Chapter 9. Alcohol and Drug Offenses. Drug Offenses. Controlled Substance Act – a federal law listing controlled substances according to their potential for abuse. Iowa has similar statutes: Chapter 204.101 Schedule I – unsafe even under medical treatment
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Alcohol and Drug Offenses
Controlled substances and drug paraphernalia are declared contraband and are subject to confiscation. Vehicles and aircraft involved in trafficking of controlled substances may be seized and declared forfeited under various federal and state statutes.
Traditional court processes were neither deterring substance abusers nor addressing the medical, social, and economic problems associated with drug abuse
Congress enacted the 18th Amendment, which was ratified by the states in 1919. This amendment, referred to as Prohibition, made unlawful the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within the U.S.
Prohibition was repealed by the 21st Amendment, ratified in 1933. State and local governments retain the authority to ban or regulate the manufacture, sale and use of alcohol within their borders.
classified as a minor misdemeanor
driving under the influence
offender being intoxicated in a public place and endangering the safety of others
driving while intoxicated
driving with an unlawful blood-alcohol level