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Engineering Branches

Engineering Branches

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Engineering Branches

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  1. Engineering Branches Dom Dal BelloEngineering 100 Allan Hancock College Fall 2011 Engineering Branches

  2. United States Engineers 2002: 1.5 million (U.S. Pop: 288M)To nearest thousand: • Electrical: 292,000(Electrical/Electronics) • Civil: 228,000 • Mechanical: 215,000 • Industrial: 194,000 • Aerospace: 78,000 • Computer: 75,000 (Hardware) http://bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm Engineering Branches

  3. United States Engineers 2008: 1.6 million +100k since 2002 (U.S. Pop: 304M) To nearest thousand: • Electrical: 302,000 +10k since 2002 (Electrical/Electronics) • Civil: 278,000+50k • Mechanical: 239,000 +24k • Industrial: 215,000 +21k • Computer: 75,000 0 (Hardware) • Aerospace: 72,000 -6k http://bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm, Sept. 9, 2010 Engineering Branches

  4. Engineers • Environmental • Chemical • Materials • Petroleum • Nuclear • Biomedical • Marine/Naval Arch. • Mining/Geological • Agriculture • Architectural • Manufacturing • Systems http://bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm Engineering Branches

  5. Percentages (U.S) 1% ~ 16,000 Engineering Branches

  6. Electrical Engineering • Largest branch • Design devices and systems that use electricity • Institute for Electricaland Electronics Engineers (I.E.E.E.)(38 technical societies in I.E.E.E.) Engineering Branches

  7. Electrical Engineering • Electronics • Communications • Power • Controls • Instrumentation Design of circuits & devices to produce, amplifyand rectify (modify/filter) electric signals. Use transistors, semiconductors, integrated circuits (ICs). Engineering Branches

  8. Electrical Engineering • Electronics • Communications • Power • Controls • Instrumentation Entertainment to military. Cell phones, video tele-conferencing. Lasers, fiber-optics, wireless. Data transmission (data, voice, video). Engineering Branches

  9. Electrical Engineering • Electronics • Communications • Power • Controls • Instrumentation Production, Transmission and Distribution. Hydroelectric, steam, nuclear, solar, wind, fuel cells. Transmission lines, motors, generators. Engineering Branches

  10. Electrical Engineering Feedback Loop • Electronics • Communications • Power • Controls • Instrumentation Automated operations and processes (robotics). Compare a measured quantity to desired result; difference causes a signal that adjusts input (thermostats, cruise control). To To Tin-To Desired Response (input) Action e.g., f =k(Tin-To) Actual Response (output) Tin To Generic Control Process Engineering Branches

  11. Electrical Engineering • Electronics • Communications • Power • Controls • Instrumentation Use electronic devices to measure pressure, temperature, speed, voltage, etc. Process, store, transmit data. Engineering Branches

  12. Mechanical Engineering • Broadest branch. • Design power-producing machines and engines, and power-using machines. • American Society of Mechanical Engineers (A.S.M.E.)(founded 1880; 32 technical divisions in 7 groups; and 3 institutes) Engineering Branches

  13. Mechanical Engineering Production and Transfer. Energy Conversion (e.g., heat to mechanical). Design and Operate Power Plants. HVAC (heat., vent. & air cond). Refrigeration and Heat Exchangers. Solar, Geothermal, Wind. • Energy • Design of Structures and Motion of Mechanical Systems • Manufacturing Engineering Branches

  14. Mechanical Engineering Cars, trucks, tractors, trains, planes, space vehicles. Lathes, mills, grinders, drills, tools. Copiers, computers. Medical devices and equipment. Pressure vessels and pipes. • Energy • Design of Structures and Motion of Mechanical Systems • Manufacturing Engineering Branches

  15. Mechanical Engineering Design processes to convert raw materials into products. Design equipment. Design machines to make machines. Manufacturing processes. Automation and robotics. Increase efficiency. • Energy • Design of Structures and Motion of Mechanical Systems • Manufacturing Engineering Branches

  16. Energy Conversion Group • Internal Combustion Engine • Nuclear Engineering • Power • Advanced Energy Systems • Solar Energy • Engr. & Tech. Management Group • Management • Safety Engineering & Risk Analysis • Technology & Society • Environment & Transportation Grp • Aerospace • Environmental Engineering • Noise Control & Acoustics • Rail Transportation • Materials & Energy Recovery • Manufacturing Technical Group • Manufacturing Engineering • Materials Handling Engineering • Plant Engineering and Maintenance • Process Industries • Pressure Technology Group • Nondestructive Evaluation • Pressure Vessels and Piping • System and Design Group • Computers and Information Engineering • Design Engineering • Dynamic Systems and Control • Electronic & Photonic Packaging • Fluid Power Systems and Technology • Information Storage & Processing Systems • Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) ASME Groups and Divisions http://divisions.asme.org/ Basic Engineering Technical Group • Applied Mechanics • Bioengineering • Fluids Engineering • Heat Transfer • Materials • Tribology (friction) Mechanics, is the study of how media responds to external stimuli (e.g., forces), includes analytical and experimental studies in: - Biomechanics - Geomechanics - Composite materials - Hydrodynamics - Computing methods - Lubrication - Dynamics - Mechanical properties of matls - Elasticity - Micromechanics - Experimental Methods - Plasticity and failure - Fluid dynamics - Plates and shells - Fracture - Wave propagation The Applied Mechanics Division is one of the oldest and largest divisions of ASME. Prof. Stephen P. Timoshenko, was the first Chairman. Engineering Branches

