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Fish Disease

Fish Disease

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Fish Disease

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  1. Fish Disease

  2. Ammonia Poisoning • Symptoms • Red, inflamed gill; gasping at surface • Treatment • Add chemical to absorb excess ammonia; decrease number of fish tank

  3. Dropsy (Malawi Bloat) Symptom • Bloated; raised scales loss of body color • Treatment • Bacterial infection- use medication and change 25% of water every other day

  4. Ichthyophtirius (Ick) Symptoms • Small white spots on body • Treatment • Parasite infection- use medication and quarantine new arrivals to tank before adding

  5. Fin Rot Symptoms • Loss of fin tissue; lethargic on bottom of tank • Treatment • Bacterial infection- use medication; change water frequently; quarantine affected fish

  6. Fish Fungus Symptoms • White to gray, mold-like growth on fish • Treatment • Medication and regular water changes

  7. Head and Lateral Line Erosion (HLLE) Symptoms • Small dents or holes on head or side of fish; lack of desire to eat • Treatment • No definite treatment; use best water and fish food available

  8. Nitrate/ Nitrite Poisoning Symptoms • Fish are lethargic just below surface of water • Treatment • Use test kit to check levels; perform water changes; possibly decrease numbers in tank

  9. Oxygen Starvation Symptoms • Nearly all fish at water surface, possibly gulping for air • Treatment • Decrease temperature of tank; increase aerators to provide more oxygen

  10. Pop-Eye Symptoms • Eyes seem to be “popping” out of their sockets • Treatment • Bacterial infection- use medication and change water frequently

  11. Swim Bladder Disease Symptoms • Fish have difficulty staying level in water • Treatment • No definite treatment; small frequent water changes (10% per week) recommended

  12. Velvet (oodinium) Symptoms • Similar to Ick, but with small yellow or gray spots, fish may rub on sides of aquarium • Treatment • Parasite infection- use medication; prevent by quarantining new arrivals to tank for a few weeks.