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Who Dunnit?

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  1. Who Dunnit? A Park High School Murder Mystery

  2. Overview • What is Forensics? • Words you need to know • Types of Evidence • Who is involved? • What are the steps in the process?

  3. What is Forensics? • “the application of scientific practices within the legal process” –Webster Dictionary • Forensic Evidence- any materials found at a crime scene • These may be left behind by the perpetrator of a crime, the victim, or by people unrelated to the crime • Any evidence: hair fibers, clothing, fibers, blood, fluids, foot or dental impressions, parts or pieces of materials, etc. • Investigators, or Criminalists, gather, analyze and interpret forensic evidence • Source: http://www.yourdiscovery.com/crime/_home/index.shtml

  4. Words you need to know • CRIME SCENE: Any physical location in which a crime has occurred or is suspected of having occurred. • Primary Crime Scene: The original location of a crime or accident • Secondary Crime Scene: An alternate location where additional evidence may be found • Suspect: Person thought to be capable of committing a crime • Accomplice: Person associated with someone suspected of committing a crime • Alibi: Statement of where a suspect was at the time a crime was committed Source: http://www3.sc.maricopa.edu/ajs/crime_scene_technician.htm

  5. Types of Evidence Testimonialevidence includes oral or written statements given to police as well as court testimony by people who witnessed an event. Physicalevidence refers to any material items that would be present at the crime scene, on the victims, or found in a suspect’s possession. Trace evidence refers to physical evidence that is found in small but measurable amounts, such as strands of hair, fibers, or skin cells. Source: http://www3.sc.maricopa.edu/ajs/crime_scene_technician.htm

  6. Who is Involved? • The Police • The Criminalists • CSI Personnel- photograph scene, collect and label all evidence • Latent Print Examiners- analyze fingerprints, palm prints, and footprints found at a crime scene and compare them against known criminals prints • Firearms Examiners- analyze trajectory of bullets, make of guns, and ballistic properties of bullets • Toolmark Examiners- determine tools used in a crime and the materials they are made from • Document Examiners- analyze documents to determine handwritings, physical and chemical properties of an ink or paper • Trace Evidence Examiners- analyze trace evidence such as soil, fibers, dust, or skin • Source: http://www.yourdiscovery.com/crime/_home/index.shtml

  7. Who is Involved? (cont.) • Forensic Scientists • Pathologists- determine how the body functions in life and death, determine time of death (TOD) and what happened in the body leading up to death • Anthropologists- identify skeletal remains, determine age, race, sex, height and weight of a victim, and whether the bones found points to foul play or not • Odontologists- analyze shape, size, alignment, chips, cracks, and dental work of teeth to identify a person • Entomologists- uses life stages and presence of certain bugs to determine time of death on badly decomposed bodies • Coroners and Medical Examiners • Responsible for identifying the body, determining time and cause of death and signing the death certificate • Source: http://www.yourdiscovery.com/crime/_home/index.shtml

  8. Steps in the Process? • Step 1: Interview • The first step in investigating a crime scene is to interview the first officer at the scene or the victim to determine what allegedly happened, what crime took place, and how was the crime committed. This information may not be factual information but it will give the investigators a place to start. • Step 2: Examine • The second step in the investigation of a crime scene, which will help identify possible evidence, identify the point of entry and point of exit, and outline the general layout of the crime scene. Source: http://www.feinc.net/cs-proc.htm

  9. Steps in the Process? • Step 3: Document • The third step in the protocol involves creating a pictorial record of the scene as well as a rough sketch to demonstrate the layout of the crime scene and to identify the exact position of the deceased victim or other evidence within the crime scene. • Step 4: Process • This is the last step in the protocol. The crime scene technician will process the crime scene for evidence, both physical and testimonial evidence. It is the crime scene technicians responsibility to identify, evaluate and collect physical evidence from the crime scene for further analysis by a crime laboratory. Source: http://www.feinc.net/cs-proc.htm

  10. What Evidence Would You Collect? Mock Crime Scene: http://www.masss.gov