energycane first year
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Energycane : First Year

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 35

Energycane : First Year - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 78 Views
  • Uploaded on

Energycane : First Year. Brian Baldwin, Herbaceous Feedstocks Meeting San Antonio, Texas 22 February 2010. Energycane. Hybrid of sugarcane and wild cane Bred for high fiber, high biomass Tolerance to cold weather Fermentable sugars. Concept. Energycane

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Energycane : First Year' - meda


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
energycane first year

Energycane:First Year

Brian Baldwin,

Herbaceous Feedstocks Meeting

San Antonio, Texas

22 February 2010

energycane
Energycane
  • Hybrid of sugarcane and wild cane
  • Bred for high fiber, high biomass
  • Tolerance to cold weather
  • Fermentable sugars
concept
Concept
  • Energycane
    • Cellulose for bioethanol/biomass
      • High yields and perennial
      • Limitations of sugarcane’s abilities in the “North”
      • Sugarcane infrastructure in place
    • Advantage of sucrose
      • Can be fermented if harvestable
      • Sugary bagasse is subject to enhanced fermentation as a precursor to cellulose SSF
      • Capture-able with slow pyrolysis
common energycane germplasm
Common Energycane Germplasm

*from USDA-ARS-SRU, Houma, LA

base field dimensions
Base Field Dimensions
  • Plot = 10 m x 3 rows (6m)
    • Sacrifice row (Brix)
    • Harvest 2 rows
  • Base Rep = 10m x 30m
  • Base Test = 132m x 30m
    • (or any combination)
      • inclusion of other genotypes
spring
Spring
  • Emergence data – date and rating (shoots/plot)
  • Date of 50% emergence and soil temp
  • Data during growing season
    • Height, bi-weekly
    • Brix monthly from sacrifice row
slide7
July
  • Stalk counts and diameter
fall 2009
Fall 2009
  • Harvest Data EOS
    • Each location needs to fix that time
      • Stalk count and diameter
      • Final height
      • Rating after first hard frost (differences?)
      • Final Brix – want a 50 ml sap sample, freeze
      • Fresh harvest weight
        • Sap yield
        • Stalk moist weight
        • Stalk dry weight
        • Stalk samples for fiber analysis

Starkville MS; Nov 2007

fall winter
Fall/Winter
  • Harvest (other two rows)
      • Moisture
      • Southern locations
      • Harvest and weigh
slide15
First Year Field

Starkville, MS; Oct 2007

doe feedstock partnership collaborators
DoE Feedstock Partnership Collaborators
  • Bill Anderson via Wayne Hanna (USDA via UGA, Tifton, GA)
  • Brian Baldwin (MSU, Starkville, MS)
  • Jürg Blumenthal (TAMU, College Station, TX)
  • Charlie Brummer (UGA, Athens, GA) – 2008 addition
  • Kenneth Gravois (LSU, St. Gabriel, LA)
  • Jimmy Ray Parish (MSU, Raymond MS)
  • Ed Richard /Tom Tew/Anna Hale (ARS-SRU, Houma, LA)
  • GoroUehara, (U Hawaii, Waimanalo) – 2009 addition
  • Ted Wilson, et al. (TAMU, Beaumont, TX)
slide21
Athens

Starkville

Raymond

Tifton

College Station

St. Gabriel

Houma

Beaumont

Honalulu

slide22
Athens

Starkville

Raymond

Tifton

College Station

St. Gabriel

Houma

Beaumont

Honalulu

obstacles to data collection
Obstacles to Data Collection
  • El Niño
    • Rain, rain, rain, rain, rain, and still rain
    • Starkville ended 2009 @ 84.5” (54” normal)
    • Same at: Tifton, Athens, St. Gabriel
  • The weight of biomass
    • Energycane harvested at 60-70% moisture
    • A dry weight of 3 T/A is actually 4.2 T/A
    • Most sites harvest by hand
energycane brix starkville october 2008 and 2009
EnergycaneBrixStarkville, October 2008 and 2009

Brix %

Sweet Sorghum

Sugarcane

Energycane

slide26
35

30

25

20

Mean Heights (m)

Monthly Mean Temperature (oC)

15

10

5

0

St. Gabriel, LA (oC)

Starkville, MS (oC)

summary findings
Summary Findings
  • Brix affected by rain
  • Brix affected by genotype
  • Spring onset of growth different
    • Early onset in genotypes closer to sugarcane can lead to higher yields at the southern locations
    • Early onset of genotypes closer to wild cane are not good for maximum growth in the “North” (spring frost)
summary findings cont d
Summary Findings, cont’d
  • Yield varies by genotype
  • Location matters, with Tifton, GA toping locations
    • Well-drained soils, with excellent rainfall
  • Ho 72-114 seems best adapted to all locations tested.
slide32
US 72-114 (Chacahoula, LA )

US 72-114 (Starkville MS)

energycane drawbacks
Energycane Drawbacks
  • Energycane
    • Of tropical origin
      • Not photoperiodically senescing
        • Wet harvest
        • Removal of nutrients
      • Limitations of sugarcane’s abilities in the “North”
    • Advantage of sucrose
      • Limited accumulation, especially with excess rain
      • Sugar and fiber are inversely proportional
    • Associative nitrogen fixation
ad