Yr 7 APP – LAT AF 2A: Robo HeartsUnderstanding the Applications and Implications of Science AIM Construct an argument based on scientific evidence, and discuss the implications of complete artificial hearts on individuals and society Are artificial hearts the answer to the transplant shortage? Write a script or storyboard for a television documentary about the future of artificial heart transplants www.appinscience.com
Advantages and Disadvantages Read the statements about the complete artificial hearts. Decide whether they are an advantage or disadvantage. B. Artificial hearts are only new technology, they are not yet reliable. A. There are not enough real hearts donated, so artificial hearts could replace them. C. The patient’s body can reject an artificial heart, just like donated heart transplants. F. Artificial heart transplants can give a patient an extra month or up to 5 years extra life. D. Artificial hearts cost between £50,000 and £100, 000 each to make and look after. E. The heart battery needs recharging twice a day, otherwise the heart will stop.
Economic, Social or Cultural Influences • Economic influences: to do with money, cost and finance. • Social influences: to do with groups of people or society. • Cultural influences: to do with people’s beliefs, values and customs. Decide if each of these decisions is influenced by economic, social or cultural influences. A. People do not choose to donate their hearts when they die, so there are not enough hearts to transplant. B. Scientists are very keen to see if they can make an artificial heart. C. Companies who make artificial hearts spend between £50,000 and £100, 000 per heart. F. Doctors have to decide who gets an artificial heart: a 40 year old or a 60 year old, smoker or non-smoker etc. D. Patients who are very ill with heart disease may decide to trial an artificial heart if they have no donor. E. The NHS could not afford to give an artificial heart to everyone who needed one.
Economic, Social, Ethical or Cultural? B. It is such experimental surgery that only the patients with little chance of survival should be considered. Decide if each of these views is influenced by economic, social, ethical or cultural views. A. I found it intolerable to see young people - aged 40, 45 or 50 - dying of massive heart attacks without having a prosthesis available to replace their hearts C. Treat the problem, not the cause. Obesity is the main cause of heart disease. Tackle this and we won’t need more donors or artificial hearts. E. “Without the artificial heart, I would not have lived to see my first grand daughter.” D. The heart is the place of the soul. It cannot be replaced with a machine.