  17. Civil Engineering • Oldest branch • Plan, design and supervise the construction of facilities:buildings, transit systems, water supply and treatment, etc. • American Society of Civil Engineers (A.S.C.E.)(8 institutes, 11 technical divisions) Engineering Branches

  18. Civil Engineering Design bridges, buildings, dams, tunnels, tanks, transmission towers, offshore platforms, satellites. Analyze forces on structures. Select components & materials to ensure structures strong, stable and durable. Structural Dynamics. • Structural • Transportation • Environmental • Water Resources • Geotechnical • Surveying • Construction Engineering Branches

  19. Civil Engineering Safe efficient movement of people and goods. Highways, roads, harbors, ports, mass transit, airports, railroads. Gas, oil and other transport systems. • Structural • Transportation • Environmental • Water Resources • Geotechnical • Surveying • Construction Engineering Branches

  20. Civil Engineering Control / prevent / eliminate: air / water / soil pollution. Design / operate:water systems, waste water and sewage systems, garbage disposal systems, air quality control systems, recycling systems. Toxic clean-up and pesticide control. • Structural • Transportation • Environmental • Water Resources • Geotechnical • Surveying • Construction Engineering Branches

  21. Civil Engineering Ensure availability, delivery. Develop new sources. Harbors, rivers, coastal protection. Flood control, irrigation, drainage. Hydro-electric facilities. • Structural • Transportation • Environmental • Water Resources • Geotechnical • Surveying • Construction Engineering Branches

  22. Civil Engineering Study properties of soil / rock on which structures are placed. How does ground support the loads? Dams, levees, foundations, offshore, settlement, stability of slopes, seepage of ground water. Earthquakes. • Structural • Transportation • Environmental • Water Resources • Geotechnical • Surveying • Construction Engineering Branches

  23. Civil Engineering Mapping construction sites – buildings, pipes, utilities. Locate property lines. LEGAL issues – requires state license. Satellites, aerial/terrestrial photography, computer processing, GPS. • Structural • Transportation • Environmental • Water Resources • Geotechnical • Surveying • Construction Engineering Branches

  24. Civil Engineering Technical & management skills. Plan and build facilities that other engineers and architects design. Estimate costs, equipment & personnel needs. Supervise construction, operating and startup. Know methods, equipment. • Structural • Transportation • Environmental • Water Resources • Geotechnical • Surveying • Construction Engineering Branches

  25. ASCE Technical Institutes • Architectural Engineering Institute (AEI) 1998 • all professionals in the building industry • Coasts, Oceans, Ports, and Rivers Institute (COPRI) 2000 • Construction Institute (CI) • Construction and Materials Divisions at ASCE. … suppliers, testing laboratories, bonding agencies, insurance providers, financial firms, accounting firms, and legal firms • Engineering Mechanics Institute (EMI) • fourteen technical committees • Environmental & Water Resources Institute (EWRI) 1999 • Geo-Institute (G-I) 1996 • improving the environment, mitigating natural hazards, and economically constructing engineered facilities. • Structural Engineering Institute (SEI) 1996 • Transportation & Development Institute (T&DI) Engineering Branches

  26. Other ASCE Tech. Groups • Technical Activities Committee (TAC) oversees all the technical groups within ASCE that are not currently part of the ASCE Institutes.  • DIVISIONS • Aerospace • Energy • Geomatics • Pipeline • TECHNICAL COUNCILS • Cold Regions Engineering • Computing and Engineering Technology • Disaster Risk Management • Forensic Engineering • Lifeline Earthquake Engineering • Wind Engineering Engineering Branches

  27. Computer Engineering • Fastest growing branch in 1990s. • Design computer hardware & firmware. • Started within electrical engineering, but requires specialized knowledge.. • Computer Engineering vs. Computer Science Engineering Branches

  28. Computer Engineering • Computer • processor, chips, circuit boards, networks, devices, components. • Architecture. • Peripherals • Storage:disk, RAM, ROM. • Output:printer, monitor, speaker. • Input:keyboard, mouse, scanner. • Communication: Internet. • Hardware • Firmware Engineering Branches

  29. Computer Engineering Firmware is microcode (software) that controls the processors. Firmware is the “internal thought process” of the computer that enables it to perform basic operations required by software in general. • Hardware • Firmware Engineering Branches

