ILRI research supporting smallholder pig farmers in Asia. What did we know before?. The Context Increasing demand for livestock products notably pig meat. Structural transformation in livestock sector; scaling up of production units while large majority still remains small.
What did we know before?
Smallholder pig producers face constraints in technology, institutions and policy to effectively participate in the expanding market for pigs and pig meat.
What do we know now?
Viable technology options (feed, breed) and market institutions can facilitate market access and improve competitiveness of smallholders in supplying increasing demand for pigs and pig meat.
Who cares ?
Smallholder pig producers (enhanced productivity and improved competitiveness and market access); policy makers (guidance on pro-poor policymaking); development partners (uptake of recommendations); consumers (cheaper, safer pig meat)
ILRI projects addressing these issues
4. Contract Farming for Equitable Market-Oriented
Smallholder Swine Production in N. Vietnam (FAO-PPLPI)2
1. Improving Competitiveness of Pig Producers
in an Adjusting Vietnam Market (ACIAR)1
This project seeks to identify an appropriate policy and institutional framework that will best improve the competitiveness of Vietnam’s smallholder pig producers. Nationwide household and value chain surveys are being implemented.
Contract farming schemes are not scale-neutral.
Alternative informal contract arrangements based on collective action approaches are feasible options.
2. NE India pig systems appraisal (ILRI-Gov of Assam4
5. Improving the pig and pig meat marketing chain to enable small producers to serve consumer needs in Vietnam and Cambodia (EU-DURAS)3
Vietnamese consumers are willing to pay an average 5% above regular price for fresh pork fillet that is guaranteed to be hygienic.
3. Sweet potato-pig systems in Sichuan (ADB-CASREN + SLP)5
Enhanced smallholder pig production through improved feeding with ensiled sweet potato vines and roots; the conserved biomass provided for nutritious feeds that can support pig herds up to nine months and enabled use of high-yielding crossbreeds. This resulted in higher FCRs, shorter feeding periods to slaughter weight, and more pigs sold that translated to doubling of income from pig production from adoption of the feeding technology.
Dissemination and uptake pathways
Numerous partnerships have evolved from the collaborative activities that have been implemented, e.g., links with NGOs (Oxfam and PI in Vietnam; RGVN in NE India) and also with the policymaking bodies (e.g., Vietnam’s MARD, Gov of Assam). These partnerships are critical in facilitating dissemination and uptake of recommendations via policy dialogues, pilot activities, integration in extension programs, and dev. investments.
Collaborative partners: 1 (ACIAR, Center for Agricultural Policy, IFPRI, Oxfam, Univ of Queensland); 2 (FAO-PPLPI, Hanoi Agricultural University); 3 (EU-DURAS, Rural Development Center in Vietnam, Center for Agricultural and Livestock Development in Cambodia, CIRAD-MALICA, farmer organizations in VN & CAM); 4 (Gov of Assam); 5 (ADB-SLP, Sichuan Animal Sciences Academy, CIP)
INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK RESEARCH INSTITUTE