Israel and GazaAccording to the 5 Dimensions From 2005-Present
Dimension 1: Who is Involved? • Intergroup- Palestinians fighting amongst themselves- (Hamas v. Fatah) • International- Both Palestinians in Gaza and the Israelis have allies internationally and support the conflict through $$$ and arms • Iran, Turkey, Arab countries (less since Arab Spring) • US, EU, Canada and Israel consider Hamas a terrorist organization • Transboundary-they are fighting over a border
Dimension #2 What are the sources of the Conflict • Conflict over Resources: they are fighting over control of land Palestine/Israel • Conflict over Values: Religion and the ties to the land are significant for both sides • Conflict over Psychological needs: Palestinians want the right to “self-determination”- • Self-Determination is the right of a people to govern itself and chose the political and legal status of the territory it occupies (Evans 497).
Dimension #3: Relationships between conflicting parties • In biblical terms the Muslims and the Jews are both Children of Abraham • Relationship is characterized as hostile, suspicious, and emotionally tense • There is a tremendous power imbalance (Israel is militarily and economically stronger) • There is also an interdependence- Gaza is reliant on Israel for supplies being let into the territory
Dimension #3: Continued • Currently a positive relationship is not valued-Hamas’ charter seeks to destroy Israel • “There is no solution to the Palestinian problem except by Jihad. The initiatives, proposals and International Conferences are but a waste of time, an exercise in futility. The Palestinian people are too noble to have their future, their right and their destiny submitted to a vain game” (Article 13 Hamas Charter).
Dimension #3: Continued • Article 16 The Jihad for the liberation of Palestine is an individual duty • While there are cultural similarities-the relationship is extremely hostile
Dimension #4: What is the History of the Conflict? • CNN Timeline • http://www.cnn.com/2012/11/20/world/timeline-gaza-israel-conflict/
Dimension #5: How do we choose to deal with the conflict? • There is a pattern of engagement usually through direct force • These periods are met with attempts to diffuse the conflict such as cease-fires • Goldstone report and its subsequent retraction is an example of data gathering • In periods of calm the parties use avoidance