NANO CARS INTO THE ROBOTICS FOR THE REALISTIC MOVEMENTS Presented By: Ankit Jain Roopa Naidu
AGENDA • NANOCARS in ROBOTICS • What is the use of NANOCARS in ROBOTICS • How they are used in ROBOTS • Applications of NANOCARS • In the field of ROBOTICS • In the field of CHEMISTRY • Conclusion • Introduction to NANOTECHNOLOGY • NANOGEARS • NANOCARS • Working Of NANOCARS
Nanotechnology is a “ MINIATURISATION OF COMPONENTS “ OR “SIMPLY BUILDING THINGS WITH PROGRAMMED PRECISION” The pursuit of nanotechnology comprises a wide variety of disciplines: Chemistry, Physics, Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Molecular Biology, and Computer Science. Introduction to NANOTECHNOLOGY
The word NANOTECHNOLOGY is a combination of two words, NANO + TECHNOLOGY = NANOTECHNOLOGY Here, NANO is a Greek word which means “ DWARF “ • Nanotechnology is the Engineering of tiny machines –the ability to make things from the “Bottom-Up Technique” and focuses on properties of atoms and molecules that are of nanometer scale (around 0.1-100 nm).
NANOGEARS • Nanogears are nano devices with multiwalled Shafts which are carbon nanotubes and gear teeth are benzyne molecules bonded onto the nanotube.
Uses of NANOGEARS • By using the NANOGEAR we can able to move those nano particles from one place to another place in the area • Nanogears are used for movement of the NANOCARS
NANOCARS • The NANOCAR is a molecule designed in 2005 at Rice University in the group of Professor James Tour • Despite the name, the original nanocar does not contain a molecular motor, hence, it is not really a car.
Molecular Design Of Nanocar • The molecule consists of an H-shaped 'chassis' with fullerene groups attached at the four corners to act as wheels. • Each wheel is a “Bucky ball”, a spherical molecule made up of 60 carbon atoms. The axles are made of carbon as well. • Although the bond between the wheels and the axles is strong, the wheels rotate like regular wheels on the axle.
Working Of a Nano Car • When dispersed on a gold surface, the molecules attach themselves to the surface via their fullerene groups. • The tiny car scooted around a gold surface when exposed to heat or an electric field gradient. • When the heat or electric field is applied the fullerene balls are moved .So the entire car is moved
NanoCars In Robotics • Until now the ROBOTIC movements are like artificial machine movements. • Introducing these nanocars as the neuron system , the movements get better • By using the nanocars in ROBOTICS we can give the instruction even when the ROBOT is moving. That means the time taken for execution of the process is reduced. • By introducing nano cars as neuron system we have the required movement and we can also have the movement at required instance.
How a NANOCAR works in a ROBOT • Actual ROBOTS are made up of stepper motors for the movement. But those stepper motors are replaced with NANOCARS. Robotic Hand Using STEPPER MOTOR
Motorized NANOCAR • Tour Hopes able to share experimental results about the motorized Nano car in about a year. • In this car, photons, the smallest unit of light, turn a paddle wheel-like structure, which can propel the car. • Experiments conducted so far show that photons will turn the paddle wheel.
The Nanocar's molecular motor contains a pair of bonded carbon molecules that rotate in one direction if illuminated by a specific wavelength of light. • After fixing the molecular engine to the car's chassis and shining a light on it, Tour's team confirmed that the engine was running by using nuclear magnetic resonance to monitor the position of the hydrogen atoms within it.
Application of NANOCARS • In ROBOTICS, the NANOCARS are used to speed up the process and do works more accurately in less time. • The recent development is making a NANOTRUCK with 60 Bucky balls which can transfer a heavy and larger payloads at a time. • A future Nano car will be propelled by a photon-powered engine, while another upcoming vehicle, a Nano Train of sorts, will consist of several molecular boxcars.
Conclusion • Nano science is emerging as the basic science providing a field which is becoming the focus of attraction of all fundamentals sciences. • The ultimate aim is to achieve self assembly of devices for various applications. • STONE AGE BRONZE AGE IRON AGE SILICON AGE what's next …….nevertheless to say, we're well into “ NANOTECH AGE “
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