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Approach to a Low Carbon Society. Green Mekong Forum 21 Oct. 2013, Bangkok, Thailand. International Trade & Industries in Kitakyushu. Actions and Technologies for a Low Carbon Society. Moji Port in 1935. Bangkok. Yawata Steel Works in 1901. TOTO in 1920. City of Kitakyushu, Japan.

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Green Mekong Forum 21 Oct. 2013, Bangkok, Thailand


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    1. Approach to a Low Carbon Society Green Mekong Forum 21 Oct. 2013, Bangkok, Thailand International Trade & Industries in Kitakyushu Actions and Technologies for a Low Carbon Society Moji Port in 1935 Bangkok Yawata Steel Works in 1901 TOTO in 1920 City of Kitakyushu, Japan

    2. Contents ◆History of Kitakyushu City ◆ Approach to a Low carbon Society ☑ Strategy 1: Urban Development   ☑ Strategy 2:Social Development ☑ Strategy 3:Industrial Development ☑ Strategy4: Human Development ☑ Strategy 5:Development in Asia ◆Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society 2

    3. History of Kitakyushu City ~Overcoming Severe Environmental Pollution~ 3

    4. Overcoming Severe Environmental Pollution In 1960s Present Citizen enjoying Blue Sky Worst Air Pollution caused closing a school Swimming at Dokai Bay “The Dokai Bay, Sea of Death” Erode Screw of ship and E. coli bacteriadied. Recovered Blue Skies and Sea, People Enjoying Environment Kitakyushu’s success was introduced by the OECD’s Environmental Report as “from Grey City to Green City” in 1985. 4

    5. Overcoming Severe Environmental Pollution Murasaki River Present 1960s 5

    6. Partnerships among stakeholders Learning how to measure air pollution levels with a university professor Residents’ observation of a private company Partnership Pollution monitoring & environmental infrastructure Cleaner Production & pollution control equipment 6

    7. Approach to Sustainable Development 7

    8. Kitakyushu Green Frontier Plan made and shared by Local Multi-Stakeholders in 2009 Target: Society with prosperity accumulated over generations Developing Economically Through Environmental Actions Enhancing the Sustainability of the City Living Together, Creating Together CO2Reduction Target with 40% of Economic Growth in2050 ☑City Area:50% ☑Asian Region: equivalent to 150% of Kitakyushu’s Emission Strategies Development In Asia Human Development Social Development Urban Development Industrial Development 8

    9. CO2 Emission in Kitakyushu CO2 emission amount (106 tons) 1990 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 year Base Year of Green Frontier Plan Start of Kitakyushu Green Frontier Plan 9

    10. CO2 Emission in 2010 Industrial Processes Waste Industrial Processes Waste 2.1% Residential 3.5% 2.3% Residential 5.2% Commercial & Other Sector 5.9% Energy Conversion Energy Conversion 14.4% 7.9% 6.8% 1.9% Commercial & Other Sector Transportation 9.5% 18.2% Industries Industries 35.4% 67.4% Transportation 19.5% 1,192 Million ton CO2 17.305 Million ton CO2 Japan City of Kitakyushu 10

    11. Strategy 1 Urban Development 11

    12. Lowcarbon Urban Structure Wind Power Photovoltaic Generation Electric Vehicle LED Green Roof PV Roof PV Arcade in noon PVat Promenade LED Arcade in night City Bicycle with Electric Assistance “Murasakigawa River with Renewable Energy Project” CO2 reduction 10,000 tons/5 years + Active economy 12

    13. Integrated Local Energy Systemwith 30%Reduction of CO2 Sustainable Urban Development Higashida Co-Generation System with high efficiency CO2 Reduction:20% Photovoltaic generation Micro grid Water Front Area →Thermal Supply for Factories Space World →Electric Supply for Town Factory Area Environmentally Friendly Housing Community Centre Information Industry Area Residence Education Area Train Station Higashida Green VillageArea 13

    14. Rich Nature with Biodiversity Hiraodai Karst Plateau Sone Tidal Flat Limulina Largest number in Japan Larus saundersi (Migratory: China~Japan) Biodiversity 14

    15. Strategy 2 Social Development 15

    16. Eco Vehicles and Driving with Low Emission Charger Network for EV TOYOTA’s Fuel Cell Vehicle Kokurakita-WardOffice Every day and 24 hours Free of Charge Electric Vehicle and Quick Charger 16

    17. Environmental Activities on Citizens Local and Group Collection Guidance for sorting domestic waste at source Carried out by 10,000 citizens (July, 2006) Recovery Station Reduction of Domestic Waste Generation Composting Equipment 17

    18. Strategy 3 Industrial Development 18

    19. Sustainable Industrial Development Kitakyushu Eco-Town(First one in Japan) Facilitating Resource Circulation and Eco-Industries Comprehensive Eco-Industrial Complex, Hibiki Recycling Area Industrial Plants: 26 Practical Research Area Practical Research Facilities : 15 Outcome of Projects Environment: Reduction of Environmental Impact/0.2 million ton CO2, Saving Resources and Energy Economy: Investment: 60 billion yen (Private sector: 68.6%, Government Sector: 31.4%) Employees: 1,300 people Visitors: 840,000 people (as of March 2010) 19

    20. Smart Community Project Hydrogen (by-product) 副生水素 Power grid Natural Gas Co-Generation System Large Scale Battery IT grid Wind Power 15,000 kw (Virtual) Hydrogen Network Smart Community Center スマート コミュニティ センター Smart Building Rent-a-cycle Station Fuel cells Hydrogen Supply Station Smart School Term: 2010 to 2014 Investment: $ 190 million CO2 Reduction: 50% Renewable Energy: 10% Photovoltaic Generation Smart Data Center Smart Houses Realization of optimized energy use per region, through coordination between new and mainstay energy sources and introduction of a control system for both energy supply and demand. 20

