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Increasing publication outputs David Pannell ARC Federation Fellow University of Western Australia 22 November 2010
Pannell, D.J. and Falconer, D.A. (1988). The relative contributions to profit of fixed and applied nitrogen in a crop-livestock farm system, Agricultural Systems 26(1): 1-17. • Referee 1: This paper falls into the class of papers that can be denominated as “measurement without theory”. • Referee 2: This paper, as it stands, is purely theoretical.
Vercammen, J. and Pannell, D.J. (2000). The economics of crop hail insurance. Canadian Journal of Agriculural Economics 48:87-98. • Rejected by American Journal of Agricultural Economics. • Accepted by Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics. Got prize for best journal article of the year.
In 1923, Bertil Ohlin submitted to the Economic Journal • Keynes (the editor) returned the manuscript with a blunt rejection note: ‘This amounts to nothing and should be refused’ • Paper eventually earned Ohlin a Nobel Prize
The market for 'lemons' • George Akerlof 1970 rejected by: • American Economic Review • Journal of Political Economy • Review of Economic Studies • Finally accepted by • Quarterly Journal of Economics. • Led to Nobel Prize
Another example • Pannell, D.J., Malcolm, L.R. and Kingwell, R.S. (2000). Are we risking too much? Perspectives on risk in farm modelling. Agricultural Economics 23(1): 69-78. • Went through 3 journals • Took 5.5 years • Now one of my most cited papers
Walker MD, Marler JR, Goldstein M, Grady PA, Toole JF, Baker WH, Castaldo JE, Chambless LE, Moore WS, Robertson JT, Young B, Howard VJ, Purvis S, Vernon DD, Needham K, Beck P, Dozier M, Lefkowitz DS, Howard G, Crouse JR, Herrington DM, Furberg CD, Essick K, Hicks RM, Nelson JJ, Ball W, Bland E, Condon S, Elliott T, Grizzle JE, Hayes D, Henley S, Johnson J, Locklear J, Misch MS, Paton CC, Schwartz S, Walker C, Williams OD, Easton JD, Goldstone J, Hallenbeck JM, Hoff JT, Karp HR, Kronmal RA, Brott TG, Tomsick TA, Broderick J, Sauerbeck L, Blum C, Dyken M, Brust JCM, Dick AR, Gotshall RA, Heyman A, Swanson PD, Adams HP, Dempsey R, Ernst CB, Rothrock J, Cohen SN, Nicholas G, Longenecker J, Barbour P, Berger A, Celani VJ, Eckert N, Goodreau J, Hutchinson J, Jenny D, Lin ZS, Mcdonald K, Pistone W, Raegrant AD, Redenbaugh J, Rex J, Wohlberg CJ, Karanjia P, Swanson M, Lobner S, Kolts RL, Kuehner ME, Hiner BC, Madden KP, Carlson RD, Davis JS, Gallant T, Warner JJ, Faust A, Fryza N, Hasenauer J, Regner M, Ronkin L, Schaefer S, Strack D, Turner LC, Walgenbach A, Graves J, Michalski S, Schuette L, Mohr JP, Tatemichi TK, Marshall R, Mast H, Ramos O, Correll J, Libman R, Petty G, Cabrere A, Oropeza L, Gonzalez T, Pettigrew C, Sadler R, Endean E, Sherrow J, Hauer M, Lee C, Norton J, Mcquillen M, Mattingly S, Dekosky S, Massey A, Simard D, Turcotte JF, Benguigui C, Cote J, Bouchard JM, Roberge C, Brunet D, Bedard F, Langelier R, Lajeunesse M, Bigaouette JM, Parent J, Lyden P, Hye R, Lewis S, Cali G, Babcock T, Taftalvarez B, Brody M, Zweifler R, Sedwitz M, Stabile B, Freischlag JA, Wolf YG, Sivo J, Forsythe J, Adame M, Gupta S, Burke K, Greisler HP, Littooy FN, Kelly MA, Pulsinelli W, Campbell JA, Crockarell J, Watridge C, Acker J, Erkulwater S, Jacewicz M, Walker G, Osullivan P, Sauer C, Vasu K, Gaines K, Bakhitian B, Bertorini TE, Bennett S, Thomas T, Stahl N, Taylor C, Giampapa MA, Connell J, Riley J, Bradley A, Davis J, Newman K, Manning R, Mccrea M, Hachinski V, Ferguson G, Mayer C, Barnett JM, Peerless SJ, Buchan AM, Reichman H, Kertesz A, Lownie S, White C, Fox A, Rankin