Letters and Sounds. Information for Parents November 2011 Welcome . Phonics at a glance. Phonics is…. Skills of segmentation and blending. Knowledge of the alphabetic code. Phonics Consists of:. Identifying sounds in spoken words Recognising the common spellings of each phoneme.
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Information for Parents
Skills of segmentation and blending
Knowledge of the alphabetic code.
This is the smallest unit of sound in a word.
How many phonemes can you hear in
These are the letters that represent the phoneme.
Children need to practise recognising the grapheme and saying the phoneme that it represents.
The grapheme could be 1 letter, 2 letters or more! We refer to these as sound buttons.
t ai igh
A word always has the same number of phonemes and graphemes!
and merging or ‘blending’ them in the order in which they are written to pronounce the word ‘cup’
Nonsense games like this help to build up skills – and are fun!
ll ss zz oa ai
* Showing an awareness of rhyme and alliteration.
* Distinguishing between sounds in the environment and phonemes.
* Exploring and experimenting with sounds and words.
* Discriminating speech sounds in words.
* Beginning to orally blend and segment phonemes.
Set 1 - s, a, t, p,
Set 2 - l, n, m, d,
Set 3 - g, o, c, k,
Set 4 - ck, e, u, r,
Set 5 - h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
Set 6 - j, v, w, x
Set 7 - y, z, zz, qu
ear, air, ure, er, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo
ch, sh, th, ng.
ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, au, a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e, u-e.
Alternative graphemes for:
i, o, c, g, u, ow, ie, ea, er, a, y, ch, ou
In addition to this, each the week the children learn ‘tricky’ spelling words (those that are not spelt phonetically) and key sight vocabulary.
The key sight word list has 100 words to learn in Reception and Year 1. While in year 2 an additional 200 words are added.
Now these pupils have a sound understanding in phonics these groups will focus on learning the spelling rules.
To distinguish between the spelling and meaning of homophones.
2 letters making one sound ( ai, ee, oo)
3 letters making one sound ( igh , dge )
Where the two letters are not adjacent
( a-e, e-e )
Here are the phases.