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DOE/NNSA Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) Capabilities Overview. Hans Oldewage Training and Outreach Coordinator RAP Region 4 (505) 845-7728. DOE/NNSA Mission.

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doe nnsa radiological assistance program rap capabilities overview

DOE/NNSA Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) Capabilities Overview

Hans Oldewage

Training and Outreach Coordinator

RAP Region 4

(505) 845-7728

doe nnsa mission
DOE/NNSA Mission

Ensure capabilities are in place to provide an appropriate response to nuclear or radiological emergencies within the United States or abroad.

doe nnsa emergency response assets
DOE/NNSA Emergency Response Assets
  • Expert technical advice from the DOE/NNSA complex in response to:
    • Nuclear weapon accidents and incidents
    • Possible acts of nuclear terrorism
    • Lost or stolen radioactive materials
    • Radiological accidents
  • Provide access to expertise in nuclear weapons design, nuclear/radiological materials characterization, and radiological detection and characterization
  • Deployable capabilities, configured for a rapid response to any nuclear/radiological accident or incident
office of emergency operations



Response Officer

Nuclear Incident





Office of Emergency Operations

National Atmospheric

Release Advisory Center




Search Response Team

Federal Radiological Monitoring

Assessment Center

Joint Technical Operations Team

Radiation Emergency

Assistance Center /

Training Site


Accident Response


Aerial Measuring System

Radiological Assistance





Nuclear / Radiological

Advisory Team

radiological assistance program rap mission
Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) Mission

Provide first-responder radiological assistance to protect the health and safety of the general public and the environment. Assist other Federal, State, Tribal and local agencies in the detection, identification and analysis, and response to events involving the use of radiological/nuclear material.

radiological assistance program
Radiological Assistance Program

RAP is organized on a regional basis to foster a timely response capability and coordination between DOE and other Federal, State, tribal, and local emergency response elements:

  • Eight geographical DOE regions plus a National Capitol Region
  • Each DOE region is managed by a Regional Response Coordinator (RRC)
doe regional map and coordinating offices
DOE Regional Map and Coordinating Offices














U.S. Virgin Islands

rap team configuration
RAP Team Configuration
  • Each region has a minimum of 3 teams
  • RAP teams consist of trained employees from DOE and DOE contractors/facilities
  • Each team consists of 8 members; one Team Leader, one Team Captain, one Senior Scientist, and five Health Physics Survey/Support personnel
  • Additional personnel are available, such as Public Information Officers, industrial hygienists, transportation specialists, logistics support, etc.
rap team response
RAP Team Response
  • Fully mobilized within 2 hours of notification
  • On-scene arrival within 6 hours of notification
  • Deployment by dedicated response vehicles, charter air service, or commercial air
rap team capabilities
RAP Team Capabilities
  • Detection and identification of radioactive materials
  • Monitoring to characterize the radiation environment
  • Assessment and evaluation (hazards and risks)
  • Mitigative advice/consultation
  • ‘Hot Line’ support; personnel for monitoring, decon, and material recovery
  • Public Information support
standard response equipment
Standard Response Equipment
  • PPE (gloves, booties, respirators, coveralls, dosimetry, etc.)
  • Communications and Logistics gear (hand-held radios, GPS, cell phones, satellite phones, lap tops, etc.)
standard response equipment1
Standard Response Equipment
  • Alpha Detection
  • Beta Detection
standard response equipment2
Standard Response Equipment
  • Gamma Detection
  • Neutron Detection
standard response equipment3
Standard Response Equipment
  • Gamma spectroscopy systems (NaI and HPGe)
  • Air samplers (high

and low volume)

radionuclide identification
Radionuclide Identification

Room temperature (NaI) Spectrum

Liquid Nitrogen Cooled (HPGe) Spectrum

Most “Room Temperature” Units do NOT have the Resolution to Identify Many Complicated Isotopes

doe triage system
DOE Triage System
  • The DOE Triage System provides rapid scientific evaluation to any responder
  • Provides reach-back capability to tap into National Laboratory gamma spectroscopy scientists
  • Possible “trip-wire” for other assets
RAP Contact Information

24 Hour HQ Emergency Response Officer


rap region 4 contact information
RAP Region 4 Contact Information

24 Hour Region 4 Contact (Transportation Emergency Control Center): 505-845-4667

RAP Region 4 RRC (FED):

