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Waste Regulatory Framework. Steve Hartley Head Waste Reform and Implementation, DECC Josephine Stokes Prescribed Waste Team Leader, EPA Victoria. PROTECTION of the ENVIRONMENT OPERATIONS ACT 1997. Licensing Schedule (Schedule 1). Primary legislation. WASTE REGULATION. Subordinate

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waste regulatory framework

Waste Regulatory Framework

Steve Hartley

Head Waste Reform and Implementation, DECC

Josephine Stokes

Prescribed Waste Team Leader, EPA Victoria








(Schedule 1)







Guidelines referred

to in legislation

Waste classification, Biosolids, Facilities Guidelines


Non-Standard Fuels Guidance

Overview – Environment Protection Regulation

levy, residue waste,


poeo waste regulation residue waste
POEO (Waste) Regulation – Residue Waste
  • Part 5 of the POEO (Waste) Reg
  • Commenced 1 Dec ’05
  • These are higher risk wastes that are prohibited from land application for growing vegetation unless exempted by DECC
  • Aim is to distinguish beneficial uses from those which cause harm
residue waste exemptions
Residue Waste Exemptions

DEC has issued land application exemptions for:

  • ash from coal & uncontaminated biomass
  • lime & gypsum residues from:
    • water treatment
    • manufacture of plasterboard
  • Paper sludge
  • Some foundry sands
wastes as non standard fuels
Wastes as Non-Standard Fuels
  • Waste is “any discarded, rejected, unwanted, surplus or abandoned substance”
  • Burning waste requires licensing & levy payment
  • UNLESS approved by DECC as a non-standard fuel
identifying genuine energy recovery
Identifying Genuine Energy Recovery
  • Is there a higher order reuse
  • Are calorific value & thermal efficiency thresholds met
  • Is the waste homogenous & of a consistent stream over the medium term
  • Is there a QA/QC system / product specification

Waste can only be burnt for genuine energy recovery


Victorian opportunities

EPA Victoria

4 May 2007



  • Use of wastes from the car, metals and plastics sector as both energy and raw material substitutes in cement manufacture
  • - waste oil
  • - tyres
  • - tallow
  • - spent pot lining
  • - foundry sands
  • - spent liquid fuel (solvents, paints, etc.)
  • - biosolids

Current status in Vic

  • Prescribed Waste Regulations, licensing controls, prescribed waste exemptions & RD&D’s
  • Landfill levy significant increase from 1 July 2007 - prescribed industrial waste reduction a priority for EPA Vic
  • Cement industry identified as best positioned to help divert more volumes of PIW from landfill
  • EPA Victoria and Sustainability Victoria currently working with the manufacturing and waste treatment industries investigating EfW opportunities.

Case studies

  • Cement kilns in Victoria and South Australia trialing different waste streams
  • Fuel blending plant - both liquid and solid wastes for cement kilns in Queensland & Tasmania
  • Industrial waste treatment: A path to reuse of prescribed industrial wastes - a 2 year project with ASIRC.
where to from here
Where to from here

Jurisdictional, CIF & ASA reps met in early 2007:

  • industry to prioritise alternative fuels & raw materials;
  • outcome is consistent specs across industry / jurisdictions.

EPHSC recently awarded CSIRO a tender to:

  • investigate the land application of industrial residues;
  • Jurisdictions are participating in / awaiting project outcomes.