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Sensor Network Applications in Agriculture. Prof. Prabhat Ranjan (prabhat\[email protected]) Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT), Gandhinagar. Outline. Technology Development Sensor Network : Introduction Applications Agricultural Applications

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sensor network applications in agriculture
Sensor Network Applications in Agriculture

Prof. Prabhat Ranjan

([email protected])

Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT),

Gandhinagar

outline
Outline
  • Technology Development
  • Sensor Network : Introduction
  • Applications
  • Agricultural Applications
  • Microclimate monitoring system
  • Other technologies : iButton, Simputer
  • Summary
technolgy development
Technolgy Development
  • Commercial demand (e.g. Mobile phone)
    • Integration of Sensing and Processing
    • Miniaturization
    • Low power consumption
    • Efficient wireless communication
  • Sensor Network nodes combine
    • Microsensor
    • Low power computing
    • Wireless networking
sensor network
Sensor Network

A sensor network is composed of a large number of sensor nodes, which are densely deployed either inside the phenomenon or very close to it.

  • Random deployment
  • Cooperative capabilities

Instead of low density highly sensitive sensors -> high density, low cost sensor nodes

wireless communication range
Wireless Communication Range
  • Low range
    • Node to Node
    • Multihop
    • 50-100 meters
    • Few 100 Mhz to few thousand Mhz
    • No infrastructure needed to support communication
  • Long range
    • Communication Infrastructure needed (Mobile phone)
    • Distance no limitation
    • Mostly Single Hop
    • Geographical coverage very large (State or Nationwide)
    • GPS can be integrated
applications
Applications
  • temperature
  • humidity
  • vehicular movement
  • lightning condition
  • pressure
  • soil property
  • noise levels
  • the presence or absence of certain kinds of objects
  • mechanical stress levels on attached objects
  • the current characteristics such as speed, direction, and size of an object
military applications
Military Applications
  • Monitoring friendly forces, equipment and ammunition
  • Battlefield surveillance
  • Reconnaissance of opposing forces and terrain
  • Battle damage assessment
  • Nuclear, biological and chemical attack detection and reconnaissance
environmental applications
Environmental Applications
  • Forest fire detection
  • Bio-complexity mapping of the environment
  • Flood detection
  • Precision agriculture
health applications
Health Applications
  • Tele-monitoring of human physiological data
  • Tracking and monitoring patients and doctors inside a hospital
  • Drug administration in hospitals
home applications
Home Applications
  • Home automation
  • Smart environment
other commercial applications
Other Commercial Applications
  • Environmental control in office buildings
  • Interactive museums
  • Managing inventory control
  • Vehicle tracking and detection
  • Detecting and monitoring car thefts
agricultural application
Agricultural Application
  • Detailed local environment
    • Temperature
    • Humidity
    • Soil Moisture
    • Wind speed, direction
    • Rain Fall
    • Sunshine
    • CO2
example
Example
  • Fighting Phytophtora using micro-climate
    • New radio telescope of the LOFAR (Low Frequency Array) project is based on tens of thousands of antennas
    • Measurement of the micro-climate in potato crops to improve the advice on how to combat phytophtora within a crop
    • Phytophtora :fungal disease in potatoes
  • The development and associated attack of the crop depends strongly on the climatological conditions within the field.
  • Micro Climate indicators for the development of phytophtora are: temperature, humidity and whether or not the leaves are wet.
cal poly pomona college of agriculture
Cal Poly Pomona, College of Agriculture
  • Sensor Network ideal for monitoring environmental conditions effecting plant growth in areas that are not as easily controllable as those of a greenhouse.
  • Studying the effects of microclimates on plants will allow scientists to better understand the ways in which to optimize yield and quality.
  • Each node measures light levels, air temperature and humidity, with optional measurements of soil temperature and soil moisture.
  • In addition, battery levels for each node can be monitored for diagnostic purposes.
making wines finer with wireless
Making wines finer with wireless
  • Intel Research , Canada Dept. of Agriculture
  • Temperature sensors to help protect their crops from frost damage
  • The temperature motes will help King Farms target specific plants for frost-control measures, such as misting the plants with water.
  • Water is scarce resource
  • After analyzing long-term data from the sensors, they'll also be able to harvest grapes more productively, and cut their use of pesticides and fungicides
berkeley motes
Berkeley Motes
  • ATMega 128L 8-bit, 8MHz, 4KB EEPROM, 4KB RAM, 128KB flash
  • Chipcon CC100 multichannel radio (Manchester encoding, FSK). Up to 500-1000ft.
motes agricultural use xbow com
Motes : Agricultural Use(xbow.com)
  • Light, Photo-Active Light, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Temperature Module with built-in MICA2
  • Sealed Temperature / Humidity Module with built-in MICA2DOT
microclimate monitoring da iict
Microclimate monitoring - DA-IICT

DA-IICT, Lab Bldg Top

  • Wind Speed, Direction
  • Temperature
  • Humidity
  • Pressure
  • Rainfall
  • Lightning
  • Light
  • CO2
features
Features
  • Wireless for power and data
  • Uses Reliance India Mobile for Data Comm
  • Solar Panel for power
  • Can tolerate one week of no sunshine
  • Use one wire network for interconnection
fruit maturity monitor
Fruit maturity monitor
  • Ethelyne gas monitor
  • Image Sensor Network of the fruit
ibutton
iButton
  • A 16mm computer chip armored in a stainless steel can
  • Up-to-date information can travel with a person or object
  • Types of i-Button
    • Memory Button
    • Java Powered Cryptographic iButton
    • Thermochron iButton
ibutton applications
iButton Applications
  • Can record temperature with ease
  • Perishable products transportation i.e ice-cream
  • Quality assurance to customer
  • Unique ID – Keep track of product
  • RF-ID may be more suitable
simputer agri information
Simputer : Agri-information
  • Price of agri-information can be downloaded on an Amida Simputer from a central server that reflects the latest prices.
  • A single Amida can be used by multiple farmers with smartcards to check latest prices.
  • Besides, the Amida acts an interactive assistant with access to relevant information regarding weather, crop, seed, fertilizer and farming practice information.
simputer gis services
Simputer : GIS Services
  • Amida Simputer enabled citizen services for Voter ID cards, driving license, ration card, a single Citizen ID card with fingerprint, photographic and demographic information, are all made possible by integrating the Amida with a fingerprint sensor, printer and camera.
  • Data collection for natural resource mapping can be enabled with a combination of Amida Simputers, Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers & GIS databases can be added on.
summary
Summary
  • Sensor Networks are emerging as a great aid in improving agricultural productivity, quality and resource optimization
  • Very application dependent and close interaction between agriculture scientist and ICT researchers will help
  • Many other technologies (such as iButton, simputer) have become available which can help improve agriculture and Rural quality of life
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