Diversifying the Science & Engineering Workforce: Academic Employment Issues. Portrait of an Intractable Problem Cathy A. Trower, Ph.D. January 15, 2005 The National Bureau of Economic Research. 1970s. Affirmative Action Executive Order 11375 Title IX Women’s Groups in Professional
Portrait of an Intractable Problem
Cathy A. Trower, Ph.D.
January 15, 2005
The National Bureau of Economic Research
Studies have shown that gender disparities in faculty salaries have remained unchanged at approximately 20 percent over the past 30 years, with unexplained disparities of about 12 percent remaining after accounting for time in service and discipline for women over 40.
Overall, White faculty have the highest salaries; however, differences occur by tenure status. As with gender, salaries by race have remained relatively constant over the past 20 years.
Babco, E.L. and N.E. Bell (2004). Professional Women and Minorities: A Total Human Resource Data Compendium, 15th Edition. Washington, DC: Commission on Professionals in Science and Technology.
Climbing the Ladder: An Update on the Status of Doctoral Women Scientists and Engineers (1983). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
National Science Board (2004). Science and Engineering Indicators 2004. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation (Volume 1, NSB 04-1; Volume 2, NSB 04-1A).
National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics (2004). Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2004. NSF 04-317 (Arlington, VA, 2004).
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Winter 2001–02.