HIV/AIDS AND STI/STD UPDATE. Calvert County Health Department Kristen Craft Adolescent Health Coordinator. A little history…. 1978…Strange sickness among gay men AIDS deaths = 31 1981…Kaposi Sarcoma and Pneumonia; Failing immune systems AIDS deaths = 234
Calvert County Health Department
Adolescent Health Coordinator
1978…Strange sickness among gay men
AIDS deaths = 31
1981…Kaposi Sarcoma and Pneumonia; Failing immune systems
AIDS deaths = 234
1982…CDC links new disease to blood; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is named; Opportunistic infections
AIDS deaths = 853
1983…CDC warns blood banks; France finds human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
AIDS deaths = 2304
1985…FDA approves HIV antibody test; blood banks start testing blood; Ryan White/Rock Hudson; 1st International AIDS conference
AIDS deaths = 5636
1986…U.S. Surgeon General Koop reports on AIDS and calls for sex education and use of condoms
Cumulative AIDS deaths = 26,710 with 42,355 known cases
1987…AZT approved; AIDS Memorial Quilt; Condom labels; Violence against AIDS victims; HIV+ immigrants and travelers banned
AIDS deaths = 4135
1988…FDA allows non-approved treatments; CDC mails AIDS info to all homes; Women/African Americans fastest growing in epidemic
AIDS deaths = 4855
1989…First World AIDS Day; cost of drugs reduced
AIDS deaths = 14,544
1990…Americans with Disabilities Act; Ryan White dies
Cumulative AIDS deaths = 159,818 with 257,607 known cases
1991…HIV 10 million worldwide (1 million in U.S.); Restrictions on HIV+ healthcare workers; Magic Johnson
AIDS deaths = 20,454
1992…Multiple drug trials accelerated; Top killer of men ages 25-44 in U.S.; Political events
AIDS deaths = 23,411
1993…Female condom; Blood bank investigations/prosecutions; Arthur Ashe/Rudolf Nureyev
AIDS deaths = 41,920
1994…Orasure saliva test kit; leading cause of death for all Americans ages 25-44; Mother/child transmission; Elizabeth Glaser
AIDS deaths = 32,330
1995…Combination drug therapies; Greg Louganis
AIDS deaths = 48371
1996…United Nations HIV/AIDS program; HIV cocktails; vaccine initiative
Cumulative AIDS deaths = 386,046 with 611,325 known cases
Worldwide AIDS deaths = 6,400,000 with 22,000,000 HIV+
1997…Significant drop in AIDS deaths but report shows HIV able to hide in body
AIDS deaths = 21,399
1998…AIDS increasing in African Americans; Supreme Court rules HIV+ protected by ADA; Vaccine testing
First known AIDS death was African man 1959
First U.S. case was teen prostitute with Kaposi Sarcoma 1969
2000…UN Security Council considers AIDS global security threat
2001…AIDS drugs for developing countries through United Nations
Cumulative AIDS deaths = 479,983 with 819,779 known cases
2005…Rise in HIV+ rates at college campuses; STD rates increasing again (especially HPV, herpes, syphilis, and gonorrhea)
Worldwide 40.3 million living with HIV/AIDS with 4.9 million newly infected
2006…Cumulative AIDS deaths = 559,000 with 1,025,000 AIDS cases
You can get HIV from a mosquito bite.
HIV is not transmitted by insects.
You can get HIV by having oral sex with
an infected person.
Any type of sexual activity (where bodily fluids are exchanged) with an infected person is a risk of HIV transmission.
HIV survives well in the environment, so
you can get it from toilet seats and door
Scientists and medical authorities agree that HIV does not survive well in the environment - so forget about those toilet seats!
You can get AIDS by hugging a person
with HIV who is sweating.
Contact with saliva, tears, or sweat has never been shown to result in transmission of HIV.
You can get HIV by kissing someone who
is HIV infected.
Casual contact through closed-mouth or "social" kissing is not a risk for transmission of HIV.
Condoms aren't really effective in
preventing HIV transmission.
Studies have found that even with repeated sexual contact, 98-100% of those people who used latex condoms correctly and consistently did not become infected.
There is a connection between other
STDs and HIV infection.
Having a sexually transmitted disease (STD) can increase a person's risk of becoming infected with HIV.
~25% Unaware of Infection
~54% of New Infections
~75% Aware of Infection
~46% of New Infections
New Sexual Infections Each Year: ~32,000
People Living with HIV/AIDS: 1,039,000-1,185,000
(n ≈ 45,000)
(n ≈ 112,000)
Prevalence of HIV Antibody
Age 18-39 years
Age 40-49 years
*Number of new cases each year
Viral infections CANNOT be cured. The only protection against a virus is through vaccination. Currently, only two STD’s (Hepatitis B and HPV) have a vaccine available.
*Number of new cases each year
Bacterial and parasitic infections CAN be treated with medication. Any damage that occurs to the body during the period of infection is permanent. Constant re-infection can occur if both (all) partners are not treated. Drug resistant forms of gonorrhea are becoming a problem.