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Soroptimists April 28, 2011. Human Trafficking in our Region. Four Core Components. 24 Hour multilingual help line 6 bed shelter Women to Work Program Outreach and Education. Achievements. Provided over 2300 nights of shelter Answered over 500 crisis lines phone calls and

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soroptimists april 28 2011

April 28, 2011

Human Trafficking in our Region

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

four core components
Four Core Components
  • 24 Hour multilingual help line
  • 6 bed shelter
  • Women to Work Program
  • Outreach and Education

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

  • Provided over 2300 nights of shelter
  • Answered over 500 crisis lines phone calls and
  • conducted health and safety planning
  • Trained more than 2,600 individuals on signs of
  • domestic violence and human trafficking
  • Provided over 1000 legal consultations
  • Awarded national recognition as a Great Food
  • and Shelter Program
  • One of only 46 in U.S. to receive federal grant
  • to provide culturally and linguistically appropriate
  • services.

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

our safe haven
Our Safe Haven
  • 6 bed shelter
  • private residence
  • no 24 hour staff
  • confidential

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

women to work program
Women to Work Program


Financial Independence

For all survivors of all races

and ethnicities

“so they can get back on

their feet and

on with their life”

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

  • New Beginnings support group
  • Health information and referrals
  • Transportation
  • Clothing
  • Mentoring Program
  • Child care
  • Housing Assistance
  • Employment and Career Guidance
  • Individual peer counseling
  • Volunteer Psychiatrist
  • Volunteer Acupuncturist
  • Volunteer Attorneys

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

anti human trafficking program
(Anti-)Human Trafficking Program

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

msh experiences
MSH Experiences

Mail-Order Brides

Servile Marriages

Domestic Servitude

Involuntary Servitude




Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271



human trafficking?

u n definition
U.N. Definition

The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring

or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force

or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception,

of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability

or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits

to achieve the consent of a person having control

over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

u s definition
U.S. Definition
  • The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision,
  • or obtaining of a person for labor or services,
  • through the use of force, fraud, or coercion
  • for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage,
  • debt bondage, or slavery
  • OR
  • Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced
  • by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced
  • to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

california definition
California Definition

All acts involved in the recruitment, abduction, transport,

harboring, transfer, sale or receipt of persons,

within national or across international borders,

through force, coercion, fraud or deception,

to place persons in situations of slavery

or slavery like conditions, forced labor or services,

such as forced prostitution or sexual services,

bonded sweatshop labor, or other debt bondage

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

nevada definition
Nevada Definition

A person who knowingly subjects, or attempts to subject, another person to forced labor or services by: Causing or threatening to cause physical harm to any person; Physically restraining or threatening to physically restrain any person;

Abusing or threatening to abuse the law or legal process; Knowingly destroying, concealing, removing, confiscating or possessing any actual or purported passport or other immigration document, or any other actual or purported government identification document, of the person; Extortion; or Causing or threatening to cause financial harm to any person.

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

elements of trafficking
Elements of Trafficking

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

labor trafficking forced labor
Labor Trafficking(Forced Labor)
  • Domestic situations (nanny, maid, caretaker)
  • Service industries
  • Sweatshops, janitorial jobs, construction sites, farm work, fishing industry, food services hotel and tourist industries, organized panhandling

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

sex trafficking
Sex Trafficking
  • Commercial sex
  • Massage parlors, spas, brothels, strip clubs, bars, night clubs, escort services, internet, porn, street prostitution, sex tours, militarized prostitution, mail order brides, servile marriages
  • Anyone under 18 years of age in sex industry

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

who are the victims
Who are the victims?

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

70 women
70% Women

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

50 children
50% Children

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271


Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

asian massage parlors
Asian Massage Parlors

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271


Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

legal prostitution
Legal Prostitution

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

sin city
“Sin City”

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

whatever happens
Whatever Happens…

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

nevada resources
Nevada Resources
  • 2007-2009
    • Primary partners: LV Metro Police Dept and Salvation Army
    • Received over 1 million dollars in federal funds.
    • Among goals, ATLAS was to raise public awareness, identify victims of all forms of human trafficking and provide direct services to those victims.
    • HOWEVER, the task force disbanded in 2009, and no records/results/data is available.

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

nevada resources1
Nevada Resources
  • Aftermath
    • ATLAS disbanded
    • few victims identified
    • no prosecutions
    • Some partners continued as The Southern Nevada Human Trafficking Task Force
    • Narrower geographical focus of resources --> Clark County

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

elements of trafficking1
Elements of Trafficking

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

case study 1

Case Study 1

Cora was recruited to come to the United States as an acrobat performer. She was told that she could work for them and her housing would be paid, and they would pay her $1000.00 each performance. Cora was provided with a valid work visa and departed for the United States with her new employer.

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

case study 11

Case Study 1

Upon arriving in the United States, Jen was kept in isolation in a locked room of a home. She shared the single room with 19 other performers, was forced to sleep on the floor, and fed very little. She was told not to speak to anyone or she would be deported. Cora worked long hours performing, but was never paid for her work. She felt that she had no one to turn to for help.

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

case study 2

Case Study 2

Law enforcement raided a brothel operating out of a home in the suburbs and arrested young girls and boys, and some men and women for prostitution. The people were interviewed and law enforcement learned that they were smuggled into the United States, and forced to work off their debt as prostitutes.

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

case study 3

Case Study 3

A young girl in an affluent neighborhood was introduced to a boy by a mutual friend. It turned out the boy also lived in her neighborhood, and they spent the next weeks hanging out. One day the girl disappeared.

Over a year later, the girl managed to contact a friend, who told the girl’s parents and the police. The police were able to locate the girl, and found the boy was using craigslist to sell the girl all over California.

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

summary signs of trafficking
Summary: Signs of Trafficking
  • Some Things You Observe
    • Heavy surveillance (locks)
    • Always have an escort, even to medical appointments
    • Victim cannot speak for him/herself, someone
    • always speak for them
    • Physical abuse or threats
    • Victims are submissive or fearful
    • Many individuals in a small space
  • Some Things You Learn
    • Victim does not hold important documents
    • Victim does not control their money
    • Always asks for permission to eat, sleep,
    • go to bathroom
    • Afraid to leave their job

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

mindset of victims
Mindset of Victims
  • Do not speak English
  • Do not understand American culture
  • Living daily with inhumane treatment
  • May not know where they are
  • Fear/Distrust of Police, government
  • Fear of deportation or fear for family back home
  • Might blame themselves
  • Develop loyalties or positive feelings toward trafficker
  • Might even try to protect trafficker
  • Unaware what is being done to them is a crime
  • Do not consider themselves victims

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

sacramento rescue restore coalition
Sacramento Rescue & Restore Coalition

Sacramento Training & Employment Agency (SETA)


Rescue & Restore


My Sister’s House





Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

ways to take action
Ways to Take Action





Stay Informed.

(Join our E-newsletter, Twitter, or Facebook.)

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271


Crisis Line: 916.428.3271

thanks salamat
Thanks - Salamat

Crisis Line: 916.428.3271