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Civil Service: Friend or Foe to State Public Health Departments. Patricia M. Sweeney, JD, MPH, RN Center for Public Health Practice Graduate School of Public Health University of Pittsburgh psweeney@pitt.edu. Background. Phase One:

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Patricia m sweeney jd mph rn center for public health practice

Civil Service: Friend or Foe to State Public Health Departments

Patricia M. Sweeney, JD, MPH, RN

Center for Public Health Practice

Graduate School of Public Health University of Pittsburgh

psweeney@pitt.edu


Background
Background to State Public Health Departments

Phase One:

  • Identified the positions most difficult for state public health departments to recruit

    • Entry level RN

    • Most senior level epidemiologist


Background1
Background to State Public Health Departments

Phase Two:

  • Assessed the degree to which state health departments utilized competencies when determining the suitability of job candidates


Competencies
Competencies to State Public Health Departments

  • AACON

    • Baccalaureate nursing

  • Quad Council

    • Public health nursing

  • Council on Linkages

    • Public health core

  • CSTE and CDC

    • Epidemiology


  • Purpose
    Purpose to State Public Health Departments

    Phase Three:

    • Define distribution of responsibility for state public health hiring and promotion

    • Describe the impact of state civil service laws upon the state public health personnel systems


    Methods
    Methods to State Public Health Departments

    • Identified market responsive personnel system procedures

    • Developed a survey instrument

    • Validated tool

    • Surveys mailed to each state and territorial health department


    Patricia m sweeney jd mph rn center for public health practice

    Department/agency to State Public Health Departments

    responsible for public health department personnel functions in your state

    State Administrative /

    Human Resource Office

    Collective Bargaining

    Agreement

    State Health Department

    The State Legislature

    State Civil Service

    Commission

    Do not know:

    Other

    N/A

    • Department/agency

    • responsible for public health department

    • personnel functions


    Patricia m sweeney jd mph rn center for public health practice

    Forbids/ to State Public Health Departments

    constrains

    Mandates/

    permits

    Other

    Civil service law impact upon state public health department personnel functions

    N/A


    Results
    Results to State Public Health Departments

    Received completed surveys from 28 states


    Patricia m sweeney jd mph rn center for public health practice

    Department/agency to State Public Health Departments

    responsible for public health department personnel functions in your state

    State Administrative /

    Human Resource Office

    Collective Bargaining

    Agreement

    State Health Department

    State Civil Service

    Commission

    The State Legislature

    Do not know:

    N/A

    • Department/agency

    • responsible for public health department

    • personnel functions


    Patricia m sweeney jd mph rn center for public health practice

    Forbids/ to State Public Health Departments

    constrains

    Mandates/

    permits

    Civil service law impact upon state public health department personnel functions

    N/A


    Reported impact of civil service laws
    Reported impact of civil service laws to State Public Health Departments


    Methods1
    Methods to State Public Health Departments

    Analyzed State Civil Service Laws

    • Distribution of personnel system responsibilities

    • Recruitment authority

    • Salary control

    • Market exceptions


    Findings
    Findings to State Public Health Departments


    Findings1
    Findings to State Public Health Departments


    Implications
    Implications to State Public Health Departments

    • Legal framework critical

      • Departments set minimum qualifications

      • Critical position carve outs

      • Authorize higher pay

    • Implementation of law equally critical


    Needed research
    Needed research to State Public Health Departments

    • Regulations and policies which implement civil service laws

    • Mechanisms used for promotion of the publichealth workforce .

    • Mechanism to minimize the impact of collective bargaining


    Patricia m sweeney jd mph rn center for public health practice

    Civil Service: Friend or Foe of State Public Health Departments

    Patricia M. Sweeney, JD, MPH, RN

    Center for Public Health Practice

    Graduate School of Public Health University of Pittsburgh

    psweeney@pitt.edu