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The Foundations of Entrepreneurship. The World of the Entrepreneur. Every year in the U.S., entrepreneurs launch 850,000 new businesses. Entrepreneurial spirit - the most significant economic development in recent history.

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The Foundations of Entrepreneurship


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    1. The Foundations of Entrepreneurship

    2. The World of the Entrepreneur • Every year in the U.S., entrepreneurs launch 850,000 new businesses. • Entrepreneurial spirit - the most significant economic development in recent history. • GEM study: 11.3 percent of adult population in the U.S. is actively involved in trying to start a new business. Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    3. Source: 2004 Global Entrepreneurship Monitor.

    4. The World of the Entrepreneur • GEM study • Globally 9.4 percent of adults are actively engaged in trying to start a business. • Men are twice as likely as women to start a business (exactly the opposite trend in the U.S., however). • Nearly one-third of global entrepreneurs are between the ages of 25 and 44. Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    5. What Is an Entrepreneur? One who creates a new business in the face of risk and uncertainty for the purpose of achieving profit and growth by identifying opportunities and assembling the necessary resources to capitalize on them. Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    6. Characteristics of Entrepreneurs • Desire for responsibility • Preference for moderate risk – risk eliminators • Confidence in their ability to succeed • Desire for immediate feedback • High level of energy • Future orientation – serial entrepreneurs • Skilled at organizing • Value achievement over money Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    7. Entrepreneurship • One characteristic of entrepreneurs stands out: Diversity! • Anyone – regardless of age, race, gender, color, national origin, or any other characteristic – can become an entrepreneur (although not everyone should). Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    8. Benefits of Entrepreneurship The opportunity to: • Create your own destiny • Make a difference • Reach your full potential • Reap impressive profits • Contribute to society and to be recognized for your efforts • Do what you enjoy and to have fun at it Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    9. Drawbacks of Entrepreneurship • Uncertainty of income • Risk of losing your entire investment • Long hours and hard work • Lower quality of life until the business gets established • High levels of stress • Complete responsibility • Discouragement Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    10. Feeding the Entrepreneurial Fire • Entrepreneurs as heroes • Entrepreneurial education • Demographic and economic factors • Shift to a service economy • Technological advancements • Independent lifestyle • E-commerce and the World Wide Web Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    11. Feeding the Entrepreneurial Fire • Entrepreneurs as heroes • Entrepreneurial education • Demographic and economic factors • Shift to a service economy • Technological advancements • Independent lifestyles • E-commerce and the World Wide Web • International opportunities Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    12. The Cultural Diversity of Entrepreneurship • Young entrepreneurs • Women entrepreneurs Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    13. Source: Center for Women’s Business Research, 2004.

    14. The Cultural Diversity of Entrepreneurship • Young entrepreneurs • Women entrepreneurs • Minority-owned enterprises • Immigrant entrepreneurs • Part-time entrepreneurs Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    15. The Cultural Diversity of Entrepreneurship • Home-based businesses • Family businesses • Copreneurs • Corporate castoffs • Corporate dropouts Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    16. Source: U.S. Small Business Administration, 2005.

    17. Small Businesses... • Make up 99.7 percent of all businesses in the U.S. • Employ 51 percent of the nation’s private sector workforce. • Create more jobs than big businesses. • Are leaders in offering training and advancement opportunities to workers. Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    18. Small Businesses... • Produce 51 percent of the nation’s private GDP. • Account for 47 percent of business sales. • Create 13X more innovations per employee than large companies. • Zipper, FM radio, laser, air conditioning, escalator, light bulb, personal computer, automatic transmission, and many more! Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    19. Source: NFIB Business Policy Guide, 2003, p. 16.

    20. Ten Deadly Mistakes of Entrepreneurship • Management mistakes • Lack of experience • Poor financial control • Weak marketing efforts • Failure to develop a strategic plan Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    21. Ten Deadly Mistakes of Entrepreneurship • Uncontrolled growth • Poor location • Improper inventory control • Incorrect pricing • Inability to make the “entrepreneurial transition” Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    22. Putting Failure into Perspective • Entrepreneurs are not paralyzed by the prospect of failure. • Failure – a natural part of the creative process. • Successful entrepreneurs learn to fail intelligently. Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship

    23. Avoiding the Pitfalls of Small Business Failure • Know your business in depth • Develop a solid business plan • Manage financial resources • Understand financial statements • Learn to manage people effectively • Keep in tune with yourself Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship