

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Multiple Choice Questions

E. Avoid the use of absolute terms such as “never” and “always” in the options and distracters.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

Which of the following is a sound investment principle?

A. Keep emergency money funds in highly liquid assets.

B. Mutual funds are always the safest investment vehicle.

C. Social security is a risk free income source for retirement.

D. Pay only the minimum balance on the credit card each month.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a good item:

Which of the following is a sound investment principle?

A. Social security is a risk free income source for retirement.

B. Mutual funds are the most growth oriented investment vehicle.

C. Keep emergency money funds in highly liquid assets.

D. Pay only the minimum balance on the credit card each month.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

Example of a faulty item:

An earthquake has the following property:

A. it always causes tidal waves.

B. it always cracks the earth.

C. is caused by plate tectonics.

D. is never explosive.

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Multiple Choice Questions

F. Avoid using "all of the above."

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Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a faulty item:

Which of the following are examples of physical features?

A. Mountains

B. Bays.

C. Glaciers

D. All of the above

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Multiple Choice Questions

Example of a sound item:

Which of the following is an example of a physical feature?

A. Pollution.

B. Bay.

C. Culture.

D. Location.

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Multiple Choice Questions

Revise the following faulty item based upon the above guidelines.

Example of a faulty item:

An event leading to the American Revolution was

A. the Stamp Act

B. the Sugar Act

C. the Tea Act

D. all of the above

contact information
Contact Information
  • John L. David
  • 972-466-6180
  • davidj@cfbisd.edu
  • Jennifer Carlisle
  • 972-466-6138
  • carlislej@cfbisd.edu