    21. Water recycling Plant ① Sewage water membrane treatment area JR Kokura Station ② Membrane filtration area (2F: Monitoring Building) Kitakyushu City Hall Hiagari Water Treatment Center Location of Water Plaza Water Plaza Computer generated images ③ Testbed area Water Plaza is: A water recycling pilot plant combining membrane filtration of waste water and seawater desalination (capacity: 1,400m3/day)    ・Development & demonstration of world- class technology    ・Showroom function for communicating information    ・Application in field training of overseas trainees Seawater collection point Water output from sewage water 1,000m3/day Output from seawater 400m3/day Wastewater release point Sea 100 m # Startup in FY2010 (schedule) 21

    22. Strategy 4: Human Development 22

    23. Human Development with True Wealth Kitakyushu ESD Council ESD: Education for Sustainable Development Home, Public life (platform) Environment Society Education Environmental Facilities, etc. Communities Kindergartens, Nurseries CBOs, NPOs Schools Museums Research Institutes Municipality Universities, etc Economy & Information Private Sector Mass Media RCE(Regional Centre of Expertise) certificated byUnited Nations University Environmental Textbooks for Students from Kindergarten to Junior High School Children’s Environmental Activity 23

    24. Create Sustainable Society by Ourselves Governance and Collaboration among Stakeholders Independent Citizen Society & New Public Commons Kitakyushu Eco Life Stage 500,000 participants a year Joint Declaration by local multi-stakeholders Flower plantation by citizens 24

    25. Strategy 5 Development in Asia 25

    26. International Cooperation in Asia 138 countries 6,207 people As of 31 March 2011 Number of Participants from Overseas (KITA) City-to-City International Environmental Cooperation International Cooperation Organisatons in Kitakyushu Japan International Cooperation (JICA) Kyushu International Centre Kitakyushu International Techno-cooperative Association (KITA) Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) Kitakyushu Urban Centre Kitakyushu Forum on Asian Women (KFAW) Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society Joint Beach Cleaning Project by 10 cities of 3 countries

    27. Project with Rayong, Thailand Eco-town cooperation project with Rayong, Thailand Started in 2010 27

    28. Composting Project in Surabaya, Indonesia International Cooperation in Surabaya Environmental Pollution at Landfill Site (Before) Expert from Kitakyushu instructs how to make compost at community. Amount of Reclaimed Solid Waste Compost from Solid Waste Expanded to 30,000 households, as well as other cities and countries, and 30% reduction of solid waste landfill in Surabaya 28

    29. Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society 29

    30. Asian Center for Low Carbon Society Accumulating environmental technologies, for building low carbon societies in Asia through business skills President President Advisory Board KITA Hiroshi Komiyama (Former President of University of Tokyo) Asia Green Camp IGES CITY Utilize regional resources ☑Integrate excellent environmental technologies  ・Resources-saving or energy-saving technologies  ・Cleaner Production ☑ a network of Asian cites Assistant technology transfer Promotion of carbon reduction & vitalization of economy in Asia Conduct Surveys, Researches& info. release Develop Specialists 30

    31. Kitakyushu Model “Experience of Environment-Conscious City”+ “High-Techs of Private Companies” = “Provision of Comprehensive Urban Solution” ◎ Provision of comprehensive urban solution using Kitakyushu model ◎ Creation of environment-conscious city by urban environment infrastructure development of public-private cooperation <Provision of comprehensive urban solution using Kitakyushu model> Examining Industrialization Challenge Issue Inspection & plan Environment-conscious City ○formation of steering body (SPC, etc.) ○Construction of facilities ○Business start up ○Steering body ○Government agency○Industrialization validation ○Fund-raising ○Waste problem ○Water shortage ○Energy deficiency ○Air pollution ○Understanding of present situation ○Arrangement of stakeholder ○Master plan preparation ○Formation of verification system ○Verification of effect of environment, economy and sociality point of view <Kitakyushu Model> Kitakyushu City (Experience of city renovation ) Consultant/ Expertise (Professional know-how) Private company (Local business operation) Government agencies (Cooperation in government level) <Merit of Kitakyushu Model> Kitakyushu Model is a methodology for carbon reduction and sustainable urbanism in Asia, especially in industrial areas combined with the global standard platform (provided by Arup, a leading urban planning and constructing company )and experience of Kitakyushu. The approach specialized in Asia that cannot be supported by the model of Europe assuming the zoning policy is possible. Harmony of industrial area and residential area in Kitakyushu City 31

    32. Exporting Green City Waste water disposal Waste disposal From only basic treatment through septic tanks to development of sewage improvement plans suited for the on-the-spot conditions From open dumping to reducing and recycling through intermediate waste disposal Cogeneration & energy conservation Introducing the efficient energy management system Investigating methods for quantifying CO2 reduction As for operations being conducted in Surabaya, methods for quantifying reducible volumes of CO2 are being investigated. Surabaya Industrial Estate Rungkut (SIER) Export of technology and knowledge from Kitakyushu Smart Community project Tap-water purification Drinking water supply operations Installing water supply equipment in the community that could purify tap-water(though not drinkable) and providing safe, reliable water Providing inexpensive clean drinking water through solar panels and water purification equipment Kitakyushu City Surabay City Inter-city Cooperation 32

    33. We welcome your visit to Kitakyushu. For Further Information, please contact; Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society City of Kitakyushu, Japan URL://asiangreencamp.net 33