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Open Access and Its Enemies J. Britt Holbrook Assistant Director Center for the Study of Interdisciplinarity Research Assistant Professor, Philosophy University of North Texas britt.holbrook@unt.edu Futures of Academic Publishing: UNT's 4th Symposium on Open Access May 30, 2013, Dallas, TX.

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slide1

Open Access and Its Enemies

J. Britt Holbrook

Assistant Director

Center for the Study of Interdisciplinarity

Research Assistant Professor, Philosophy

University of North Texas

britt.holbrook@unt.edu

Futures of Academic Publishing: UNT's 4th Symposium on Open Access

May 30, 2013, Dallas, TX

slide2

The Open Society and Its Enemies

  • anti-closed
  • anti-totalitarian
  • liberty
  • liberalism
slide4

Free at Last?

What do we mean by ‘freedom’?

slide5

Negative and Positive Freedom

Negative freedom means freedom from ….

Emphasizes individual liberty

Sees all limitations on individual liberty as evils,

only some of which are necessary

Positive freedom means freedom for ….

Emphasizes some sort of ‘positive’ account of liberty

Sees some limitations on individual as opportunities

to maximize self-determination

slide6

‘Open’ Access?

Negative freedom means freedom from ….

Whether to publish in OA journal should be up to

individual researcher.

OA mandates of any sort are not necessary, just evil!

Positive freedom means freedom for ….

OA leads to greater impact!

OA mandates will allow researchers to maximize their impact

and allow science and society to benefit most from research.

slide7

Open Access as a Sociotechnical Imaginary

OA is an attempt to enlist technology to co-produce a future for scholarly communication that we would like to see realized.

Ultimately, OA rests on a positive view of freedom.

Tactically, in order to implement OA …

We need to realize and take to heart that many researchers – and many

members of society – have a negative view of freedom.

We should increase our own awareness of – and sensitivity to – instances in which individual liberties are impaired by OA.

We also need to find ways to describe OA as getting rid of other ways

in which individual liberties are impaired.

slide8

Open Access as a Sociotechnical Imaginary

We also need a strategy, a long-term vision and goal, that helps overcome resistance to OA stemming from a negative view of freedom.

We need to envision a republic of knowledge that includes the value of

non-domination as a check on positive freedom.

We need an account of impact, onethat is co-produced by researchers and those we intend to impact.

We also need to introducea critical spirit into the OA movement, one that

ought to replace mere enthusiasm or enthusiasm combined with technological

determinism.

slide12

Visions of Impact

What do these numbers actually mean?

56 indicators of impact
56 Indicators of Impact

Meetings with important

ppl

Invitations to present

Invitations to consult

Invitations to evaluate

Protests/demonstrations/

sit-ins

Coining/debunking phrase

or buzzword

Trending in social media

Esteem surveys

Trust/reputation

Rankings

Blog mentions

Student surveys

Student testimonials

Faculty recommendations

Faculty award/prize

Textbooks

Influencing curriculum

creation

Participating in public

education programs

H-index

G-index

Universal H-index

HM-index (standardizes

co-authorship)

Peer review

Place of publication

# of pubs

# of citations

Book sales

Article Product downloads

Website hits

Media mentions

Quotes in media

Quotes in policy

Developing a metric

that people use

Rabble rousing

Muckraking

Lawsuits

Arrests

Cited in testimonials

Town hall meetings

Social networking contacts

Increased diversity

Degree of ID/TD

Degree of transformativity

ID/TD rigor

CSID advisors

Special problem requests

with CSID faculty

Internationalization

Grant $

Audience size @ CSID

events

Success of faculty fellows

Esteem of senior fellows

Success of graduate / UG

presentations & grants

Posters?

Impact factor of journals

in which CSID publishes

Number ofAngry letters

from important people

Mention by policy makers