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Implementing Tanzanian Water Policy and Law in the Pangani Basin Sylvand Kamugisha PowerPoint Presentation
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Implementing Tanzanian Water Policy and Law in the Pangani Basin Sylvand Kamugisha Coordinator, Pangani River Basin Management Project. Tanzania Policy reforms.

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Implementing Tanzanian Water Policy and Law in the Pangani Basin

Sylvand Kamugisha

Coordinator, Pangani River Basin Management Project

tanzania policy reforms
Tanzania Policy reforms

Before 1990s- Inadequate water supply and sanitation due to inadequate community and private sector participation in the implementation and management of the water utilities

1991- 1st National Water Policy: emphasis Government implementer, service provider and regulator

2002-New National Water Policy: Introduced element of devolution and public and civil service reforms

2005-National Water Sector Development Strategy: strategy to implement the policy

2009-Water Resources Management Act and Water Supply and Sanitation Act

institutional framework
MINISTRY RESPONSIBLE FOR WATER

BASIN WATER OFFICE

INDIVIDUAL WATER USER

Institutional framework

After 2002

Before 2002

river and lake basins in tanzania
River and Lake Basins in Tanzania

9 Basins

  • Pangani River basin
  • Wami Ruvu basin
  • Rufiji River basin
  • Ruvuma and Southern Coast basin
  • Lake Nyasa basin
  • Internal Drainage basin
  • Lake Rukwa basin
  • Lake Tanganyika basin
  • Lake Victoria basin
pangani basin resources
Pangani Basin: Resources
  • 3.8 million people
  • 2nd highest agricultural output in Tanzania
  • 17% of Tanzania’s hydropower production
  • biodiversity hotspot
  • Water-stressed basin, supply does not meet demand = conflicts
  • Climate change projections and increasing demand mean that IWRM is an urgent priority
concluding question
Concluding question
  • What are successful strategies for building the institutions needed?