R, Spence JD, Barr HWK, Paddockeliasziw L, Assis LJP, Pexman JHW, Dicicco M, Tate B, James C, Raker E, Coatsworth J, Harris S, Beebe H, Birchfield R, Butlerlevy K, Crane R, Fryer D, Maclean J, Patterson L, Quigley T, Ravits J, Taylor L, Pullen S, Boswell S, Kenny K, Brott T, Tomsick T, Roedersheimer LR, Fowl R, Tew J, Kempczinski R, Reed R, Welling R, Schomaker B, Lefkowitz D, Mcwhorter JM, Branch CL, Satterfield J, Cordell R, Dean R, Plonk G, Harpold G, Walker F, Nunn C, Myers L, Tegeler C, Hardin S, Meads D, Loftus CM, Vining LA, Bendixen BH, Biller J, Corson JD, Davis PH, Godersky JC, Gordon DL, Jacoby MR, Kappelle LJ, Kresowik TF, Marsh EE, Love BB, Shamma AR, Grimsman KJ, Karboski DM, Miller EV, Johnson C, Jones C, Stone B, Maguire MP, Earley C, Kaplan P, Cavaluzzi J, Waters G, Chachich B, Auer A, Logan W, Wilcox M, Green B, Hurley J, Pennell R, Woods J, Levine R, Nepute J, Thomasson J, Blackburn C, Foldes M, Klemp K, Nappier B, Rutherford K, Schroer S, Hogan J, Thorpe L, Feinberg WM, Hunter GC, Bruck DC, Bernhard VM, Mcintyre KE, Carter LP, Labadie EL, Johnson DS, Moschonas CG, Hamilton RH, Forrer SC, Seeger JF, Carmody RF, Vold BK, Carlson RL, Laguna JE, Krikawa JP, Devine JJ, Castrillo AM, Kistler SL, Ledbetter B, Dorr K, Smith RR, Haerer AF, Brown RL, Russell W, Rigdon E, Rhodes R, Smith E, Graeber M, Doorenbos D, Subramony SH, Atnip RG, Brennan RW, Friedman D, Neumyer MM, Thiele BL, Smith F, Barr JD, Duckrow RB, Janesky C, Meilstrup JW, Mcnamara KP, Rodichok LD, Stewart L, Sullivan M, Wengrovitz M, Clagett GP, Unwin H, Bryan W, Matkins C, Patterson C, Alway C, Boyd P, Inman M, Albiston C, Scoggins E, Swilling J, Walden KG, Ahn SS, Amos EC, Baker JD, Dobkin BH, Donayre CE, Gelabert HA, Jordan SE, Machleder HI, QuinonesbaldricH WJ, Saver JL, Elsaden SM, Holgate RC, Jabour BA, Jacobs JB, Abraham TM, Vescera CL, Vonrajcs JA, Carter VL, Carter DT, Dixgoss DE, Hernandez EC, Coull B, Loboa L, Moneta G, Porter J, Yeager R, Whittaker L, Brass LM, Gusberg RJ, Lovejoy AM, Fayad PB, Sumpio B, Meier GH, Chang VM, Marzitelli K, Chyatte D, Hammers L, Lepore F, Pavalkis FJ, Mele J, Kisiel D, Barnes RW, Chesser MZ, Archer RL, Thompson BW, Macdonald C, Barone GW, Eidt JF, Harshfield D, Mcfarland D, Nickols JR, Howard C, Nix ML, Overstreet JK, Troillett R, Taylor J, Lee HM, Akins P, Harbison JW, Pridgeon RM, Felton WL, Posner M, Sobel M, Clifton G, Conway C, Cockrell A, Stringer W, Wingo J, Nichols B, Smoker W, Fisher R, Spetzler RF, Frey JL, Zabramski JM, Hunsley SL, Jahnke H, Plenge KL, Holland R, Turner R, Strava D, Stumpff S, Hodak J, Flom RA, Dean BL, Thompson RA, Hughes R, Lepler B, Bowen J, Benoit C, Hollier L, Ochsner J, Strub R, Lang V, Cahanin V, Hobson RW, Weisbrot F, Kamin S, Back T, Jamil Z, Rogers C, Lainson B, Hart L, Caplan L, Odonnell T, Barron L, Pessin M, Dewitt D, Mackey W, Belkin M, Mcglaughlin R, Heggerick P, Welch KMA, Wilczewski J, Robertson W, Daley S, Elliot JP, Reddy DJ, Shephard AD, Smith RF, Levine S, Ramadan N, Tietjen G, Mitsias P, Gorman M, Mcpharlin M, Patel S, Deveshwar R, Lee N, Kokkinos J, Weinstein E, Kunkel J, Kratochvil A, Johnson E, Steel S, Norris J, Rowed D, Bowyer B, Gawel M, Cooper PW, Brodie D, Kirkland JS, Schecter JA, Farrar NW, Capps R, Rhodes EL, Rogers DM, Glass JT, Naguszewski R, Naguszewski W, Maddox B, Dollison B, Moulton L, Cole P, Kinsella P, Ansley A, Britz N, Bivins DH, Williams EL, Davidson JT, Elias W, Atkins D, Turner PB, Burch JG, Nolan DB, Speese R, Foley CD, Millette TJ, Lane KH, Almond C, Mestayer RJ, Calanchini P, Szarnicki R, Radosevich P, Elias L, Mccormick P, Gould C, Norris F, Denys E, Bernstein R, Dubono