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The Right to the City Mark Purcell Department of Urban Design & Planning University of Washington, USA.

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The right to the city mark purcell department of urban design planning university of washington usa

The Right to the CityMark PurcellDepartment of Urban Design & PlanningUniversity of Washington, USA


Puerta del sol madrid

“For a long time decisions have been made for us, without consulting us. We…have come to Syntagma Square… because we know that the solutions to our problems can only be provided by us. We call all residents of Athens…and all of society to fill the public squares and to take their lives into their own hands.  In these public squares we will shape our claims and our demands together.”

Syntagma Square, Athens

Puerta del Sol, Madrid

Que se vayan todos

No nos representan


Two approaches
Two Approaches consulting us. We…have come to Syntagma Square… because we know that the solutions to our problems can only be provided by us. We call all residents of Athens…and all of society to fill the public squares and to take their lives into their own hands.  In these public squares we will shape our claims and our demands together.”

Liberal-Democratic Approach

Lefebvre’s Approach

Use rights of

inhabitants

over

Property rights

of owners

Use value of

urban space

over

Exchange value of urban space


Liberal democratic rights
Liberal-Democratic Rights consulting us. We…have come to Syntagma Square… because we know that the solutions to our problems can only be provided by us. We call all residents of Athens…and all of society to fill the public squares and to take their lives into their own hands.  In these public squares we will shape our claims and our demands together.”

Montreal Charter of Rights and Responsibilities

Mexico City Charter for the Right to the City

City Statute in Brazil

Right to the City Alliance in USA

European Charter for Human Rights in the City

World Charter for the Right to the City

Liberal Democracy

Elections, parties, laws, state institutions

Guaranteed by the State

Public/Private

Rights as protection of individual liberty

Addition to existing lists of rights

Legal strategies

Rights as ends


Lefebvre s right to the city
Lefebvre’s Right to the City consulting us. We…have come to Syntagma Square… because we know that the solutions to our problems can only be provided by us. We call all residents of Athens…and all of society to fill the public squares and to take their lives into their own hands.  In these public squares we will shape our claims and our demands together.”

1901-1991

French Communist Party

Stalinism

Paris, 1968

Radical democracy beyond the state

and beyond capitalism


New contract of citizenship
New Contract of Citizenship consulting us. We…have come to Syntagma Square… because we know that the solutions to our problems can only be provided by us. We call all residents of Athens…and all of society to fill the public squares and to take their lives into their own hands.  In these public squares we will shape our claims and our demands together.”

Right to information

Right to difference

Right to autogestion

Right to the city


Autogestion self management
Autogestion consulting us. We…have come to Syntagma Square… because we know that the solutions to our problems can only be provided by us. We call all residents of Athens…and all of society to fill the public squares and to take their lives into their own hands.  In these public squares we will shape our claims and our demands together.” Self-management

Dictatorship of the proletariat

Contract is a point of departure for a renewal of political life

In which people become active and appropriate their own power

Deepening of democracy

Withering away of the state and of capitalist social relations


Industrial city
Industrial city consulting us. We…have come to Syntagma Square… because we know that the solutions to our problems can only be provided by us. We call all residents of Athens…and all of society to fill the public squares and to take their lives into their own hands.  In these public squares we will shape our claims and our demands together.”

  • Industrial City

  • Private property, exchange value

  • Separation, segregation, homogenization

  • Passive and isolated consumers

  • Habitat

  • Commodities, production, consumption

  • Economic growth

  • Oligarchy: managed by elites

The neoliberal city

The Society of the Spectacle


Urban society
Urban society consulting us. We…have come to Syntagma Square… because we know that the solutions to our problems can only be provided by us. We call all residents of Athens…and all of society to fill the public squares and to take their lives into their own hands.  In these public squares we will shape our claims and our demands together.”

  • Industrial City

  • Private property, exchange value

  • Separation, segregation, homogenization

  • Passive and isolated consumers

  • Habitat

  • Commodities, production, consumption

  • Economic growth

  • Oligarchy: managed by elites

The neoliberal city

The Society of the Spectacle

  • Urban Society

  • Inhabitants appropriate urban space, use value

  • Interaction, encounter, collective politics

  • Together-in-difference

  • L’inhabiter

  • Creation (poiesis)

  • Human development (free development of each…)

  • Democracy: managed by all inhabitants

Urban autogestion


Commonality and difference
Commonality and Difference consulting us. We…have come to Syntagma Square… because we know that the solutions to our problems can only be provided by us. We call all residents of Athens…and all of society to fill the public squares and to take their lives into their own hands.  In these public squares we will shape our claims and our demands together.”

Inhabitants/Users as:

not-capitalist-consumers

not-state-subjects


Puerta del sol madrid

A Practicable Utopia consulting us. We…have come to Syntagma Square… because we know that the solutions to our problems can only be provided by us. We call all residents of Athens…and all of society to fill the public squares and to take their lives into their own hands.  In these public squares we will shape our claims and our demands together.”

Extrapolate a possible world from actual practices

It helps us see the possible in the actual

Right to the city as a point of departure; opens a path toward urban society


Puerta del sol madrid

“Seek and learn to recognize who and what, in the midst of inferno, are not inferno, and help them endure, give them space.”

--Italo Calvino, Invisible Cities


Puerta del sol madrid

The inferno of the living is not something that will be. If there is one, it is that which is already here, the inferno that we inhabit every day, that we create by being together. There are two ways to escape suffering it. The first is easy for most: accept the inferno and become such a complete part of it that you no longer know it is there. The second is risky and requires vigilance and continuous attention: seek and learn to recognize who and what, in the midst of inferno, are not inferno, and help them endure, give them space.

—Italo Calvino, Invisible Cities (1972), p. 164)


Puerta del sol madrid

L'inferno dei viventi non there is one, it is that which is already here, the inferno that we inhabit every day, that we create by being together. There are two ways to escape suffering it. The first is easy for most: accept the inferno and become such a complete part of it that you no longer know it is there. The second is risky and requires vigilance and continuous attention: seek and learn to recognize who and what, in the midst of inferno, are not inferno, and help them endure, give them space.è qualcosa che sarà; se ce n'è uno, è quello che è già qui, l'inferno che abitiamo tutti i giorni, che formiamo stando insieme. Due modi ci sono per non soffrirne. Il primo riesce facile a molti: accettare l'inferno e diventarne parte fino al punto di non vederlo più. Il secondo è rischioso ed esige attenzione e apprendimento continui: cercare e saper riconoscere chi e che cosa, in mezzo all'inferno, non è inferno, e farlo durare, e dargli spazio.

Italo Calvino, Le Città Invisibili, 1972