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Introduction to Geographical Information Science RSG620

Introduction to Geographical Information Science RSG620. Week 1 April 11, 2013 Department of RS and GISc Institute of Space Technology, Karachi. Introduction of the Course. Course Schedule Class/Lab: Day: Every Wednesdya Time: 05:00 PM – 09:00 PM Office Hours

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Introduction to Geographical Information Science RSG620

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  1. Introduction to Geographical Information ScienceRSG620 Week 1 April 11, 2013 Department of RS and GISc Institute of Space Technology, Karachi

  2. Introduction of the Course • Course Schedule Class/Lab: • Day: Every Wednesdya • Time: 05:00 PM – 09:00 PM • Office Hours • Check my availability and drop-in • Name of Instructor: • Arjumand Zaidi • Email of Instructor: • Arjumand.zaidi@ist.edu.pk

  3. Introduction of the Class • Self introduction of the instructor and students • Students interests, background, familiarity with the subject • What are the goals of students after getting MS degree? • How students think that this course will help in achieving their goals?

  4. Class Environment • I expect an interactive class session – • two way flow of knowledge • Questions from class are very much encouraged • Stop me wherever the concept is not clear • If it’s not affecting the pace of the lecture, ask as many question as you think will help you learning the concept • BUT unnecessary delays in covering the course material should be avoided

  5. Purpose of the Course • To learn basics of Geographic Information Science • Hands-on-training of GIS software • Get to know multidisciplinary applications of GIS • Students should get prepared or at least start thinking about the potential areas/topic for their thesis

  6. Course Outline • Course Syllabus • Reading material will be provided in class if required • Name of reference books and other reference material will be provided time to time • Text Book – • Paul Bolstad: GIS Fundamentals (theory) • GIS Tutorial: Basic Workbook (lab exercises) • Student should be prepared for in class exercises

  7. Text Book (Theory) • GIS Fundamental: A First Text on Geographical Information Systems (Third Edition) • website: http://fr.cfans.umn.edu/courses/FRx131/index.html

  8. Text Book (Lab) • GIS Tutorial 1: Basic Workbook, 4th Edition • ESRI Press • Website: http://esripress.esri.com/display/index.cfm?fuseaction=display&websiteID=184&moduleID=29

  9. Topics to be Covered

  10. Labs • Main focus on using ArcGIS tools and methods • Viewing • Editing and creating GIS data • Queries • Geo-processing • Geo-referencing • Modeling • Presenting maps (labeling, layouts)

  11. Homework/Project/Quiz/Exams • Homework: Students will be required to do homework and lab assignments • Quiz: 4 – 6 in class Quiz (both surprise and informed) • Lab Quiz: 2 or 3 Lab Quiz during lab sessions • 1 Midterm: In class exams (whatever course covered) • Lab Exam • Final Exam: Comprehensive coverage of the course

  12. Term Project • Student are required to chose a topic of their interest (group project: 2 to 3 students) • Work with Core Elements of GIS • Create Geographic Data • Analyze Data • Represent Data • At the end of the semester (last week of classes) the project report will be submitted by the students with delivering a formal presentation (15 mins presentation) • The final report will consist of a detailed description of all Core Elements of GIS of your project

  13. Guidelines for Terms Project How to start • Frame a problem • A brief statement about what you want to accomplish? • Examples? • List important factors to be considered in light of your problem statement

  14. Modes of Evaluation • Typically the assessment will be based on some or all of the following: • Quizzes Unannounced 10-15 min: ~ 15% • Midterm Announced: ~ 30% • Assignments : ~5% • Lab Reports (1/lab-meeting - as per Instructor’s requirement ) • Projects (As per Instructor’s requirement ~10 %) • Final Exam ( 3hr at the end of each Semester ~40%)

