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The Impact of Grade Inflation on the Incidence of Academic Deficiencies Session A5 Ronald F. Urban Annual PACRAO Conference Newport Beach, CA November 2, 2009. Grade Inflation: Complexity and Confusion.
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Ronald F. Urban
Annual PACRAO Conference
Newport Beach, CA
November 2, 2009
An increase in students’ grade point averages over time…
…without a corresponding increase in student achievement.” (in R. Kamber, 2008: 47)
Fig. 2 Public vs. Private Higher Education Cumulative GPA Comparisons: 1991-2007(Source: Stuart Rojstaczer, http://www.gradeinflation.com3/10/2009)
*Kamber, 2008: 53-53
Walla Walla, WA
Highly Selective, 4-yr. liberal arts
~1,500 FTE and Headcount
39% WA, 15% CA, 14% OR
Neal Christopherson, Office of Institutional Research, June, 2009
Standard grade point criterion-based:
3.900 Summa cum laude
3.800 Magna cum laude
3.650 Cum laude
Not Percentage Based.
Fig. 6b Whitman Cumulative GPA, New Student High School GPA and Combined SAT (Standardized Scores): Fall 1998 – Fall 2008
Fig. 7 Whitman Cumulative GPA, and New Student Selectivity: Fall 1998 – Fall 2008
Adelman, Clifford. 2008 “Undergraduate Grades: A More Complex Story Than “Inflation,”” in Grade Inflation: Academic Standards in Higher Education, ed. L. Hunt, 13-44. Albany, NY: State University of New York.
Biggs, Mary. 2008 “Fissures in the Foundation: Why Grade Conflation Could Happen,” in Grade Inflation: Academic Standards in Higher Education, ed. L. Hunt, 121-152. Albany, NY: State University of New York.
Barndt, Richard J. 2001 “Fiscal Policy Effects on Grade Inflation,” http://www.newfoundations.com/Policy/Barndt.html
Kamber, Richard. 2008 “Understanding Grade Inflation,” in Grade Inflation: Academic Standards in Higher Education, ed. L. Hunt, 45-71. Albany, NY: State University of New York.
Mansfield, Harvey C. 2001 “Grade Inflation: It’s Time to Face the Facts,” http://chronicle.com/article/Grade-Inflation-It-s-Time-to/9332. Accessed 9/22/09.
Rojstaczer, Stuart. 2001 “Grade Inflation at American Colleges and Universities,” http://gradeinflation.com/. Accessed 9/22/09.