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Chapter 9. Alcohol and Drug Offenses. Drug Offenses. Controlled Substance Act – a federal law listing controlled substances according to their potential for abuse. Iowa has similar statutes: Chapter 204.101 Schedule I – unsafe even under medical treatment

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chapter 9

Chapter 9

Alcohol and Drug Offenses

drug offenses
Drug Offenses
  • Controlled Substance Act – a federal law listing controlled substances according to their potential for abuse.
  • Iowa has similar statutes: Chapter 204.101
    • Schedule I – unsafe even under medical treatment
    • Schedule II – include drugs that have a high potential for abuse but may be medically acceptable under certain conditions
drug offenses1
Drug Offenses
  • Schedule III – has a potential for abuse, but less than schedule I & II; has accepted medical use in U.S.
  • Schedule IV – has low potential for abuse relative to schedule III; accepted medical practices in U.S.; abuse may lead to limited physical/psychological dependence relative to schedule III
drug offenses2
Drug Offenses
  • Schedule V – low potential for abuse relative to schedule IV; accepted medical use in U.S. limited physical/psychological dependence relative to schedule IV
  • Issues: derivates, pharmaceutical and amount/volume
drug offenses3
Drug Offenses
  • Definitions: Chapter 204.101
  • Penalties: Possession of Controlled Substance? PCS 2nd offense? 3rd offense?
  • Possession with intent to deliver
  • PCS and weapon
drug offenses4
Drug Offenses
  • Drug Paraphernalia – items closely associated with the use of illegal drugs; 124.414
  • Contraband – any property that is inherently illegal to produce or possess

Controlled substances and drug paraphernalia are declared contraband and are subject to confiscation. Vehicles and aircraft involved in trafficking of controlled substances may be seized and declared forfeited under various federal and state statutes.

drug offenses5
Drug Offenses
  • Forfeiture – sacrifice of ownership or some right as a penalty
  • Actual Possession – possession of something with them having immediate control
  • Constructive Possession – being in position to effectively control something even if it is not in their possession; even though “it” belongs to my roommate, I knew it was there, therefore, I could have possess “it”
drug courts a new approach
Drug Courts: A New Approach

Traditional court processes were neither deterring substance abusers nor addressing the medical, social, and economic problems associated with drug abuse

  • Drug Court – a specialized court designed to deal with defendants charged with violating laws of possession and use of controlled substances. This emphasizes rehabilitation of offenders
intoxication offenses
Intoxication Offenses

Congress enacted the 18th Amendment, which was ratified by the states in 1919. This amendment, referred to as Prohibition, made unlawful the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within the U.S.

Prohibition was repealed by the 21st Amendment, ratified in 1933. State and local governments retain the authority to ban or regulate the manufacture, sale and use of alcohol within their borders.

intoxication offenses continued
Intoxication Offenses Continued:

Public drunkenness

classified as a minor misdemeanor

DUI

driving under the influence

Disorderly intoxication

offender being intoxicated in a public place and endangering the safety of others

DWI

driving while intoxicated

DUBAL

driving with an unlawful blood-alcohol level

intoxication offenses continued1
Intoxication Offenses Continued:
  • Field Sobriety Test – a test administered by police when someone has been driving while intoxicated. They have to perform physical acts like walking a straight line, or holding one leg out in front of you.
  • Implied consent statutes – person who drives a motor vehicle is deemed to have given consent to a urine test for drugs and to blood, breath, or urine testing to determine blood-alcohol content.
homework
Homework
  • #1: Research a White Collar Crime case
    • Be ready to describe the details and case outcome
  • #2: Research an organized crime organization/family
    • Be able to discuss their “business,” their operations, etc.
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