D, Atkinson K, Peters M, Cohen B, Yao J, Roston S, Blackburn D, Saver J, Chadwick L, Mccarthy W, Pearce W, Frank J, Fernandezbeer E, Patrick J, Green R, Satran R, Ricotta J, Deweese J, Hollander J, Obrien M, Mcnamara J, Rose S, Cohen D, Furlan A, Little J, Bryerton B, Sila C, Awad I, Chimowitz M, Robertson S, Becker C, Paushter D, Oleary DH, Jones AM, Ricotta JJ, Gee W, Shebel N, Fisher MJ, Schenk EA, Furlan AJ, Futrell NN, Kelly M, Millikan CH, Diener HC, Fields WS, Folstein MF, Gautier JC, Harrison MJG, Hass WK, Hennerici MG, Spencer MP, Vonreutern GM, "Endarterectomy For Asymptomatic Carotid-Artery Stenosisjn": Journal of The American Medical Association, 1995, Vol.273, No.18, pp.1421-1428. 573 co-authors
4. Capture and organise ideas for papersCreate a document in which you store your ideas and plans
Reviewed and Under Revision • Pannell, D.J. (2010). The cost of errors in prioritising projects, Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics (submitted 11 Sept 09). Rejected. Rework it with Richard Fuller and submit to an ecology journal. • Pannell, D.J. (2010). Policy for climate change adaptation in agriculture, Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics (submitted 2 Feb 2010). Rejected. Rework it with focus on extension. • Pannell, D.J., Roberts, A.M., Park, G., Curatolo, A., Marsh, S. and Alexander, J., (2010). INFFER: Investment Framework For Environmental Resources, Journal of Environmental Management. Land Use Policy (submitted 7 Jan 09). Rejected 29 Apr 09. Revised and submitted to Environmental Science and Policy, 5 May 2009. Rejected 31 May, but with door open for revision and resubmission. Submitted to Journal of Environmental Management 5 Feb 2010. Rejected. Currently being reworked to include more results, for Land Use Policy.
With Editors or Referees • Beverly, C., Roberts, A., Hocking, M., Pannell, D. and Dyson, P. (2010). Using linked surface-groundwater catchment modelling to assess protection options for environmental assets threatened by dryland salinity in southern-eastern Australia, Journal of Hydrology (submitted 1 August 2010). • Chalak, M. and Pannell, D.J. (2011). Economics of controlling a spreading environmental weed, Ecological Economics” (submitted around 30/06/2010). • Doole, G., Ramilan, T. and Pannell, D.J. (2011). Framework for evaluating management interventions for water quality improvement across multiple agents, Environmental Modelling and Software (resubmitted August 2010). • Pannell, D.J. (2010). Broad participation versus targeted investment in environmental programs, Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, submitted 6 Feb 2010. • Pannell, D.J., Roberts, A.M., Park, G., Curatolo, A. and Marsh, S. (2010). Practical and Theoretical Underpinnings of INFFER (Investment Framework For Environmental Resources). Submitted to Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 5 Feb 2010. • Roberts, A.M. Pannell, D.J. Doole, G. and Vigiak, O. (2010). Agricultural land management strategies to reduce phosphorus loads in the Gippsland Lakes, Australia, Agricultural Systems (submitted 28/07/2010). • Seymour, E., Curtis, A., Pannell, D., Allan, C. and Roberts, A. (2010). Understanding of the role of assigned values in natural resource management, Australasian Journal of Environmental Management (submitted 1 Nov 2009). Revised and resubmitted Aug 2010. • Skurray, J., Pandit, R. and Pannell, D.J. (2011). Institutional Impediments to Groundwater Trading: the case of the Gnangara groundwater system of Western Australia, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management (submitted 2 Aug 2010).