Kent Gray ([email protected])

Office: (505) 845-6300

Cell: (505) 629-3238

RAP Region 4 CRC (Sandia Labs):

Richard Stump ([email protected])

Office: (505) 844-5943

Cell: (505) 238-0491

mobile detection deployment program mission
Mobile Detection Deployment Program Mission
  • Expand National programs to bridge infrastructure gaps in preventive rad/nuc detection capabilities during heightened alert states, intelligent driven events, high risk events NSSEs and SEAR1-4. Provide equipment and training for force multiplication to these events.
  • DNDO Funded, DOE First Responder managed and executed.
equipm ent
  • Mobile
    • Radiation Solutions Incorporated (RSI) – 701 (3 or 5 each)
  • Backpack
    • Thermo Packeye (11 or 22 each)
  • Handheld RIID
    • Thermo IdentiFinder (4 or 8 each)
    • Ortec Detective DX (2 or 4 each)
  • PRDs
    • Mini Rad-D (24 or 48 each)
equipm ent1
  • ID PRDs
    • Thermo Interceptor (11 or 22 each)
  • Computer system/wireless connectivity
    • Toughbooks (3 or 5 each)
  • Handheld Radios
    • Motorola XTS 5000 (12 or 16 each)
requesting the mddu
Requesting the MDDU
  • Any civil authority, Federal, State, Local or Tribal, may make a request for the MDDU to the regional RAP team.
    • The RAP team elevates the request to DOE/NA-42.
    • The decision to authorize the use of MDDU assets is then made by DNDO and NA-42.
Joint Technical Operations Team (JTOT)
  • Rapidly deployable response for nuclear terrorism incident resolution
  • Includes locating, access, diagnostics, render safe or destruction, containment and effects, and transportation preparation capabilities
  • Home team available at LANL, SNL, LLNL

(National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center)

  • Real-time computer predictions for atmospheric transport and dispersion of radioactive materials
  • Computer model calculations based on:
    • Real-time weather data
    • Terrain database
    • 3-D transport and diffusion model
  • NARAC products:
    • Ground deposition plots
    • Instantaneous and time-integrated dose
    • Airborne concentrations
(National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center)


  • Response timeline for initial plots:
    • 5-10 minutes for NARAC supported sites
    • 1 hour for non-supported sites
  • NARAC products provide information to Decision Makers to:
    • assess dose and surface contamination downwind
    • deploy field teams
    • plan for AMS surveys
    • develop protective action recommendations
Aerial Measuring System
  • Radiological detectors mountable in helicopters and fixed wing aircraft
  • Provides search capability and radiation mapping over large areas around an accident or incident scene


Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center
  • Provides the operational framework for coordinating all federal off-site radiological monitoring and assessment activities in support of the Lead Federal Agency and affected States
  • Coordinates and provides quality controlled data and interpretations in an understandable format
  • Multi-agency center initially managed by DOE
Consequence Management Home Team


  • Provide early data assessment resources
    • Function as conduit for data products such as NARAC predictive maps
    • Interpret early radiological measurements
    • Collect radiological data
  • Provide a platform for collection of situational awareness information and to define objectives
  • Provide technical guidance for worker and public protection
  • Provide logistical support for deployed teams
  • Activate thru HQ ERO 202-586-8100



reac ts

(Radiological Emergency Assistance Center / Training Site)

  • Provides 24-hour medical consultation or direct advice on health issues associated with radiation accidents
  • Provides a deployable team of health professionals or provides patient care at REAC/TS
  • Designated as a WHO Collaboration Center for Radiation Emergency Assistance
  • Provides DTPA and Prussian Blue for treatment of internal contamination
  • Provides training programs for health professionals
Accident Response Group
  • Technical response for accidents or significant incidents involving U.S. nuclear weapons in DoD or DOE custody
  • Composed of nuclear scientists, engineers, and weapons designers capable of covering all weapons in the US inventory
  • Deploys via commercial or military air using a time-phase approach
Accident Response Group
  • Uses highly specialized equipment and personnel to provide advice to DoD Explosive Ordnance Disposal teams for:
      • collection and identification of components
      • weapons safing and recovery
      • packaging damaged weapons
      • transportation, storage and disposal of damaged weapons