Sentence Fragments and Run-Ons - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Sentence Fragments and Run-Ons

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  1. Sentence Fragments and Run-Ons Making sure your sentences are clear to your readers

  2. Run-on sentences and fragments • Run-on sentence: two or more sentences capitalized and punctuated as if they were one. • Fused sentences: two or more grammatically complete thoughts with no separating punctuation. • Comma Splices: two main clauses linked with only a comma • Examples • Fused: Columbus gazed upon the vast Atlantic his mind was filled with apprehension. • Splice: Columbus gazed upon the vast Atlantic, his mind was filled with apprehension.

  3. Correcting Comma Splices • Connect main clauses with a coordinating conjunction. • Columbus gazed upon the vast Atlantic, and his mind was filled with apprehension. • Replace the comma with a semicolon. • Columbus gazed upon the vast Atlantic; his mind was filled with apprehension. • Make a separate sentence of each main clause. • Columbus gazed upon the Atlantic. His mind was filled with apprehension. • Change one of the main clauses to a subordinate one. • When Columbus gazed upon the Atlantic, his mind was filled with apprehension.

  4. Sentence Fragments • Fragment: lacks one of the requirements for a complete sentence but is punctuated as a complete sentence. • Has a subject • Has a finite verb • Expresses a complete thought • A complete sentence must have at least one independent clause. • Examples: • On a cold wintry night in March. • Because it was a cold wintry night in March. • On a cold wintry night in March my friend.