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The Reader as Artist. At your tables, briefly discuss these 2 questions & be willing to share some thoughts from your discussion: What does Morrison mean by “reading as an art”? Which of her ideas/lines struck you? Why?. Analysis. We have put something together & examined the WHOLE .

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The reader as artist
The Reader as Artist

At your tables, briefly discuss these 2 questions & be willing to share some thoughts from your discussion:

  • What does Morrison mean by “reading as an art”?

  • Which of her ideas/lines struck you? Why?



We haveput something together & examined the WHOLE.

We have invented PARTS while engaged with a text.

This time, let’s start with the WHOLE & take it APART to see how it functions effectively as that WHOLE.

“Taking Things Apart” Activity:

35-45 minutes to work

5 minute informal presentations

Literary terms overview

Literary termsOverview

Everything you need to know,

with art & a soundtrack!

Creating an effect
Creating an EFFECT

Artists DO this on purpose to make their audience feel, act, think… a certain way.

Artists use their medium (i.e. instruments, color, literary devices) in a purposeful and meaningful manner.

You, the audience, must unearth the purpose or meaning based on WHAT the artist presents to you and HOW s/he does it.

“Busting Surfboards” – The Tornados

“The Trembler” – Duane Eddy

Effect in literature an author s style
Effect in Literature:An Author’s Style

  • STYLE = The manner of expression of the particular writer, produced by choice of words (diction), use of language, grammatical structure and syntax, and predominant literary devices

  • The mediums that writers use to advance their particular STYLE are schemes and tropes

“The Saddest Song” – Morphine

Schemes tropes
Schemes & Tropes:

  • Both sets of techniques deal with the variation of syntax (sentences and grammatical structures) and language (diction, author’s choice of words)

  • This type of word play points to an author’s style

  • Scheme = the artful variation of word order and arrangement (in a clause or sentence)

  • Tropes = the artful variation of words & meaning (figurative language/figures of speech)


  • Atmosphere = refers to place, setting or surroundings

    Consider how the author “paints” the setting to make you feel a certain way about the landscape, characters in it, or the events that occur within this setting

“Drums a Go-Go” – Hollywood Persuaders

“Shambala” – Beastie Boys

Making the mood the emotional atmosphere
Making the MOOD:the emotional atmosphere

Mood = The emotional response the author hopes to invoke in the reader; a person’s (the character’s or narrator’s) frame of mind or state of feeling

An overall feeling or emotion in a work to connect with, or effect, their audience.

Sometimes this shifts with the setting, the emergence of new characters, the beginning of a new chapter/vignette

“Salt Peanuts” – Miles Davis

“Motion” – Front 242

Tone attitude

  • Artists convey their own attitude by utilizing devices of their trade

  • They hope their audience can infer their attitude and the greater meaning or relevance behind their messages.

  • Sometimes artists keep their attitude hidden behind devices such as symbols or sarcasm, while other times they are obvious about their personal attitude.

“Guava Jelly” 1 & “Guava Jelly” 2 – Bob Marley

Comparing tone
Comparing tone…

  • What’s her attitude about men?

  • What do the dancer’s clothes tell us about them?

  • What do the dancer’s movements tell us about them?

  • What’s symbolic about the boots?




ATMOSPHERE = setting

TONE = writer

MOOD = writing

Bluer than blue romare bearden
“Bluer Than Blue”Romare Bearden

  • What stands out about this painting?

  • Consider: style, atmosphere, mood, tone

Dali art
Dali Art

  • At your tables with your assigned art piece describe the following, using examples from the art piece:

    • Atmosphere

    • Mood

    • Tone

Remember PEE…

Make a POINT

Supply an EXAMPLE


Common knowledge
Common Knowledge…

Often, artists trust their audience’s prior knowledge of the CONTEXT in which they are writing from, and they build on ideas that they think their audience already understands. We will work toward understanding context all year…

Examples: What does this make you think of? & This?

Some we all have in common is flying into Manila…

  • Tonight you will read an excerpt from Miguel Syjuco’s novel Ilustrado.

  • Consider the cultural references, the idea of HOME, and look for his elements of style, while you complete the reading and short assignment


in Their Eyes Were Watching God

Internal structures
Internal Structures

Narrative Structure = the structural framework that underlie the order and manner in which a narrative is presented to the reader (deals with what’s in the plot and how the events are arranged)

Types of narrative structures
Types of Narrative Structures

Linear = A narrative told in chronological order

Non Linear = A narrative in which events do not unfold in a chronological order. Types:

  • Dual-narrative

  • Multi-narrative

  • Fragmented narrative

    Framed Story =A narrative structure that provides a setting and exposition for the main narrative in a novel. Often, a narrator will describe where he found the manuscript of the novel or where he heard someone tell the story he is about to relate. The frame helps control the reader's perception of the work, and can give credibility to the main section of the novel.

Within narrative structure
Within Narrative Structure

Point of View = the perspective from which the story is told (1st, 2nd, 3rd omniscient or limited omniscient), consider how/if this changes in a narrative

Parts of a Narrative:

  • Exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution

  • You should always take note of where these elements of the plot come up and if any any are missing, as WHY?!

Within narrative structure1
Within Narrative Structure

Flashbacks = referring to what has happened in the past, can be a simple memory or dream, or an entire section to goes back in time

Flash-forward = referring to when the chronological sequence of events is interrupted by the interjection of a future event

Foreshadowing =supplying hints as to what might come in the narrative, these can be obvious or more hidden

Motif =anything that is repeated in a narrative to create an effect of make a point (could be a symbol, color, idea, weather pattern, phrase, etc…)

External structures
External Structures

  • A book’s “architecture”

  • How the book is put together and/or divided into parts

    • Use of prologues and epilogues or forwards and afterwards

    • Use of chapters, chapter sets, parts, books

    • Titling vs. not titling of chapters, sets, parts, etc…

    • Numbering of chapters, sets, parts, etc… vs. not

    • Lack of divisions within book

    • Other types of divisions: pictures, bullets, spaces