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Daily Life of Ancient Greeks. Athenians and Spartans. Greek Society . Divided into Social Classes Aristocrats-wealthy/rich Small Farmers- owned land/rented land to farm Artisans/Merchants- foreigners who lived in city-state

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daily life of ancient greeks

Daily Life of Ancient Greeks

Athenians and Spartans

greek society
Greek Society
  • Divided into Social Classes
    • Aristocrats-wealthy/rich
    • Small Farmers- owned land/rented land to farm
    • Artisans/Merchants- foreigners who lived in city-state
    • Slaves- POW’s, bought in trade, or adopted babies who were abandoned.
greek family
Greek Family
  • Typical Family: Husband, Wife, and children (preferably boys)
  • Women at home
    • Raise children
    • Kept track of money and spending
    • Managed Slaves
    • Made Clothes
  • Men at war or involved in public life
  • Children are VERY IMPORTANT
clothes food and more
Clothes, Food and More…
  • Typical Clothing: Chitons
    • Women wore long Cloth to their feet
    • Children wore short chitons
    • Men wore combo of two chitons
    • Some barefoot some wore leather sandal shoes
    • Loved jewelry
  • Food:
    • Breakfast-bread dipped in wine
    • Lunch-bread and cheese
    • Dinner- meat if rich otherwise porridge
    • Olives used for cooking, lamps, cosmetics
essential question 3
Essential Question # 3
  • How did Athenians and Spartans differ? How did the difference influence the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars?



Oligarchy-ruled by few (older & more experienced rulers)

Citizens 30 or older

2 kings- one stays, other goes during battles


Ephors- five elected to oversee kings, education, and slaves

Strong Army

Took land to grow food for rising population

  • Direct Democracy
    • Citizens 18 or older
    • Assembly
    • Council
    • Courts
  • Strong Navy
  • Formed Allies and traded for food to feed people
social structure
Social Structure



Upper classes had all powers & privileges

Helots (slaves) did all non-military work

Women were free

Earn education

Managed estates and slaves

Bear healthy children

  • All male citizens were equal
  • Women were only allowed on jury
    • Taught children and stayed home
  • Metics (resident aliens)
lifestyle value
Lifestyle & Value




Not permitted to own luxuries-more worried about being the best military

  • Thinkers
    • Always invited other thinkers from other city-states to come and share thoughts
  • Culture (art, music, etc. )
    • Olympics-
    • Festivals



Babies -if born strong then taken home for a slave to nurse them so they don’t get attached, if not then thrown over cliff to die

Boys taken at 7 to Agoge (barracks) to train in the art of war

Allowed to lie, cheat, and steal, but if caught then beaten

Girls taken at age 7 to train in reading, writing, sports and survival

  • Boys taught at home until 6/7 then off to school as well as girls
    • Schools separate
  • Boys taught reading, writing, math, music, poetry, and sports
  • Girls taught homemaking skills
role of women
Role of Women



Enjoyed more freedom


Expected to protect land while husband was at war

Must bare strong healthy babies to become warriors

  • Women not citizens
  • Only allowed on jury
  • Stayed home to take care of household duties
  • Rarely allowed in public unless accompanied by a slave
cultural achievements
Cultural Achievements



Simple Lifestyle

Stories of courage and discipline

Phalanx- infantry with long spears, drawn up in close order with shields overlapping.

Never gave up

  • Arts & Architecture
    • Mosaics & Pottery
    • Parthenon
  • Philosophy
    • Plato
    • Aristotle
    • Socrates
  • Literature/Poetry
    • Epic Poems
    • Drama/Festivals