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10.1 Circles and Circumference - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

10.1 Circles and Circumference. Objectives. Identify and use parts of circles Solve problems using the circumference of circles. Parts of Circles. Circle – set of all points in a plane that are equidistant from a given point called the center of the circle.

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Presentation Transcript

• Identify and use parts of circles

• Solve problems using the circumference of circles

• Circle – set of all points in a plane that are equidistant from a given point called the center of the circle.

• A circle with center P is called “circle P” or P.

P

• The distance from the center to a point on the circle is called the radius of the circle.

• The distance across the circle through its center is the diameter of the circle. The diameter is twice the radius d = 2r or r = ½ d).

• The terms radius and diameter describe segments as well as measures.

• QP , QS , and QR are radii.

• All radii for the same circle are congruent.

• PR is a diameter.

• All diameters for the same circle are congruent.

• A chordis a segment whose endpoints are points on the circle. PS and PR are chords.

• A diameter is a chord that passes through the center of the circle.

Answer: The circle has its center at E, so it is named circle E, or .

Example 1a:

Name the circle.

Example 1b:

Name the radius of the circle.

Answer: Four chords are shown: .

Example 1c:

Name a chord of the circle.

Answer: are the only chords that go through the center. So, are diameters.

Example 1d:

Name a diameter of the circle.

a. Name the circle.b. Name a radius of the circle.

c. Name a chord of the circle.

d. Name a diameter of the circle.

Circle R has diameters and .

If ST18, find RS.

Example 2a:

Substitute and simplify.

Circle R has diameters .

If RM24, find QM.

Example 2b:

Formula for diameter

Substitute and simplify.

Circle R has diameters .

If RN2, find RP.

Example 2c:

Since all radii are congruent, RN=RP.

Circle M has diameters

a. If BG=25, find MG.

b. If DM=29, find DN.

c. If MF=8.5, find MG.

The diameters of and are 22 millimeters, 16 millimeters, and 10 millimeters, respectively.

Example 3a:

Find EZ.

Since the diameter of , EF = 22.

Since the diameter of FZ = 5.

is part of .

Example 3a:

Substitution

Simplify.

The diameters of and are 22 millimeters, 16 millimeters, and 10 millimeters, respectively.

Find XF.

Example 3b:

Since the diameter of , EF = 22.

is part of . Since is a radius of

Example 3b:

The diameters of , and are 5 inches, 9 inches, and 18 inches respectively.

a. Find AC.

b. Find EB.

• The circumference of a circle is the distance around the circle. In a circle,

C = 2r or d

Example 4a:

Find C if r=13 inches.

Circumference formula

Substitution

Example 4b:

Find C if d=6 millimeters.

Circumference formula

Substitution

Example 4c:

Find dand r to the nearest hundredth if C = 65.4 feet.

Circumference formula

Substitution

Use a calculator.

Example 4c:

Use a calculator.

a. Find C if r = 22 centimeters.

b. Find C if d = 3 feet.

c. Find d and r to the nearest hundredth if C = 16.8 meters.

MULTIPLE-CHOICE TEST ITEM Find the exact circumference of .

A B C D

Example 5:

Read the Test ItemYou are given a figure that involves a right triangle and a circle. You are asked to find the exact circumference of the circle.

Solve the Test ItemThe radius of the circle is the same length as either leg of the triangle. The legs of the triangle have equal length. Call the length x.

Pythagorean Theorem

Substitution

Simplify.

Divide each side by 2.

Take the square root of each side.

So the radius of the circle is 3.

Circumference formula

Substitution

Because we want the exact circumference, the answer is B.