In-vitro fertilization involves a procedure in which an ovum is fertilized in a laboratory dish that is transferred into the womanâ€™s uterus afterwards.
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Introduction In-vitro fertilization involves a procedure in which an ovum is fertilized in a laboratory dish that is transferred into the woman’s uterus afterwards.
History of IVF Process This technique was first successfully performed in England in 1976. At present, IVF treatments are used for treating infertile couples to help them become parents. At first, IVF was developed to counter infertility problems of the fallopian tube. However, now this technique is used to cure a large number of problems including, unexplained infertility, endometriosis and male factor infertility.
IVF Process- 6 Steps Step 1: The IVF procedure starts with the first step called ovarian stimulation that commences on the third day of menstruation.
Step 2: The female parent is given medications that are meant to trigger the development of follicles in the ovaries in large number. This is done to make the ovaries generate more than one egg.
Step 3: Further, medicines are given followed by continuous monitoring of the ovarian follicles growth using gynecologic ultrasonography. When the follicle growth is found to be satisfactory, the ovulation process is started.
Step 4: Then, the eggs are eliminated with the help of the transvaginal method that is stored in a lab safely.
Step 5: In the lab, the follicles are separated from the fluid, and the next process is started called fertilization.
Step 6: In the fertilization step, the cells present around egg and semen that remain inactive are separated from the sperm in order to boost the fusion process. The fusion of egg and the sperm is allowed to take place in an incubated environment. This process of fusion takes a period of 18 hours to complete.
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