Growth and Public Facilities. To developers the four “services” that make land developable are: Zoning 3) Water Roads 4) Sewer
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--Consumers follow developers --Costs of infrastructure keep developers from truly raw land--The law Developers cannot heavily develop land without adequate sewer facilities--Poor transportation access means poor site selection for almost all uses--Water is required for almost all uses; In arid climates water systems shape growth
The Comprehensive Plan- Should focus on physical development- Should be long range- Should be comprehensive- Should be general and remain general- Should clearly relate physical design proposals to the basic policies of the plan
Typical Parts of the Plan- Land use inventory- Public facilities inventory- Transportation element- Goals and policies
The Capital Improvements Program- A rolling 5 or 6 year spending plan for capital improvements- “Sets forth the policies and proposals for systematically maintaining, upgrading, and replacing a jurisdiction’s physical plant”
Typical Parts of the Program- Budget outlays (expenditures)- Budget sources (incomes)- Funded Projects
Updated Annually or Semi-Annually
Goals, Objectives for City/County
The “Big Picture” Planning Document
(Year 1, CIP)
The Annual Budget
The Ideal Relationship Between Documents
In this model, the CIP process is largely unrelated to and
unaffected by the Comprehensive Plan. Investments in
infrastructure happen with little regard to the long-term
vision of the community.
The Current Comp Planning Model
At best, a tenuous
CIP and Comp Plan
In this model, the choice of infrastructure investments is based
upon the long-term vision outlined in the Comprehensive Plan.
The Comprehensive Plan, therefore, is “implemented” through
two complementary means; 1) the regulatory process (land use regs)
and 2) investments in infrastructure systems
The Desired Comp Planning Model
In Chapter 4 of his PAS report, Kelly outlines what he considers to be an effective mix of elements that will tie growth to public facilities (Growth Management through Infrastructure Provision).
Land Use Controls1. Timing Element for Future Land UsesInclude “timing” in future land use designations2. Timing Controls on Permitted DevelopmentEvery development should have a time limit that it can encumber capacity of different systems
Infrastructure Controls3. Adequate Public Facilities StandardsDefensible, usable standards to encumber public facilities4. Investments Guided by the Comprehensive PlanDon’t build facilities just because you can; All growth is not created equal; Build only what makes sense given the vision of the community
Other Issues5. Replace Exactions with Impact FeesBeware of “free” public facilities; Carefully implement Impact Fees6. Influence other Government AgenciesGet all agencies onboard with “infrastructure as growth shapers”.
1) TLC’s Urban Service Area Boundary
2) Policies on Urban Services
3) Urban Fringe Growth Areas
4) County Future Land Use Map
5) Urban Area Future Land Use Map
The Urban Service Area strategy has the following implications for capital improvement budgeting:
1) Capital infrastructure will not be programmed or extended to areas outside the designated urban service area unless the infrastructure is needed to serve population located within the Urban Service Area.
2) Areas within the Urban Service Area can expect capital infrastructure and services to be available within the time frame of the plan (2010 for Phase I and 2020 for Phase II (Effective 4/18/02)).
3) Capital improvement projects or expenditures designed to support urban density outside of the Urban Service Area will not occur outside the designated Urban Service Area unless a demonstrated hardship can be shown.