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Quaestio : How and against whom did Monarchs compete for power in Medieval Europe? Nunc Agenda : Answer the questions on your sheet using pages 248-249 in the textbook. Balance of Power. Three groups competing for power during Middle Ages: Monarchs Nobles The Church

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Quaestio: How and against whom did Monarchs compete for power in Medieval Europe?Nunc Agenda: Answer the questions on your sheet using pages 248-249 in the textbook

balance of power
Balance of Power
  • Three groups competing for power during Middle Ages:
    • Monarchs Nobles The Church
  • All three had their own courts, armies, and tax collectors
  • High Middle Ages (1000-1300): Monarchs centralize power
  • Townspeople supported strong Monarchies because they provided peace and unity that was better for trade
william the conqueror
William the Conqueror
  • When Rome fell, Britannia was invaded and settled by Germanic AnglesandSaxons, and later Vikings
  • 1066- Anglo-Saxon KingEdward died with noheir, brother-in lawchosen as new king
  • William, Duke ofNormandy (in NorthernFrance) and relative ofKing Edward, invadedEngland and becamethe new King “Williamthe Conqueror”
english kings grow strong
English Kings Grow Strong
  • William expanded royal power by
    • Requiring vassals to swear allegiance to him before their lord
    • Keeping many lands for himself alone
    • Domesday Book (1086) - Census (population count) of England used to create an organized tax system
  • 1154- King Henry II expanded royal power by
    • Creating royal laws which applied to all of England and overruled the feudal laws of local lords
    • Claiming the right to putclergyon trial, and sending his knights to kill the Archbishop of Canterbury for opposing him
reminder balance of power
REMINDERBalance of Power
  • Three groups competing for power during Middle Ages:
    • Monarchs Nobles The Church
limits on royal power
Limits on Royal Power

John

  • King John Lackland(son of Henry II, brother of Richard) had three enemies and he lost to all of them:
    • King Philip II of France (Monarch)- Beat John in war and took over the English-controlled lands of Normandy & Anjou (today in France)
    • Pope Innocent III (Church)- Excommunicated John for opposing his choice for archbishop AND placed England under interdict until John accepted England as a fief of the Pope
    • His own Barons (Nobles)- Forced John to sign the Magna Cartaor “Great Charter” which limited the king’s power and gave rights to the nobles (and English)
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