  30. Computer Engineering Theory, design and implementation of software (an intangible product). Software: set of instructions that hardware can read and execute. OS, AI, networking, comm., database, computer-human interaction, graphics, computations. • Computer Science • Comp. Scientists write the programs. Engineering Branches

  31. Industrial Engineering • Develop efficient ways to use resources for a process or to make a product. Management and planning. • Resources: people, machines, materials, energy, information. • Design and manage Quality Control (QC) programs. • Design facitilities and plants. • Human and organizational aspects of systems design. Engineering Branches

  32. Aerospace Engineering • Commercial & military aircraft, missiles, spacecraft. • New technologies. • Aerodynamics, propulsion, thermodynamics, structures, celestial mechanics, acoustics; materials. • Guidance and control systems. Engineering Branches

  33. Environmental Engineering • Use Civil Engineering, Biology and Chemistry to solve environmental problems. • Air pollution, water management, water supply, waste water, solid waste, public health, hazardous waste. • Clean up and prevent. Engineering Branches

  34. Chemical Engineering • Use training in engineering and chemistry to create usable products. • Chemical production facilities; manufacturing facilities that use chemicals. • Plastics, building materials, food products, pharmaceuticals, rubber, synthetic fibers, petroleum products (plastics, shampoos, perfume, fertilizers, petrochemicals). • Environment: Clean up and prevent. Engineering Branches

  35. Materials Engineering • Materials Science: study what makes materials strong, stiff, fracture, fatigue, conductive, corrode, etc. • Materials Engineeringknowing the science… • Develop ways/new materials that improve material properties (strength, corrosion resistance, etc.) • Select right material for the job (mechanical, electrical, thermal, chemical properties, costs). • Graphite golf clubs, tiles on space shuttle, high strength/temperature alloys in turbines. http://www.testresources.com/ Engineering Branches

  36. Metallurgical Engineering • Extractive Metallurgy: remove metal from ores, refine, alloy. • Physical Metallurgy: study structure (microstructure), properties, processing  products. • Mechanical Metallurgy: develop/improve metal working processes (casting, forging, rolling, drawing). The Internet Microscope www.umist.ac.uk/intmic/ Engineering Branches

  37. Ceramic Engineering • Non-metallic minerals, clays, silicates (sand). • Glassware, tiles, bricks. • Semiconductors. • Solar panels, insulators. • Fiber optics. • High temperature applications. Engineering Branches

  38. Bio/Biomedical Engineering • Design diagnostic and theraputic devices. • Prostheses. • Pace makers, implants. • Bio-compatible materials. • Blood analyzers, imaging, lasers, life support systems. http://adam.about.com/surgery/100006.htm# Engineering Branches

  39. Architectural Engineering • Architects are primarily concerned with space use and aesthetics. • Architectural Engineers are concerned with building safety, cost, and sound construction methods. Engineering Branches

  40. Nuclear Engineering • Design, construct and operate nuclear power plant. • Nuclear submarines, space power. • Handle fuels, dispose of waste. • Medical applications (imaging). Engineering Branches

  41. Petroleum Engineering • Find and extract oil and natural gas. • Remove, transport and store. • Design processes, equipment and systems. • Refine into useful products (fuel, plastics). Engineering Branches

  42. Ocean Engineering Naval Architecture • Ocean EngineersDesign offshore platforms, harbors, underwater structures and machines. • Naval ArchitectsDesign ships and vessels. Engineering Branches

  43. Mining/Geological Engr. • Find, remove and transport (coal, metals, minerals). • Design processes, equipment and systems. • Return ground to natural state. Engineering Branches

  44. Manufacturing Engineering • Study behavior of materials. • Design systems, equipment and tools. • Manage overall manufacturing process. Engineering Branches

  45. Agricultural Engineering • Food production, processing, marketing, distribution. • Agricultural equipment, processes, structures. • Power, machinery, electricity. • Soil, water, forestry, bioengineering. • “Everything” to do with Ag. Engineering Branches

  46. Systems Engineering • Design, develop and operate large, complex systems. • Integration of components in a limited envelope.(e.g., a Boeing 747 has ~ million parts). • Math, computer applications, queuing (ordering) theory, simulation. Engineering Branches

  47. Other Engineering Branches Fire Protection Military Optical Software Engineering Branches 47

  48. UC Santa Barbara College of Engineering Chemical Engineering Computer Science Computer Engineering Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Materials Engineering (graduate) Engineering Branches 48

  49. Aerospace (AERO) Biomedical (BMED) Civil (CE) Computer Engr. (CMPE) Computer Science (CSC) Electrical (EE) Environmental (ENVE) General (GENE)* Industrial (IE) Manufacturing (MFGE) Materials (MATE) Mechanical (ME) Software (SE) Fire Protection (graduate) Cal Poly San Luis Obispo • College of Engineering Engineering Branches 49

  50. College of Architecture & Environmental Design Architectural Engineering (ARCE) College of Agriculture Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering (BRAE) Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Engineering Branches 50