Papers in Preparation • Gandorfer, M., Pannell, D.J. and Meyer-Aurich, A. (2011). Analyzing the Effects of Risk and Uncertainty on Optimal Tillage and Nitrogen Fertilizer Intensity for field crops in Germany, Agricultural Systems (almost ready to submit). • Asseng, S. and Pannell, D.J. (2011). Adaptating dryland agriculture to climate change: farming implications and research and development needs in Western Australia, Climatic Change (almost ready to submit) • Pannell, D.J., Roberts, A.M., Park, G., Doole, G.J., Vigiak, O. (2011). Improving the impact of integrated modelling by improving stakeholder engagement, for Environmental Modelling and Software. • Kingwell, R., Pannell, D., Ewing, M. and Morrison, D. (2008) Lessons from 25 years of the MIDAS model, for Agricultural Systems. • Maksym’s paper on birds. • Doole, G. and Pannell, D.J. (2011). NZ Lake paper. • Seymour, E., Curtis, A., Pannell, D.J., Roberts, A. and Allan, C. (2010). Understanding the factors influencing environmental, social and economic values assigned to rivers. • Doole, G.J. and Pannell, D.J. (2009). A pre-experimental modeling framework for guiding agricultural research and development: perennial legume development in the low-rainfall regions of Western Australia • Schilizzi and Pannell. Equity paper for AJARE.
Ideas for Future Papers • Paper with Morteza and Jim Wilen on economic principles from spreading pests • Paper with Richard Fuller on costs of using poor metrics for prioritising environmetal projects • Change paper on climate change adaptation policy to focus on information approaches to policy • Review of whole-farm modelling with Michael R and Morteza • Paper on economics of bituminaria with John F. • Evaluation of INFFER (with Sally) • Impact of incentive payments on landholder behaviour (with Sally) • Ruhi’s paper on climate change and salinity. • Prioritisation of environmental research • Choosing the best options for responding to information gaps in environmental management • Something on optimal heuristics – going from complex models to simple rules of thumb • Balance of investment between landscape-scale change, cherry picked projects, and salt-and-pepper mini projects.
Quality time • Switch off email • Work somewhere quiet • Do some work on papers every month
Build off existing papers • Look for opportunities to extend a piece of research • Pannell, D.J. (2008). Public benefits, private benefits, and policy intervention for land-use change for environmental benefits, Land Economics 84(2): 225-240. • Pannell, D.J. (2009). Technology change as a policy response to promote changes in land management for environmental benefits, Agricultural Economics 40(1), 95-102. • Pannell, D.J. and Wilkinson, R. (2009). Policy mechanism choice for environmental management by non-commercial “lifestyle” rural landholders. Ecological Economics 68: 2679-2687.
Don’t waste a submission • Make sure the paper … • Is within scope for the journal • Has an ‘angle’ that is likely to appeal • Is well connected to existing literature • Is presented in a way that is highly consistent with journal style • not just about formats • also broader issues, like use of maths • Is not too long • Is well written • Is polished
8. Do synthesis papers as well as straight research papers Pulls together various bits of research (perhaps your own) to draw bigger conclusions
Do synthesis papers • Get extra value from your research • Good for citations • Good for students • Can take less work than a standard research paper
Support students • Encourage them • to write papers • to start early • Help them to do it • For outstanding ones • If appropriate, find them a post-doc position in your School/Centre • If they move, keep collaborating with them
Increasing citations • Increasingly important for ERA • We can’t control citations of our own papers • But we can have an influence
1. Cite yourself Hilmer, C.E., Lusk, J.L. (2009). Determinants of citations to the agricultural and applied economics association journals, Review of Agricultural Economics 31: 677-694. Abstract This paper investigates citations to articles published in the Review of Agricultural Economics and in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics to better understand the impact of articles published in these journals and to evaluate recent policy decisions made by the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association. The biggest factors affecting non-self citations are self-citations and whether the article received at least one citation in the year after publication, suggesting that "advertising" and "signaling" play important roles in the extent to which a paper is cited. Principal papers and comments/replies are associated with significantly fewer citations for both journals.
2. Advertise your work • Conference presentations • Have a personal web site, and link to your papers on-line • Have pre-publication versions of your papers on your web site • Write a blog about your papers • Put out brief discussion papers/articles on line that summarise a paper • Send the paper to selected people
3. Collaborate • Researchers in collaborations tend to cite each other
4. Write papers that are highly citable • Reviews • Synthesis papers • Currently hot issues • Methodological papers
Citations (from Scopus.com) M S M = methods R = Review S = Synthesis H = Hot topic R R H S H H H R
5. Work across disciplines • Good for social scientists, as biological and physical scientists cite each other a lot more • Interdisciplinary work may be of broader interest • Two or more disciplines might cite it
See: Pannell, D.J. (2002). Prose, psychopaths and persistence: Personal perspectives on publishing, Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 50(2): 101-116. http://cyllene.uwa.edu.au/~dpannell/prose.htm