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HIGHER/INTERMEDIATE 2 PE. Basketball Structures and Strategies. DESCRIBING FAST BREAK. Objective Situations when you would run fast break 3 phases and 3 Roles Use diagrams Be clear Describe your role within the fast break if asked (qualities required)

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  1. HIGHER/INTERMEDIATE 2 PE • Basketball Structures and Strategies

  2. DESCRIBING FAST BREAK • Objective • Situations when you would run fast break • 3 phases and 3 Roles • Use diagrams • Be clear • Describe your role within the fast break if asked (qualities required) Q.Describe, in detail, a Structure, Strategy, or Composition you have used in an activity of your choice.

  3. TECHNICAL, PHYSICAL AND PERSONAL QUALITIES REQUIRED WHEN APPLYING STRATEGIES Q. Select a Strategy. Discuss the strengths a performer requires to successfully implement this Strategy.

  4. ROLES AND RELATIONSHIPSFAST BREAK • Relationships is to do with the balance of the team and communication. • It is essential to understand what your individual responsibilities are and how this relates to your team. E.g. Responsibilities of the Centre • Collect rebound and make outlet pass to guard • Centre should then fill lane the guard has left empty • Move quickly up the court slightly in front of the guard as they are the second option of attack • Read the game, watch for pass to be made to forward • Once pass is made, cut into the basket ready to receive the rebound if lay-up is unsuccessful • If centre receives the pass, move into the key and finish with a lay-up

  5. GROUP AND TEAM PRINCIPLESFAST BREAK • Communication • Width (creates space) • Depth (provides support) • Mobility (Ability of a team to adapt/change their actions depending on the actions of the opposition)

  6. TACTICAL OR DESIGN ELEMENTS • Tactical Elements are about: • Recognising opponents individual and team weaknesses and knowing how best to apply a structure/ strategy which can take advantage of highlighted weaknesses • Using individual and our team’s strengths to select, apply and adapt a structure/strategy (Must also consider our weaknesses + opponents strengths) Q. Discuss the importance of two of the following to ensure the effective performance of your chosen structure/strategy: - Roles and Relationships - Group and Team principles - Tactical or Design Elements

  7. METHODS OF ANALYSIS • Video Analysis - Dartfish Software • Data Collection Sheets – in conjunction with video • Initial Data Collection – E.g. Fast break: Phases 1 and 2 were performed well with problems mostly occurring at Phase 3. • Focussed Data Collection – E.g. Fast Break: Specific weakness was in the final part of the 3rd phase as the timing of the forwards run meant he/she was unable to drive to the basket and perform a lay-up. • Knowledge of Results • External feedback from coach

  8. STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSESOF A FAST BREAK • Works well against zone defence • Creates an easy opportunity to break through the defence (2V1 or 3V2) • A fast break can cause mismatches towards man to man defence • Discourages opponents from sending too many players to the offensive board to rebound for fear of not having enough players to defend • Motivates a team to play good defence and rebound • Speed of attack puts pressure on players • Ability levels of players must be high • Could create a mismatch in opponents favour

  9. PROGRAMME OF WORKFAST BREAK • Fast Break Drill – 3V0 (Unopposed) • Wave Drill – 3V1, 3V2 (Passive) • 3V2 Pressure Drill • 3V3 Pressure Drill Q. Choose an activity and a structure/strategy you have used. Describe how you planned your practice of this structure/strategy to ensure you were prepared to apply and adapt it as performance circumstances required.

  10. ADAPTING THE STRATEGY • During the game, circumstances may occur which require you to adapt or change your strategy. • E.G. the defence will eventually counter your fast break by tightly/double marking your forward. • Identify what the problem is. • Make a change to the strategy. • Monitor/Evaluate adaptation to ensure performance remains effective.

  11. ADAPTING THE STRATEGYFAST BREAK • Pass to centre • Cross-over – confuses defence with forward finishing the attack • Guard receives pass back from forward • Horseshoe – series of quick passes made, until one player has space to drive in or take a shot

  12. ALTERNATIVE STRATEGY1 MAN FAST BREAK Strengths of the 1 man fast break • Fast break creates the easiest way to score, the lay – up • Attack can take place before the opponents are set to play defence or rebound • Creates an attacking overload (1v0) Weaknesses of the 1 man fast break • If our team does not win the rebound the opposition have a 3v2 attacking overload • The guard will tire quickly • If the opposition player fakes and our guard runs then the opposition have a 3v2 attacking overload • The pass from the centre/forward must be accurate and played with the correct weight. This would be difficult when under pressure in the key.

  13. MONITORING AND EVALUATINGMETHODS USED • Video • Verbal feedback from teacher • Data collection sheets • Knowledge of Results • Monitoring the reaction of the defence


  15. DESCRIBING ZONE/MAN TO MAN • Zone Defence – Each player has responsibility to mark a particular area within the zone. • Man to Man Defence - Each player has responsibility to mark a particular opponent. • Principles of Play/Roles and Relationships • Use Diagrams • From an activity of your choice, describe two Structures, Strategies or Compositions you have used.

  16. STRENGTHS OF ZONE DEFENCE • Good starting position for fast break when ball is intercepted • Area around the basket is closely defended • Good positioning for rebound • Players in danger of being "fouled out" can be protected • Changing to zone defence can disrupt any positive rhythm that the opposing team may have built up • Defensive players can be assigned positions according to their height and defensive capabilities

  17. WEAKNESSES OF ZONE DEFENCE POSSIBLE REASONS FOR CHANGING STRATEGY • If the opposition have high percentage outside shooters the zone will be limited in its effectiveness • A tall team may still be able to rebound against us • If the zone is too slow to shift as a unit, the opposition will be able to create space both inside and outside the key • The zone does not put players bringing the ball up the court under pressure giving them time to set up their strategy

  18. STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF MAN TO MAN DEFENCE • Definite responsibility for each player • Possible to match opponents for size, speed and ability • It is easy to see who is falling down in defence • Only possible defence to use when wanting to force play when your team is behind. • If our team does not play help defence then the opposition will get easy drives at the basket. • If they are a taller team mismatches will occur. • If dragged out of position, there will not be enough defensive rebounds. • Very demanding physically - Demands fitness and skill. • Draws more fouls


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