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Observing System Status- Brief Overview

Observing System Status- Brief Overview

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Observing System Status- Brief Overview

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  1. Observing System Status-Brief Overview • Will post PPts from Mike Johnson and from Eric Lindstrom from the annual review of the NOAA Climate Observations Program to provide more details on recent NOAA and NASA perspectives • Mike’s JCOMM Obs Coordination PPt is available from JCOMM web site

  2. Keeping it going • There has been some progress in some nations toward sustaining in situ and satellite observing efforts. • However most efforts are still supported via research agency funding and the efforts of research oceanographers • Demonstrations of effectiveness of system will be a continuing need • INDICES!

  3. In Situ System • Particular progress w. real time Tide gauges and pCO2 • Incremental progress in some other elements • Increased awareness of challenges of maintaining global distribution of both surface drifters and float • Some historical data issues w. XTBs and some Argo floats • New GOOS coastal technical panel

  4. Celebrating the Past, Observing the Present, Predicting the Future Adjusted Program Components that will be completed by 2013 Goal 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2003 2010 2011 2012 2013 180 180 180 180 Real-time Stations, Initial GCOS Subset 172 Tide Gauge Stations 162 127 152 102 67 69 79 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 779 787 Number of buoys 975 Surface Drifting Buoys 132 86 79 83 112 115 117 118 119 Number of moorings 103 Tropical Moored Buoys 91 97 51 51 51 51 High resolution & frequently repeated lines occupied 51 46 Ships of Opportunity 44 41 41 26 27 39 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Number of floats 923 2557 2240 1500 Argo Floats Number of observatories and ocean reference stations 87 Ocean Reference Stations 46 47 43 42 41 37 57 58 58 58 49 Ice buoys, drifting and moored stations, transects 73 Arctic Ocean System 24 21 21 18 55 55 55 55 12 13 38 37 37 Repeat Sections completed, one inventory per 10 years 34 29 31 Ocean Carbon Network 22 4 26 17 20 9 15 882 Days at sea (NOAA contribution) Dedicated Ship Time 582 582 582 582 492 492 522 370 458 458 468 Base Budget FY 08 President’s Budget Program Planning Representative milestones including international contributions 100 98 89 81 72 63 System % Complete 89 59 59 81 55 57 72 45 48 67 68 68 69 63 58 59 62 Total System 59 59 56 55 55 57 100% Requirement Program Adjustment 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Goal 05/18/07

  5. Observing System Monitoring Center Near-real-time tool for system statistics and data • Sort by: • Platform type • Variables being sampled • Time frame • Contributing Country • Drill down for platform metadata and real-time data. Test Version 2.00 beta: www.jcommops.org/network_status

  6. Status of the System 6279 platforms globally. 2950 U.S. platforms. ( One day snapshot of surface platforms reporting

  7. Coming Soon:Direct link to performance monitoring GOOS Requirement for SST: 5x5 grid

  8. Tropical Moored Buoys • TAO/TRITON sustained • PIRATA Extensions implemented • Indian Ocean Array getting started

  9. Argo Profiling Float Array 2849 active floats

  10. PX38 AX03 AX10 AX07 PX37 PX40 AX20 PX44 PX10 AX34 AX11 PX18 PX21 PX09 PX31 PX11 IX10 PX04 AX29 PX05 PX13 IX08 PX17 AX15 IX09S IX07 IX06 PX02 AX08 IX01 IX22 PX81 IX12 PX30 PX08 PX06 IX21 IX15 PX50 AX18 PX34 AX25 IX28 AX22 PX36 Note : AX08 is Under sampled in FRX Mode 41 of 51 UOT XBT lines now occupied 910 VOS reporting at least 25 obs/month

  11. Establishing the GCOS subset of GLOSS Climate Reference Stations GCOS Climate Reference Network of Tide Gauge Stations GEO-located By the end of 2007 most of the 170 Climate Reference Tide Gauge Stations Will Provide Marine Hazards Warning in Real Time

  12. ITF and MOVE in transition to NOAA NOAA Contributions Future NOAA Future NSF OOI Deploying and maintaining 89 Ocean Reference Stations (42 now in service)

  13. Measuring Ocean Carbon Sources and Sinks • 1. Inventory 10-year survey • 2. Ships of opportunity • 3. Moored buoy time series 38% complete

  14. Integrating tsunami buoys into GOOS (JCOMM DBCP and OceanSITES) Chilean Tsunami Buoy being deployed during a U.S. Climate mission Met sensors installed by USA (WHOI) on the Chilean tsunami buoy in October 2006 Sites where Tsunami and Climate plans overlap -- potential for coordination Sites where Climate missions already deploy tsunami buoys routinely

  15. Satellite System Status • Mostly status quo ante last year in terms of data available • GHRSST products available • CEOS response to GCOS IP has raised visibility of mission continuity issues • IGOS-P merger into GEO • Bigger role for China and India ahead?

  16. “KNOWN” FUTURE ALTIMETRY MISSIONS In orbit End of life Approved Planned/Pending approval GFO IPY Data gap ERS-2/RA Sentinel-3 ERS-1 ENVISAT/RA-2 SARAL TOPEX/Poseidon Data gap? Data gap? Jason-3? Jason-1 Jason-2 CNES/EUMETSAT/NASA/NOAA signedLetter of Agreement for Jason-2 CRYOSAT-2 GODAE

  17. Ocean Satellite Status Summary NOTE: Needs to have Surface Vector Winds added

  18. Summarizing Uncertainties Recent Examples: • Upper Ocean Heat Content • Atlantic MOC • September Arctic Sea Ice Extent

  19. Vecchi 2006 (pers. Communication)

  20. Max. MOC 25oN K-7 Bryden et al. (2005) ECMWF

  21. NIC’s Sea Ice Climatology Courtesy Florence Fetterer, NSIDC in 1996/1997 , NIC - Transitioned to digital imagery (OLS/AVHRR) and digital analysis in GIS format Started using SAR data in tactically significant areas Now, NIC uses Quicksat to compensate for deficiencies in SSM/I

  22. Sept. Arctic Sea Ice Extent C.C. Bitz, U.Wa. Personal Communication 2007