  15. Absolute Grading System • Grade %age Interpretation Grade Points • From To • A 85.00 100 Exceptional 4.00 • A- 80.00 84.99 3.67 • B+ 75.00 79.99 3.33 • B 70.00 74.99 Good 3.00 • B- 65.00 69.99 2.67 • C+ 60.00 64.99 2.33 • C 55.00 59.99 Mediocre 2.00 • F 0.00 54.99 Fail 0.00 • I Incomplete • W Withdrawal • (79.99 ≠ 80  79.99 = ‘B+’ grade)

  16. Application of GIS in Real world • Ask student for what background knowledge they have? • Do they have anything to share in this regard? • Few applications/case studies will be discussed in class • You will be knowing more applications throughout this program

  17. Examples of Applied GIS • Urban Planning, Management & Policy • Zoning, subdivision planning • Land acquisition • Economic development • Code enforcement • Housing renovation programs • Emergency response • Crime analysis • Tax assessment • Environmental Sciences • Monitoring environmental risk • Modeling stormwater runoff • Management of watersheds, floodplains, wetlands, forests, aquifers • Environmental Impact Analysis • Hazardous or toxic facility siting • Groundwater modeling and contamination tracking • Political Science • Redistricting • Analysis of election results • Predictive modeling • Civil Engineering/Utility • Locating underground facilities • Designing alignment for freeways, transit • Coordination of infrastructure maintenance • Business • Demographic Analysis • Market Penetration/ Share Analysis • Site Selection • Education Administration • Enrollment Projections • School Bus Routing • Real Estate • Neighborhood land prices • Traffic Impact Analysis • Determination of Highest and Best Use • Health Care • Epidemiology • Need Analysis • Service Inventory This slide Reference = Dr. Ronald Briggs The University of Texas at Dallas

  18. Agriculture Government Natural Resources Utilities Transportation Cities Security/Emergency Engineering GIS Application Sectors

  19. Application of GIS - Examples

  20. Application of GIS - Agriculture Satellite Based Crop Monitoring System in Pakistan

  21. Application of GIS – Hydro Power Pre-feasibility Study of Bunji Hydro Power Project using RS and GIS Technologies

  22. Application of GIS and RS– Disaster Mapping, Management and Mitigation Source: ESRI Webinar

  23. Application of GIS – Coastal Resources GIS/Remote Sensing based Assessment of Mangroves Resources of selected project sites of Indus Delta and Makran Coast

  24. CHINA Gilgit Swat Warsak Dam Tarbela Dam AFGHANISTAN Khanpur Dam Kabul Tanda Dam ISLAMABAD Mangla Dam Rasool Barrage Chashma Barrage MaralaHeadworks Qadirabad Chenab Jhelum LAHORE Trimmu Barrage BallokiHeadworks Ravi Taunsa Barrage SidhnaiHeadworks QUETTA Islam Headworks Sutlej INDIA PunjnadHeadworks Guddu Barrage Sukkur Barrage IRAN Flood/Rain Extent - 31 July 2010 Indus Flood/Rain Extent - 16 Aug 2010 Flood/Rain Extent - 27 Aug 2010 Kotri Barrage Flood/Rain Extent - 10 Sep 2010 KARACHI Flood/Rain Extent - 21 Sep 2010

  25. Steps for Successful GIS Analysis • Define goals • Choose best data model • Define boundaries of geographic region of interest • Identify existing spatial data • Determine coordinate system for analysis • Develop digital database • Document database (origin, quality) • Perform analyses • Report results • Update database Reference: Bolstad, Lectures

  26. Defineproblem Decision GIS Process Define GIScriteria Output Import orbuild datasets GISanalysis GIS Work Flow Defineproblem Decision GIS Process Define GIScriteria Output Import orbuild datasets GISanalysis

  27. Class Exercise • Define GIS in your own words • List some things you can do with GIS Reference: Bolstad, Lectures

  28. Free GIS ESRI Courses [Professional Certifications] • http://training.esri.com/gateway/index.cfm?fa=search.results&cannedsearch=2

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