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Section 3 Remote sensing of global change. Air pollution Global Change Instructor: Dr. Cheng-Chien Liu Department of Earth Sciences National Cheng Kung University Office: Building of Earth Sciences, room 30206 Voice: +886-6-2757575 ext. 65422 E-mail: ccliu88@mail.ncku.edu.tw

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section 3 remote sensing of global change
Section 3 Remote sensing of global change

Air pollution

Global Change

Instructor: Dr. Cheng-Chien Liu

Department of Earth Sciences

National Cheng Kung University

Office: Building of Earth Sciences, room 30206

Voice: +886-6-2757575 ext. 65422

E-mail: ccliu88@mail.ncku.edu.tw

Office hours: Monday 14:00 – 17:00, Wednesday 9:00 – 12:00

URL: http://mail.ncku.edu.tw./~ccliu88/

Last updated: 25 April 2005

introduction
Introduction
  • Sources of aerosol
    • Nature
      • Volcano
      • Dessert  soil dust
      • Sea  sea salt aerosol
    • Man-made
      • Industrial dust
      • Soot
      • Sulfate
      • Nitrate
characteristics
Characteristics
  • Diameter: 0.001 – 10mm
    • For climate change: 0.1 – 1mm
  • Cloud condensation nuclei
  • Cooling
    • Absorption
    • Scattering
  • Short lifespan and local effect
influences on climate
Influences on climate
  • Short term and local
  • Cooling
    • If stop consuming fuel  Aerosol , but the remaining greenhouse gasses keeps warming the earth  T ?!!!
  • GG   T
    • Two contradictions:
      • CO2 after Industrial revolution (18) but T (1900’s)
      • GG  (1950’s) but T
black carbon contributes to droughts and floods in china
Black carbon contributes to droughts and floods in china
  • Recent paper of Science
    • In a paper appearing in the September 27 issue of SCIENCE, Surabi Menon of NASA and Columbia University, and her colleague, James Hansen of NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, indicate that black carbon can affect regional climate by absorbing sunlight, heating the air and thereby altering large scale atmospheric circulation and the hydrologic cycle.
  • A short video of flooding in China
    • http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a000000/a002500/a002560/flood60.mpg
black carbon contributes to droughts and floods in china cont
Black carbon contributes to droughts and floods in china (cont.)
  • Three conclusions
    • Soot changes ground temperatures in Asia
    • Soot intensifies flooding and droughts in Asia
    • Sunblock reduces crop yields
fig 1
Fig. 1

Fig. 1 Soot changes ground temperatures in Asia. Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/stories/blackcarbon_20020822/tempA-asia.jpg

fig 2
Fig. 2

Fig. 2 Soot intensifies flooding and droughts in Asia. Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/stories/blackcarbon_20020822/index.html

fig 3
Fig. 3

Fig. 3 Sunblock reduces crop yields.Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/stories/blackcarbon_20020822/index.html

questions
Questions
  • What are the different influences on climate change between greenhouse gasses and aerosol?